false2020FY0000103872November 1us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Memberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602MemberP3YP3YP3YP3YP1YP2YP3Y00001038722019-11-042020-11-01iso4217:USD00001038722020-05-03xbrli:shares00001038722021-01-0800001038722018-10-292019-11-03iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00001038722020-11-0100001038722019-11-0300001038722018-10-280000103872us-gaap:CommonStockMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-10-2800001038722017-10-302018-10-280000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-10-280000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-11-030000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-11-030000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:BuildingMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:ComputerSoftwareIntangibleAssetMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:MinimumMember2019-11-040000103872srt:MaximumMember2019-11-0400001038722019-11-040000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-11-0400001038722019-01-282019-04-2800001038722019-04-292019-07-2800001038722019-07-292019-11-0300001038722018-10-292019-01-27xbrli:pure0000103872srt:CumulativeEffectPeriodOfAdoptionAdjustmentMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Memberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2018-10-280000103872visi:StaffingServicesMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMembersrt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMembersrt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMembervisi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMembervisi:ManagedServiceProgramMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872country:US2019-11-042020-11-010000103872country:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872country:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMembercountry:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembercountry:US2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMembercountry:US2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:StaffingServicesMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMembersrt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:DirectPlacementServicesMembersrt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMembervisi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ManagedServiceProgramMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMembervisi:ManagedServiceProgramMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:CallCenterServicesMembersrt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872country:US2018-10-292019-11-030000103872country:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872country:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMembercountry:USus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembercountry:US2018-10-292019-11-030000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMembercountry:US2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:NonUsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:NonUsMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMemberus-gaap:NonUsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2019-11-030000103872visi:AssociatedVendorsMember2020-11-010000103872visi:AssociatedVendorsMember2019-11-030000103872visi:RestrictedCashandShorttermInvestmentsMembervisi:LineofCreditandLettersofCreditMember2020-11-010000103872visi:RestrictedCashandShorttermInvestmentsMembervisi:LineofCreditandLettersofCreditMember2019-11-030000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872visi:RestrictedCashandShorttermInvestmentsMember2020-11-010000103872visi:RestrictedCashandShorttermInvestmentsMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMember2019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMember2020-11-010000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMember2018-10-280000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AllowanceForCreditLossMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMember2018-10-280000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMemberus-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201409Member2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:SECSchedule1209AllowanceSalesReturnsMembervisi:AccruedInsuranceAndOtherCurrentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:LandAndBuildingMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:LandAndBuildingMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:MachineryAndEquipmentMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2019-11-030000103872visi:LeaseholdImprovementsAndOfficeEquipmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:EquipmentMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:SoftwareSystemsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EquipmentMemberus-gaap:FacilityClosingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-280000103872visi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-030000103872visi:InternationalStaffingMember2020-11-010000103872visi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMember2018-10-162019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-162019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-162019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-162019-11-030000103872visi:FormerChiefExecutiveOfficerMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2018-04-302018-07-290000103872visi:FormerChiefFinancialOfficerMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2019-07-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMembervisi:TwoThousandTwentyRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:TwoThousandEighteenRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMembervisi:ExitCustomerCareSolutionsBusinessMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:EmployeeSeveranceMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OtherRestructuringMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:OtherRestructuringPlanMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExecutiveManagementChangeMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExecutiveManagementChangeMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExecutiveManagementChangeMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExecutiveManagementChangeMembervisi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ExecutiveManagementChangeMemberus-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2018-10-292019-11-0300001038722019-11-052019-11-050000103872visi:ShortTermFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:PropertyAndCasualtyPersonalInsuranceProductLineMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:PropertyAndCasualtyPersonalInsuranceProductLineMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:HealthInsuranceProductLineMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:HealthInsuranceProductLineMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:DomesticCountryMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:StateAndLocalJurisdictionMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember2020-11-010000103872visi:DomesticAndCertainNonDomesticMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872srt:MinimumMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:COVID19PandemicMember2020-03-272020-08-020000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-07-190000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-07-190000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-03-112020-03-110000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-03-122020-08-020000103872srt:ScenarioForecastMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2021-05-032021-08-010000103872srt:ScenarioForecastMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2021-08-022021-10-310000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-06-100000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-06-110000103872srt:ScenarioForecastMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2021-11-012022-01-300000103872us-gaap:FederalFundsEffectiveSwapRateMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-01-142020-01-140000103872us-gaap:PrimeRateMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-01-142020-01-140000103872us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2019-01-250000103872visi:ShortTermFinancingProgramMemberus-gaap:LetterOfCreditMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872visi:LetterofCreditSecurityDepositMembervisi:DZFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2019-11-030000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:ShortTermFinancingProgramMember2020-11-010000103872visi:ShortTermFinancingProgramMember2019-11-030000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2020-12-310000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembersrt:MinimumMember2020-12-012020-12-310000103872visi:DZFinancingProgramMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMembersrt:MaximumMember2020-12-012020-12-31visi:vote0000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2018-10-280000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2020-11-0100001038722019-05-010000103872visi:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUsAndCashAwardsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMemberus-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMembersrt:MinimumMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMembersrt:MaximumMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementEmployeeMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872srt:DirectorMemberus-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2019-11-042020-02-020000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsPerformanceSharesMember2018-10-280000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsPerformanceSharesMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsPerformanceSharesMember2019-11-030000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsPerformanceSharesMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsPerformanceSharesMember2020-11-010000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsRestrictedStockUnitsRSUsMember2018-10-280000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsRestrictedStockUnitsRSUsMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsRestrictedStockUnitsRSUsMember2019-11-030000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsRestrictedStockUnitsRSUsMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872visi:EquityAndLiabilityAwardsRestrictedStockUnitsRSUsMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872visi:StaffingServicesMembersrt:BoardOfDirectorsChairmanMembersrt:AffiliatedEntityMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:UnfavorableRegulatoryActionMember2019-07-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2019-11-042020-11-010000103872us-gaap:IntersegmentEliminationMember2018-10-292019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:NorthAmericanStaffingMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMembervisi:InternationalStaffingMember2019-11-030000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2020-11-010000103872visi:NorthAmericanMSPMemberus-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMember2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMember2019-11-030000103872country:US2020-11-010000103872country:US2019-11-030000103872us-gaap:NonUsMember2020-11-010000103872us-gaap:NonUsMember2019-11-0300001038722019-11-042020-02-0200001038722020-02-032020-05-0300001038722020-05-042020-08-0200001038722020-08-032020-11-01

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended November 1, 2020
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OF 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission File Number: 001-09232
VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
New York
 13-5658129
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2401 N. Glassell Street, Orange, California
 
92865
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(714) 921-8800
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $0.10 Par ValueVOLT NYSE American
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
(Title of class)
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ☐  No  ☒
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ☐  No  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒  No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “non-accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filerNon-accelerated filer ☒Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange
Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
As of May 3, 2020, there were 21,408,659 shares of common stock outstanding. The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates as of May 3, 2020 was $13,946,091, calculated by using the closing price of the common stock on such date on the NYSE AMERICAN market of $0.80.
As of January 8, 2021, there were 21,736,575 shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement to be filed for its 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report to the extent stated herein.




VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED NOVEMBER 1, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
  Page
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 1B.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
ITEM 9B.
ITEM 10.
ITEM 11.
ITEM 12.
ITEM 13.
ITEM 14.
ITEM 15.



CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements contained in this report are “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of that term in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements include statements that reflect the current views of our senior management with respect to our financial performance and future events of our business and industry in general. The terms “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “project,” “forecast,” “estimate,” “may,” “should,” “anticipate” and similar statements of a future or forward-looking nature identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements address matters that involve risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these forward-looking statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to, the following:
 
global public health epidemics, including the strain of coronavirus known as COVID-19;
the loss of major customers;
cyber-attacks or the improper disclosure of sensitive or confidential employee or customer data;
turmoil in the financial markets or the inability to fully utilize our credit facility;
vulnerability of information technology systems to damage and/or interruption;
failure to keep pace with rapid changes in technology;
failure or inability to comply with financial covenants;
inability to retain acceptable insurance coverage limits at a commercially reasonable cost and terms;
unexpected changes in workers' compensation and other insurance plans;
contracts with no minimum purchase requirements, or cancellable during the term or both;
volatility of stock price and related ability of investors to resell their shares at or above the purchase price;
significant percentage of common stock owned by certain shareholders and their ability to exercise significant influence over the Company;
potential proxy contest for the election of directors at our annual meeting; and
New York State law and our Articles of Incorporation and By-laws contain provisions that could make a takeover of the Company more difficult.

The foregoing factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read together with the other cautionary statements included in this report, including under the caption “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this report. There can be no assurance that we have correctly identified and appropriately assessed all factors affecting our business. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial also may adversely impact us. If one or more events related to these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may differ materially from what we anticipate. Readers should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained in this report, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform such statements to actual results or to changes in our expectations.

3


PART I
ITEM 1.     BUSINESS
Volt Information Sciences, Inc. (the “Company” or “Volt”) is a global provider of staffing services (traditional time and materials-based as well as project-based). Our staffing services consist of workforce solutions that include providing contingent workers, personnel recruitment services and managed staffing services programs supporting primarily administrative and light industrial (commercial) as well as technical, information technology and engineering (professional) positions. Our managed service programs (“MSP”) involve managing the procurement and on-boarding of contingent workers from multiple providers. Through June 2019, when we exited this business, our customer care solutions business specialized in serving as an extension of our customers’ consumer relationships and processes including collaborating with customers, from help desk inquiries to advanced technical support.
The Company was incorporated in New York in 1957. Unless the context otherwise requires, throughout this report, the words “Volt,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Volt Information Sciences, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Geographic Regions and Segments
Volt operates in approximately 60 of its own locations and has an on-site presence in over 50 customer locations. Approximately 88% of our revenue is generated in the United States where we have employees in nearly all 50 states. Our principal non-U.S. markets include Europe, Asia Pacific and Canada locations. Our global footprint enables us to deliver consistent quality to our large strategic customers that require an established international presence.

Our reportable segments are (i) North American Staffing, (ii) International Staffing and (iii) North American MSP. All other business activities that do not meet the criteria to be reportable segments are aggregated with corporate services under the category Corporate and Other. Our reportable segments have been determined in accordance with our internal management structure, which is based on operating activities. We evaluate business performance based upon several metrics, primarily using revenue and segment operating income as the relevant financial measures. We believe segment operating income provides management and investors a measure to analyze operating performance of each business segment against historical and competitors’ data, although historical results, including operating income, may not be indicative of future results as operating income is highly contingent on many factors including the state of the economy, competitive conditions and customer preferences.

We allocate all support-related costs to the operating segments except for costs not directly relating to our operating activities such as corporate-wide general and administrative costs. These costs are not allocated to individual operating segments because doing so would not enhance the understanding of segment operating performance and such costs are not used by management to measure segment performance.

We report our segment information in accordance with the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 280, Segment Reporting (“ASC 280”). See Note 18, “Segment Disclosures” for further information.

In June 2019, the Company exited its customer care solutions business, which is currently reported as a part of the Corporate and Other category. This exit allowed the Company to further strengthen its focus on its core staffing business and align its resources to streamline operations, improve cost competitiveness and increase profitability. The Company’s other non-reportable businesses will continue to be combined and disclosed with corporate services under the category Corporate and Other.
Description of the Reportable Segments and Corporate and Other Category
North American and International Staffing Segments
Our two staffing services segments provide workforce management expertise through locations in North America, Europe and Asia Pacific locations. We deliver a broad spectrum of contingent staffing, direct placement, staffing management and other employment services. Our contingent workers are placed on assignment with our customers in a broad range of occupations including manufacturing, assembly, warehousing, industrial, information technology, engineering, pharmaceutical, administrative, call center, accounting and finance.
Our contingent staffing services are provided for varying periods of time to companies and other organizations (including government agencies) ranging from smaller retail accounts that may require ten or fewer contingent workers at a time to large
4


strategic accounts that require as many as several thousand contingent workers at a time. Our large strategic accounts typically enter into longer term agreements with us resulting in lower direct margins compared to our retail accounts.
Within our staffing services segments, we refer to customers that require multi-location, coordinated account management and service delivery in multiple skill sets as strategic customers and to customers that are primarily in a single location with sales and delivery handled primarily from a geographically local team and with relatively few headcount on assignment in one or two skill sets as retail customers. We provide traditional staffing services for which we are paid predominantly on a time and materials basis. The contingent staff that we provide often work under the supervision of our customers.
Volt’s contingent staffing services enable customers to easily scale their workforce to meet changing business conditions, complete a specific project, secure the services of a specialist on an as-needed basis, substitute for regular employees during vacation or other temporary absences, staff high turnover positions, or meet seasonal peaks in workforce needs. When requested, we also provide Volt personnel at the customer’s location to coordinate and manage the administration of contingent workers. Many customers rely on Volt’s staffing services as a strategic element of their overall workforce, allowing them to more efficiently meet their fluctuating staffing requirements.
Contingent workers are recruited through proprietary internet recruiting sites, independent web-based job search companies and social networking talent communities through which we build and maintain proprietary databases of candidates from which we can fill current and future customer needs. The majority of contingent workers become Volt employees during the period of their assignment and we are responsible for the payment of wages, payroll taxes, workers’ compensation insurance, unemployment insurance and other benefits. Customers will sometimes hire Volt’s contingent workers as their own employees after a period of time, for which we usually receive a fee.
We also provide recruitment and direct placement services of specialists in the accounting, finance, administrative, call center, engineering, information technology, pharmaceutical, manufacturing, assembly and industrial support disciplines. These services are primarily provided on a contingency basis with fees earned only if our customers ultimately hire the candidates.
North American MSP Segment
Our North American MSP segment consists of managing the procurement and on-boarding of contingent workers and a broad range of specialized solutions that includes managing suppliers and providing sourcing and recruiting support, statement of work management, supplier performance measurement, optimization and analysis, benchmarking of spend demographics and market rate analysis, consolidated customer billing and supplier payment management. The workforce placed on assignment through our MSPs is usually provided by third-party staffing providers (“associate vendors”) or through our own staffing services. In most cases, we are only required to pay associate vendors after we receive payment from our customer. Our staffing services businesses also act as a subcontractor or associate vendor to other national providers in their MSPs. Our MSPs are typically administered through the use of vendor management system software (“VMS”) licensed from various VMS providers.
In addition, our North American MSP segment provides payroll service solutions as well as recruitment process outsourcing (RPO) for our customers. With our payroll service solution (also known as referred services), the customer refers an individual to us, we employ the individual and the individual works on an assignment for the customer at the customer’s worksite. We manage and administer the individual’s payroll, payroll taxes, workers’ compensation and benefits.
Corporate and Other Category
Our Corporate and Other category consists of our corporate services and remote hire services business in India, as well as our customer care solutions business through June 2019.
Our corporate services provide entity-wide general and administrative functions that support all of our segments.
Our remote hire services business in India provides skilled resources, technical infrastructure and management for various areas including back-office accounting and administration, as well as software development, engineering, web design, technical support, call center operations, sales and marketing, customer service and research.

5


Business Strategy

Strategic Priorities
We have built a leadership team of prominent staffing industry veterans to strengthen our sales leadership team with a focus on our sales strategy to enhance financial performance and build a foundation for sustainable growth. This strategy includes the following priorities:

Organizational Design - To strengthen the focus on sales and delivery performance across a spectrum of service offerings for maximum competitive advantage, we formed the Specialty Solutions Group, Strategic Solutions Group and Global Solutions Group. This design allows Volt to steer its “go-to-market” strategy and performance based on a specialized job segment view as well as transform its delivery models to achieve dedicated focus, enhanced agility for customers’ needs and low-cost delivery benefits.

Delivery Excellence - Improve talent acquisition and delivery with a more focused, customized, agile delivery approach by integrating recruiting tools to increase our speed to match candidates and to mobilize data analytics to drive strategy around job postings and return on investments. This initiative will continue to evolve based on the needs of our clients and the expectations of candidates in the market.

Business Optimization - Drive further efficiencies, productivity and cost savings by optimizing technology to drive performance through increased integration of available digital tools, reporting and processes and migrating from manual, customized processes to automated, standard processes. These enhancements should yield meaningful cost savings, a portion of which can then be re-invested into important recruiting and candidate acquisition resources.

Growth and Expansion - Achieve revenue and margin growth with new and existing client relationships, through realigned sales and delivery efforts. We are re-establishing our sales culture by realigning the sales teams based upon client buying patterns with an emphasis on building client relationships. To further incentivize growth within the sales teams, we overhauled our bonus plans to align with a ‘pay for performance’ structure and we have introduced a higher level of visibility and accountability into the sales culture.
Customers
The Company serves multinational, national and local customers, providing staffing services (traditional time and materials-based as well as project-based) and managed service programs (as well as customer care solutions through June 2019). The Company had no single customer that accounted for more than 10% of consolidated net revenue in fiscal 2020 or 2019. Our top 10 customers, which are not the same in each year, represented approximately 41% and 39% of revenue in fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively. The loss of one or more of these customers, unless the business is replaced, could have an adverse effect on our results of operations or cash flows.
In fiscal 2020, the International Staffing segment’s revenue included two customers which accounted for approximately 24% and 12% of the total revenue of that segment. The North American MSP segment’s revenue included four customers which accounted for approximately 22%, 14%, 12% and 10% of the total revenue of that segment.
In fiscal 2019, the International Staffing segment’s revenue included three customers which accounted for approximately 15%, 13% and 11% of the total revenue of that segment. The North American MSP segment’s revenue included two customers which accounted for approximately 24% and 11% of the total revenue of that segment.
In both fiscal 2020 and 2019, 88% of our total revenue was from customers in the United States.
Competition
The markets for Volt's staffing services are highly competitive with few barriers to entry. The industry is large and fragmented, comprised of thousands of firms employing millions of people and generating billions of dollars in annual revenue. In most areas, no single company has a dominant share of the employment services market. The largest companies in the industry collectively represent less than half of all staffing services revenues and there are many smaller companies competing in varying degrees at local levels or in particular market sectors. Dominant leaders in the industry include Adecco, Allegis, Kelly Services, Inc., Manpower Group and Randstad.
6


In addition, there are numerous smaller local companies in the various geographic markets in which we operate. Companies in our industries primarily compete on price, service quality, new capabilities and technologies, marketing methods and speed of fulfilling assignments.
Intellectual Property

VOLT is the principal registered trademark for our brand in the United States. ARCTERN, REMOTEHIRE and VOLTSOURCE are other registered trademarks in the United States. The Company also owns and uses common law trademarks and service marks.
We also own copyrights and license technology from many providers. We rely on a combination of intellectual property rights in the United States and abroad to protect our brand and proprietary information.

Seasonality
Our staffing services revenue and operating income are typically lowest in our first fiscal quarter due to the holiday season and are affected by customer facility closures during the holidays (in some cases for up to two weeks) and closures caused by severe weather conditions. The demand for our staffing services typically increases during our third and fourth fiscal quarters when customers increase the use of our administrative and industrial labor during the summer vacation period. The first few months of the calendar year typically have the lowest margins as employer payroll tax contributions restart each year in January. Margins typically increase in subsequent fiscal quarters as annual payroll tax contribution maximums are met, particularly for higher salaried employees.
Employees and Human Capital Resource Management

Volt operates on the fundamental philosophy that people are our most valuable asset as every person who works for us has the potential to impact our success as well as the success of our clients. As a staffing company, identifying quality talent is at the core of everything we do and our success is dependent upon our ability to attract, develop and retain highly qualified employees, both in-house and for our clients. The Company’s core values of integrity, customer centric, ownership, innovation, empowerment, collaborative change and teamwork establish the foundation on which the culture is built and represent the key expectations we have of our employees. We believe our culture and commitment to our employees attract and retain our qualified talent, while simultaneously providing significant value to our Company and its shareholders.

Demographics
As of November 1, 2020, Volt employed approximately 15,600 people, including approximately 14,500 who were on contingent staffing assignments with our clients, and the remainder as full-time in-house employees. The workers on contingent staffing assignments are on our payroll for the length of their assignment with the client.

Diversity and Inclusion

Volt values building diverse teams, embracing different perspectives and fostering an inclusive, empowering work environment for our employees and clients. We have a long-standing commitment to equal employment opportunity as evidenced by the Company’s EEO policy. Of our in house employee population, approximately 70% are women and approximately 40% have self-identified as Hispanic or Latino, Native American, Pacific Islander, Asian, Black or African American, or of two or more races. As part of Volt’s commitment to continued enhancements in this area, we recently launched our Expert Momentum Diversity and Inclusion Program. This program involved the creation of a task force made up of a group of employees from across the organization. The program has established initiatives to strengthen the promotion of workplace diversity for our employees and clients, to create a collaborative environment that promotes authenticity and a culture that celebrates our differences, and embraces a collaborative environment with unique experiences and diverse perspectives. The program’s task force will enhance company-wide engagement on diversity and inclusion, provide education opportunities for our employees, help identify areas for improvement and monitor progress against these initiatives.

Compensation and Benefits

Critical to our success is identifying, recruiting, retaining, and incentivizing our existing and future employees. We strive to attract and retain the most talented employees in the industry by offering competitive compensation and benefits. Our pay-for-performance compensation philosophy is based on rewarding each employee’s individual contributions and striving to achieve equal pay for equal work regardless of gender, race or ethnicity. We use a combination of fixed and variable pay including base
7


salary, bonus, commissions and merit increases which vary across the business. In addition as part of our long-term incentive plan for executives and certain employees, we provide share-based compensation to foster our pay-for-performance culture and to attract, retain and motivate our key leaders.

As the success of our business is fundamentally connected to the well-being of our people, we offer benefits that support their physical, financial and emotional well-being. We provide our employees with access to flexible and convenient medical programs intended to meet their needs and the needs of their families. In addition to standard medical coverage, we offer eligible employees dental and vision coverage, health savings and flexible spending accounts, paid time off, employee assistance programs, voluntary short-term and long-term disability insurance and term life insurance. Additionally, we offer a 401(k) Savings Plan and Deferred Compensation Plan to certain employees. Our benefits vary by location and are designed to meet or exceed local laws and to be competitive in the marketplace.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, government legislation and key authorities, we implemented changes that we determined were in the best interest of our employees, as well as the communities in which we operate. This included having the majority of our employees work from home for several months, while implementing additional safety measures for employees continuing critical on-site work. We continue to embrace a flexible working arrangement for a majority of our in-house employees, as well as a portion of our contingent workforce where we continue to provide key services to customers remotely.

Commitment to Values and Ethics

Along with our core values, we act in accordance with our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (“Code of Conduct”), which sets forth expectations and guidance for employees to make appropriate decisions. Our Code of Conduct covers topics such as anti-corruption, discrimination, harassment, privacy, appropriate use of company assets, protecting confidential information, and reporting Code of Conduct violations. The Code of Conduct reflects our commitment to operating in a fair, honest, responsible and ethical manner and also provides direction for reporting complaints in the event of alleged violations of our policies (including through an anonymous hotline). Our executive officers and supervisors maintain “open door” policies and any form of retaliation is strictly prohibited.

Professional Development and Training

We believe a key factor in employee retention is training and professional development for our talent. We have training programs across all levels of the Company to meet the needs of various roles, specialized skill sets and departments across the Company. We provide compliance education as well as general workplace safety training to our contingent employees and offer OSHA training to key employees and clients. Volt is committed to the security and confidentiality of our employees’ personal information and employs software tools and periodic employee training programs to promote security and information protection at all levels. We utilize certain employee turnover rates and productivity metrics in assessing our employee programs to ensure that they are structured to instill high levels of in-house employee tenure, low levels of voluntary turnover and the optimization of productivity and performance across our entire workforce. Additionally, we have implemented a new performance evaluation program which adopts a modern approach to valuing and strengthening individual performance through on-going interactive progress assessments related to established goals and objectives.

Communication and Engagement

We strongly believe that Volt’s success depends on employees understanding how their work contributes to the Company’s overall strategy. To this end, we communicate with our workforce through a variety of channels and encourage open and direct communication, including: (i) quarterly company-wide CEO update calls; (ii) regular company-wide calls with executives; (iii) frequent email corporate communications and (iv) employee engagement surveys.

Regulation
Some states in the United States and certain foreign countries license and regulate contingent staffing service firms and employment agencies. Compliance with applicable present federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations has not had, and we believe that compliance with those laws and regulations in the future will not have, a material effect on our competitive position, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
8


Access to Our Information
We electronically file our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports with the SEC. These and other SEC reports filed by us are available to the public free of charge at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and in the Investors section on our website at www.volt.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after filing with the SEC. You may read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549.
Copies of our Code of Conduct and other significant corporate documents (our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee Charter, Audit Committee Charter, Human Resources and Compensation Committee Charter, Whistleblower Policy, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Policy, Equal Employment Opportunity Policy, Privacy Policy and Insider Trading Policy) are also available in the Corporate Governance section at our website. Copies are also available without charge upon request to Volt Information Sciences, Inc., 2401 N. Glassell Street, Orange, CA 92865, Attention: Shareholder Relations, or by calling us at 714-921-8800.
9


ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
Risk Factors
We maintain a risk management program which incorporates assessments by our officers, senior management and board of directors, as periodically updated. The following risks have been identified. You should carefully consider these risks along with the other information contained in this report. The following risks could materially and adversely affect our business and, as a result, our financial condition, results of operations and the market price of our common stock. Other risks and uncertainties not known to us or that we currently do not recognize as material could also materially adversely affect our business and, as a result, our financial condition, results of operations and the market price of our common stock.

Risks Related to the Company’s Industry and Business Environment
Our business, results of operations and financial condition has been and may continue to be adversely impacted by global public health epidemics, including the strain of coronavirus known as COVID-19, and future adverse impacts could be material and difficult to predict

The global spread of the coronavirus (“COVID-19”), which was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020, has created significant volatility, uncertainty and global macroeconomic disruption due to related government actions (including declared states of emergency and quarantine, “shelter in place” or similar orders), non-governmental agency recommendations and public perceptions and disruption in global economic and labor market conditions. These effects have had, and continue to have, an adverse impact on our business, including reduced demand for our services, worker absences, client shutdowns and reduced operations, a reduction in bill rates and a shift of a majority of our in-house workforce to remote operations. Other impacts of the spread of COVID-19 include continued or expanded closures of our clients’ facilities, the increased possibility our clients will not be able to pay for our services and solutions, or that they will attempt to defer payments owed to us, any of which could materially impact our liquidity. Further, we may continue to experience adverse financial impacts if we cannot offset revenue declines with cost savings through expense-related initiatives, human capital management initiatives or otherwise. Additionally, adverse changes in economic or operating conditions impacting our estimates and assumptions can result in the impairment of our goodwill or long-lived assets, including our lease right of use assets. A decline in the fair market rent of real estate properties has impacted the amount of impairment charges we are required to record on certain of our lease assets as a result of these adverse economic conditions. In addition, this global pandemic has also resulted in a significant number of new regulations and rules, the cost of compliance and monitoring of which may have a continued impact on our business and existing resources.

Risks Related to the Company’s Capital Structure and Finances
Our credit facility contains financial covenants that may limit our ability to take certain actions
We remain dependent upon our financing agreement which includes certain financial covenants. These covenants could constrain the execution of our business strategy and growth plans. Our ability to continue to meet these financial covenants is not assured. If we default under any of these requirements, our lenders could restrict our ability to access funds in our customer collections account, declare all outstanding borrowings, accrued interest and fees due and payable, or significantly increase the cost of the facility. Under such circumstances, there could be no assurance that we would have sufficient liquidity to repay or refinance the indebtedness at favorable rates or at all. If we are forced to refinance these borrowings on less favorable terms, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected by increased costs and rates. As of November 1, 2020, we were in compliance with all covenant requirements, as amended.
Turmoil in the financial markets could limit our ability to fully utilize available credit, which could negatively affect our operations and limit our liquidity
We rely on financing for future working capital, capital expenditures and other corporate purposes. Turmoil in financial markets may create additional risks to our business in the future which may limit our ability to fully utilize available credit provided by our financing program. Volatility in the credit markets or a contraction in the availability of credit or higher borrowing costs due to increasing interest rates may make it more difficult for us to meet our working capital requirements and could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position.
10


Our ability to retain acceptable insurance coverage limits at commercially reasonable cost and terms may adversely impact our financial results
We cannot be certain we will be able to obtain appropriate types or levels of insurance in the future, that adequate replacement policies will be available on acceptable terms, if at all, and at commercially reasonable cost, or that the companies from which we have obtained insurance will be able to pay claims we make under such policies. Our coverage under certain insurance policies is limited and the losses that we may face may not be covered, may be subject to high deductibles or may exceed the limits purchased.
Some customers require extensive insurance coverage and request insurance endorsements that are not available under standard monoline policies. There can be no assurance that we will be able to negotiate acceptable compromises with customers or negotiate appropriate changes in our insurance contracts. This may adversely affect our ability to take on new customers or accepted changes in insurance terms with existing customers.

Risks Related to the Company’s Operations
The loss of major customers could adversely impact our business
We experience revenue concentration with large customers within certain operating segments, as well as concentrations of interrelated customers. Although we have no customer that represents over 10% of our consolidated revenues, there are customers that exceed 10% of revenues within both the International Staffing and North American MSP segments. The deterioration of the financial condition or significant change to the business or staffing model of these customers or multiple customers in a similar industry, or similar customers that are interdependent could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our results of operations and ability to grow may be negatively affected if we are not able to keep pace with rapid changes in technology
The Company’s success depends on our ability to keep pace with rapid technological changes in the development, implementation and operation of our services and solutions. We must innovate and evolve our services and products to satisfy customer requirements, attract talent and remain competitive. There can be no assurance that we will be able to foresee changes needed to identify, develop and commercialize innovative and competitive services and products in a timely and cost-effective manner to achieve customer acceptance in markets characterized by rapidly changing technology and frequent new product and service introductions.
Unexpected changes in workers’ compensation and other insurance plans may negatively impact our financial condition

We purchase workers’ compensation insurance through mandated participation in certain state funds and the experience-rated premiums in these state plans relieve the Company of any additional liability. Liability for workers’ compensation in all other states as well as automobile and general liability is insured under a paid loss deductible casualty insurance program for losses exceeding specified deductible levels. We are financially responsible for losses below the specified deductible limits.
The Company is self-insured for a portion of its medical benefit programs. The liability for the self-insured medical benefits is limited on a per-claimant basis through the purchase of stop-loss insurance. The Company’s retained liability for the self-insured medical benefits is determined by utilizing actuarial estimates of expected claims based on statistical analysis of historical data.
Unexpected changes related to our workers’ compensation, medical and disability benefit plans may negatively impact our financial condition. Changes in the severity and frequency of claims, state laws regarding benefit levels and allowable claims, actuarial estimates, or medical cost inflation could result in costs that are significantly higher. If future claims-related liabilities increase beyond our expectations, or if we must make unfavorable adjustments to accruals for prior accident years, our costs could increase significantly. There can be no assurance that we will be able to increase the fees charged to our customers in a timely manner and in a sufficient amount to cover the increased costs that result from any changes in claims-related liabilities.
Many of our contracts provide no minimum purchase requirements, are cancellable during the term, or both
In our staffing services business, most of our contracts, even those with multi-year terms, provide no assurance of any minimum amount of revenue and under many of these contracts we still must compete for each individual placement or project. In addition, many of our contracts contain cancellation provisions under which the customer can cancel the contract at any time or on relatively short notice, even if we are not in default under the contract. Therefore, these contracts do not provide the
11


assurances that typical long-term contracts often provide and are inherently uncertain with respect to the amount of revenues and earnings we may realize.

Risks Related to the Company’s Information Technology, Cybersecurity and Data Protection
We could incur liabilities, or our reputation could be damaged, from a cyber-attack or improper disclosure or loss of sensitive or confidential company, employee, associate, candidate or client data, including personal data
Our business involves the use, storage and transfer of certain information about our full-time and contingent employees, customers and other individuals. We rely upon multiple information technology systems and networks, some of which are web-based or managed by third parties, to process, transmit and store electronic information and to manage or support a variety of critical business processes and activities. This information contains sensitive or confidential employee and customer data, including personally identifiable information. The secure and consistent operation of these systems, networks and processes is critical to our business operations. Our systems and networks have been, and will continue to be, the target of cyber-attacks, computer viruses, worms, phishing attacks, malicious software programs and other cyber-security incidents that could result in the unauthorized release, gathering, monitoring, use, loss or destruction of our customers’ or employees’ sensitive and personal data. Successful cyber-attacks or other data breaches, as well as risks associated with compliance with applicable data privacy laws, could harm our reputation, divert management attention and resources, increase our operating expenses due to the employment of consultants and third-party experts and the purchase of additional infrastructure and/or subject us to legal liability, resulting in increased costs and loss of revenues.
While we proactively safeguard our data and have enhanced security software and controls, it is possible that our security controls over sensitive or confidential data and other practices we and our third-party service providers follow may not prevent improper access to, or disclosure of, such information. Any such disclosure or security breach could subject us to significant monetary damages or losses, litigation, regulatory enforcement actions or fines. In addition, our liability insurance might not be sufficient in scope or amount to cover us against claims related to security breaches, social engineering, cyber-attacks and other related data disclosure, loss or breach.
As cyber-attacks increase in frequency and sophistication, our cyber-security and business continuity plans may not be effective in anticipating, preventing and effectively responding to all potential cyber-risk exposures. Further, data privacy is subject to frequently changing rules and regulations, which are not uniform and may possibly conflict in jurisdictions and countries where we provide services. Our failure to adhere to or successfully implement processes in response to changing regulatory requirements in this area could result in legal liability or impairment to our reputation in the marketplace.
Additionally, our employees and certain of our third-party service providers may have access or exposure to sensitive customer data and systems. The misuse or unauthorized disclosure of information could result in contractual and legal liability for us due to the actions or inactions of our employees or vendors.
We rely extensively on our information technology systems which are vulnerable to damage and interruption
We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet and cloud services, to process, transmit and store electronic and financial information, manage a variety of business processes and activities and comply with regulatory, legal and tax requirements. We depend on our information technology infrastructure for digital marketing activities, collection and retention of customer data, employee information and for electronic communications among our locations, personnel, customers and suppliers around the world. While we take various precautions and have enhanced controls around our systems, our information technology systems may be susceptible to damage, disruptions or shutdowns due to failures during the process of upgrading or replacing software, databases or components thereof, power outages, hardware failures, computer viruses, attacks by computer hackers, telecommunication failures, user errors or catastrophic events. Our sales, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected and we could experience delays in reporting our financial results, if our information technology systems suffer severe damage, disruption or shutdown and our business continuity plans do not effectively resolve the issues in a timely manner.

12


Risks Related to Our Common Stock
Our stock price has experienced volatility and, as a result, investors may not be able to resell their shares at or above the price they paid for them
Our stock price may fluctuate as a result of a variety of factors, including:
our failure to meet the expectations of the investment community or our estimates of our future results of operations;
industry trends and the business success of our customers;
loss of one or more key customers;
strategic moves by our competitors, such as product or service announcements or acquisitions;
regulatory developments;
litigation;
general economic conditions;
other domestic and international macroeconomic factors unrelated to our performance; and
any of the other previously noted risk factors.
The stock market has experienced and is likely to experience in the future, volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These broad market fluctuations, as well as our relatively low daily trading volume, may also adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
Certain shareholders, whose interests may differ from those of other shareholders, own a significant percentage of our common stock and may be able to exercise significant influence over Volt
Ownership of a significant amount of our outstanding common stock is concentrated among certain shareholders, including related family members and certain funds. Although there can be no assurance as to how these shareholders will vote, if they were to vote in the same manner, certain combinations of such persons might be able to control or materially influence the outcome of advisory votes or matters requiring shareholder approval. The interests or motivations of such individual shareholders may not align with those of our shareholders generally.
Our business could be negatively affected as a result of a potential proxy contest for the election of directors at our annual meeting or other shareholder activism
A proxy contest would require us to incur significant legal fees and proxy solicitation expenses and require significant time and attention by management and the Board of Directors. The potential of a proxy contest or other shareholder activism could interfere with our ability to execute our strategic plan, give rise to perceived uncertainties as to our future direction, adversely affect our relationships with key business partners, result in the loss of potential business opportunities or make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business and operating results.
The market price of our common stock could be subject to significant fluctuation or otherwise be adversely affected by the events, risks and uncertainties related to stockholder activism.
New York State law, our Articles of Incorporation and By-laws contain provisions that could make corporate ownership changes at Volt more difficult
Certain provisions of New York State law and our articles of incorporation and by-laws could have the effect of delaying or preventing a third party from acquiring Volt, even if a change in control would be beneficial to our shareholders.
The provisions of the New York Business Corporation Law, to which we are subject, require the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of all of our outstanding shares entitled to vote to adopt a plan of merger or consolidation between us and another entity or to approve any sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of all or substantially all of our assets not made in the ordinary course of business. Accordingly, our substantial shareholders, if they were to act together, could prevent approval of such transactions even if such transactions are in the best interest of our other shareholders.

In addition, our articles of incorporation and by-laws provide:
 
an advance notice requirement for shareholder proposals and director nominees;
that removal of directors shall only be for cause; and
that vacancies on the Board of Directors be filled for the unexpired term by a majority vote of the remaining directors then in office.
13



General Risk Factors
The contingent staffing industry is very competitive with few significant barriers to entry

The markets for Volt’s staffing services are highly competitive with few barriers to entry. Our industry is large and fragmented, comprised of thousands of firms employing millions of people and generating billions of dollars in annual revenue. In most areas, no single company has a dominant share of the employment services market. Some of our competitors are larger than us, have substantial marketing and financial resources and may be better positioned in certain markets than we are. These companies may be better able than we are to attract and retain qualified personnel, to offer more favorable pricing and terms, or otherwise attract and retain the business that we seek. Any inability to compete effectively could adversely affect our business and financial results. Clients may also take advantage of low-cost alternatives including using their own in-house resources rather than engaging a third party. In addition, some of our staffing services customers, generally larger companies, are mandated or otherwise motivated to utilize the services of small or minority-owned companies rather than large corporations. There can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to compete effectively in our business segments.

We are dependent upon the quality of our human capital
Our operations are dependent upon our ability to attract and retain skilled personnel, for temporary assignments and projects, as well as internally, including in the areas of maintenance and protection of our systems. The availability of such skilled personnel is dependent upon a number of economic and demographic conditions. We may, in the future, find it difficult or costlier to hire such personnel in the face of competition from our competitors, which could directly impact our gross margins and overall results of operations.
In addition, variations in the unemployment rate and higher wages sought by contingent workers in certain technical fields that continue to experience labor shortages could affect our ability to meet our customers’ demands in these fields and adversely affect our results of operations.
We are subject to employment–related claims, commercial indemnification claims and other claims and losses that could have a material adverse effect on our business
Our staffing services business employs or engages individuals on a contingent basis and places them in a customer’s workplace. Our ability to control the customer’s workplace is limited and we risk incurring liability to our employees for injury (which can result in increased workers’ compensation costs) or other harm that they suffer in the scope of employment at the customer’s workplace or while under the customer’s control.
Additionally, we risk liability to our customers for the actions or inactions of our employees, including those individuals employed on a contingent basis that may cause harm to our customers or other employees. Such actions may be the result of errors and omissions in the application of laws, rules, policies and procedures, discrimination, retaliation, negligence or misconduct on the part of our employees, damage to customer facilities or property due to negligence, criminal activity and other similar claims. In some cases, we must indemnify our customers for certain acts of our employees and certain customers have negotiated broad indemnification provisions. We may also incur fines, penalties and losses that are not covered by insurance or negative publicity with respect to these matters. There can be no assurance that the policies and procedures we have in place will be effective or that we will not experience losses due to such risks. In addition, we may face claims related to violations of wage and hour regulations, Fair Credit Reporting Act violations, discrimination, harassment, negligence or misconduct by our employees and claims relating to the misclassification of independent contractors, among other types of claims.
Our operational results could be negatively impacted by currency fluctuations and other global business risks and regulations
Our global operations subject us to risks relating to our international business activities, including global economic conditions, fluctuations in currency exchange rates and numerous legal and regulatory requirements placed upon the Company’s international clients.
Variation in the economic condition or unemployment levels in any of the foreign countries in which the Company does business may severely reduce the demand for the Company’s services.
Our business is exposed to fluctuation in exchange rates. Our operations outside the United States are reported in the applicable local currencies and then translated into U.S. dollars at the applicable currency exchange rates for inclusion in our Consolidated
14


Financial Statements. Exchange rates for currencies of these countries may fluctuate in relation to the U.S. dollar and these fluctuations may have an adverse or favorable effect on our operating results when translating foreign currencies into U.S. dollars.
In addition, the Company faces risks in complying with various foreign laws and technical standards and unpredictable changes in foreign regulations, including U.S. legal requirements governing U.S. companies operating in foreign countries, legal and cultural differences in the conduct of business, potential adverse tax consequences, difficulty in staffing and managing international operations.
We are additionally subject to numerous legal and regulatory requirements that prohibit bribery and corrupt acts. These include the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act 2010, as well as similar legislation in many of the countries and territories in which we operate. While we have training programs and appropriate internal controls in place, there can be no assurances that these will be effective to prevent and detect all potential business practices that are prohibited by our policies and these laws and regulations.
The United Kingdom’s (“U.K.”) referendum to exit from the European Union (“E.U.”) will continue to have uncertain effects and could adversely impact our business, results of operations and financial condition
As a result of a referendum in June 2016, the U.K. withdrew from the E.U. (“Brexit”) on January 31, 2020. It began a transition period in which to negotiate a new trading relationship for goods and services that ended on December 31, 2020. During the time since the June 2016 referendum, there have been periods of significant volatility in the global stock markets and currency exchange rates, as well as challenging market conditions in the U.K. On December 24, 2020, the U.K. and E.U. announced they had entered into a post-Brexit deal on certain aspects of trade and other strategic and political issues. We are currently in the process of evaluating our own risks and uncertainty related to ascertain what financial, trade, regulatory and legal implications this new Brexit trade deal could have on our U.K. and European business operations. This uncertainty also includes the impact on our customers’ business operations and capital planning as well as the overall impact on the staffing industry. While we have not experienced any direct material financial impact since the 2016 referendum, we cannot predict its future implications, however Brexit and its related effects could result in a negative impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.
New or increased government regulation, employment costs or taxes could have a material adverse effect on our business, especially for our contingent staffing business
Certain of our businesses are subject to licensing and regulation in some states and most foreign jurisdictions. There can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to comply with these requirements, or that the cost of compliance will not become material. Additionally, the jurisdictions in which we do or intend to do business may:
 
create new or additional regulations that mandate additional requirements or prohibit or restrict the types of services that we currently provide;
change regulations in ways that cause short-term disruption or impose costs to comply;
impose new or additional employment costs that we may not be able to pass on to customers or that could cause customers to reduce their use of our services;
require us to obtain additional licenses; or
increase taxes (especially payroll and other employment-related taxes) or enact new or different taxes payable by the providers or users of services such as those offered by us, thereby increasing our costs, some of which we may not be able to pass on to customers or that could cause customers to reduce their use of our services especially in our staffing services, which could adversely impact our results of operations or cash flows.
From time to time, the staffing industry has come under criticism from unions, works councils, regulatory agencies and other constituents that maintain that labor and employment protections, such as wage and benefits regulations, are subverted when customers use contingent staffing services. Our business is dependent on the continued acceptance of contingent staffing arrangements as a source of flexible labor for our customers. If attitudes or business practices in some locations change due to pressure from organized labor, political groups or regulatory agencies, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In some of our foreign markets, new and proposed regulatory activity, including the pending off-payroll working rules (IR35 legislation) in Europe, may impose additional requirements and costs, which could have an adverse effect on our contingent staffing business.
15


Failure to maintain adequate financial and management processes and internal controls could lead to errors in our financial reporting
The accuracy of our financial reporting is dependent on the effectiveness of our internal controls. We are required to provide a report from management to our shareholders on our internal control over financial reporting that includes an assessment of the effectiveness of these controls. Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations, including human error, the possibility that controls could be circumvented or become inadequate because of changed conditions, resource challenges and fraud. Because of these inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting might not prevent or detect all misstatements or fraud. If we cannot maintain and execute adequate internal control over financial reporting or implement required new or improved controls that provide reasonable assurance of the reliability of the financial reporting and preparation of our financial statements for external use, we could suffer harm to our reputation, fail to meet our public reporting requirements in a timely fashion, be unable to properly report on our business and our results of operations, or be required to restate our financial statements. These circumstances could lead to a significant decrease in the trading price of our shares, or the delisting of our shares from the NYSE AMERICAN, which would harm our shareholders.

ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.

ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES

Our corporate headquarters is located in approximately 200,000 square feet at 2401 N. Glassell Street, Orange, California 92865. We currently operate out of approximately 50,000 square feet of that space after our recent real estate rationalization initiatives. Operations from this location are primarily corporate functions, as well as our North American Staffing and North American MSP segments. The lease on this facility expires in 2031.
We lease space in approximately 70 other facilities, excluding month-to-month leases, each of which consists of less than 20,000 square feet. The Company’s leases expire at various times from 2021 until 2031.
At times, we have leased space that we no longer require for our own business and sublease to others when favorable business terms can be achieved based on the specific attributes of each lease. We believe that our facilities are adequate for our presently anticipated uses and we are not dependent upon any individual leased premises.
For additional information pertaining to lease commitments, see our Note 2 Leases in our Consolidated Financial Statements.

ITEM 3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
From time to time, the Company is subject to claims in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business, including payroll-related and various employment-related matters. All litigation currently pending against the Company relates to matters that have arisen in the ordinary course of business and the Company believes that such matters will not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

ITEM 4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
16


PART II

ITEM 5.     MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market for Common Stock
 
As the Company is a “smaller reporting company,” for the annual period ending November 1, 2020, it is not required to provide the performance graph under Item 201(e) of Regulation S-K.
Our common stock is traded on the NYSE AMERICAN under the symbol “VOLT”. Prior to September 9, 2019, our common stock was traded on the NYSE AMERICAN under the symbol “VISI”. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices or the high and low bid quotations for our common stock for the fiscal years ended November 1, 2020 and November 3, 2019. The over-the-counter market bid quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.
Fiscal Period First QuarterSecond QuarterThird QuarterFourth Quarter 
2020High$3.10 $2.51 $1.71 $1.74 
Low$2.28 $0.68 $0.70 $1.12 
2019High$3.70 $5.00 $4.84 $4.64 
Low$2.15 $3.67 $4.15 $2.76 
On January 8, 2021, there were 235 holders of record of our common stock, exclusive of shareholders whose shares were held by brokerage firms, depositories and other institutional firms in “street name” for their customers.
Dividends

Cash dividends have not been declared or paid for the two years ended November 1, 2020 and through the date of this report.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

There were no shares purchased in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020.
17


ITEM 6.    SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following selected financial data reflects the results of operations and balance sheet data for the fiscal years ended November 1, 2020, November 3, 2019 and October 28, 2018. The data below should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified by reference to, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto. The financial information presented may not be indicative of our future performance.
Volt Information Sciences, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Selected Financial Data
For the year ended,
(in thousands, except per share data)
November 1,
2020
November 3, 2019October 28,
2018
52 weeks53 weeks52 weeks
STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA
Net revenue$822,055 $997,090 $1,039,170 
Operating loss$(29,369)$(9,833)$(28,407)
Net loss$(33,587)$(15,186)$(32,685)
PER SHARE DATA:
Basic:
Net loss$(1.56)$(0.72)$(1.55)
Weighted average number of shares21,507 21,119 21,051 
Diluted:
Net loss$(1.56)$(0.72)$(1.55)
Weighted average number of shares21,507 21,119 21,051 

(in thousands)
November 1,
2020
November 3, 2019October 28,
2018
BALANCE SHEET DATA
Cash and cash equivalents$38,550 $28,672 $24,763 
Working capital$101,756 $89,352 $104,171 
Total assets$241,845 $218,004 $236,696 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion$60,000 $55,000 $50,000 
Total stockholders’ equity$27,874 $36,189 $50,499 
Note - Cash dividends were not declared or paid during the above periods.
18


ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto.

Note Regarding the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We have provided certain Non-GAAP financial information, which includes adjustments for special items and certain line items on a constant currency basis, as additional information for segment revenue, our consolidated net income (loss) and segment operating income (loss). These measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative for, measures prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and may be different from Non-GAAP measures reported by other companies. Our Non-GAAP measures are generally presented on a constant currency basis, and exclude (i) the impact of businesses sold or exited, (ii) the impact from the migration of certain clients from a traditional staffing model to a managed service model (“MSP transitions”) and (iii) the elimination of special items. Special items generally include impairments, restructuring and severance costs, as well as certain income or expenses which the Company does not consider indicative of the current and future period performance. We believe that the difference in revenue recognition accounting under each model of the MSP transitions could be misleading on a comparative period basis. We further believe that the use of Non-GAAP measures provides useful information to management and investors regarding certain financial and business trends relating to our financial condition and results of operations because they permit evaluation of the results of operations without the effect of currency fluctuations or special items that management believes make it more difficult to understand and evaluate our results of operations.

Segments

Our reportable segments are (i) North American Staffing, (ii) International Staffing and (iii) North American MSP. All other business activities that do not meet the criteria to be reportable segments are aggregated with corporate services under the category Corporate and Other. Our reportable segments have been determined in accordance with our internal management structure, which is based on operating activities. We evaluate business performance based upon several metrics, primarily using revenue and segment operating income as the primary financial measures. We believe segment operating income provides management and investors a measure to analyze operating performance of each business segment against historical and competitors’ data, although historical results, including operating income, may not be indicative of future results as operating income is highly contingent on many factors including the state of the economy, competitive conditions and customer preferences.

We allocate all support-related costs to the operating segments except for costs not directly relating to our operating activities such as corporate-wide general and administrative costs. These costs are not allocated to individual operating segments because we believe that doing so would not enhance the understanding of segment operating performance and such costs are not used by management to measure segment performance.

We report our segment information in accordance with the provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification 280, Segment Reporting (“ASC 280”), aligning with the way the Company evaluates its business performance and manages its operations.

In June 2019, the Company exited its customer care solutions business, which was reported as a part of the Corporate and Other category. This exit allowed the Company to further strengthen its focus on its core staffing business and align its resources to streamline operations, improve cost competitiveness and increase profitability. The Company’s other non-reportable businesses will continue to be combined and disclosed with corporate services under the category Corporate and Other.

Overview

We are a global provider of staffing services (traditional time and materials-based as well as project-based). Our staffing services consist of workforce solutions that include providing contingent workers, personnel recruitment services and managed staffing services programs supporting primarily administrative and light industrial (commercial) as well as technical, information technology and engineering (professional) positions. Our managed service programs (“MSP”) involves managing the procurement and on-boarding of contingent workers from multiple providers. Through June 2019, when we exited this business, our customer care solutions business specialized in serving as an extension of our customers’ consumer relationships and processes including collaborating with customers, from help desk inquiries to advanced technical support.

19


As of November 1, 2020, we employed approximately 15,600 people, including 14,500 contingent workers. Contingent workers are on our payroll for the length of their assignment. We operate in approximately 60 of our own locations and have an on-site presence in over 50 customer locations. Approximately 88% of our revenue is generated in the United States. Our principal international markets include Europe, Asia Pacific and Canada locations. The industry is highly fragmented and very competitive in all of the markets we serve.

COVID-19 and Our Response

The global spread of COVID-19, which was declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (“WHO”) on March 11, 2020, has created significant volatility, uncertainty and global macroeconomic disruption. Our business experienced significant changes in revenue trends at the mid-point of our second quarter of fiscal 2020 as market conditions rapidly deteriorated and continued to decline through the beginning of our third quarter of fiscal 2020. During the second half of fiscal 2020, revenue has increased sequentially month over month as a result of a combination of existing customers returning to work, expanding business with existing customers and winning new customers.

Beginning in mid-March 2020 and continuing throughout the year, a number of countries and U.S. federal, state and local governments issued stay-at-home orders requiring persons who were not engaged in essential activities and businesses as defined in those specific orders to remain at home. Many other countries and jurisdictions without stay-at-home orders required nonessential businesses to close or otherwise reduce operations and capacity. Our first priority, with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic, was to ensure the health and safety of our employees, clients, suppliers and others with whom we partner in our business activities to continue our business operations in this unprecedented business environment. Our business was largely converted to a remote in-house workforce and remained open as we provided key services to essential businesses, both remotely and onsite at our customers’ locations.

We created a COVID-19 Incident Response Team comprised of key senior leaders in the organization, to track and manage our COVID-19 activities, including monitoring the most up-to-date developments and safety standards from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, WHO, Occupational Safety and Health Administration and other key authorities. All internal and external information and communications relating to our COVID-19 safety protocols, FAQs and reporting on COVID-19 incidents are managed by this central team. In addition to updating our external website, we actively shared information via regular emails, conference and video calls and other digital communications with clients and employees on how companies and workers can protect themselves during this time. While certain locations remained fully operational throughout the pandemic, other offices have opened on a limited voluntary basis. We continue to monitor the environment to determine whether to close offices, reduce capacity or change required mitigation measures based on federal, state and local regulations as well as guidance from the key authorities described above.

The impact on sales has varied for each segment based on different levels of COVID-19 related measures enacted across geographies, the diverse customer industries we serve, as well as the quality and capability of the talent provided to successfully work remotely to support the customers’ needs. In our largest segment, North American Staffing, essential businesses represented approximately 80% of the segment’s portfolio of business and in our International Staffing segment most of our contractors were able to work from home during the lockdown.

We shifted our sales approach to include a response to the pandemic and secured new business wins in opportunities that arose as a direct result of COVID-19. These work orders included making face shields and masks to help protect our healthcare professionals, requests to meet the needs of additional cleaning requirements and safety protocols, as well as expanding into other COVID-19 impacted industries. Our focus on sales and recruitment has shifted to be centered around businesses that are actively hiring in the current environment and these COVID-19 specific opportunities remained available throughout 2020 and may remain in some form into 2021 until a vaccine is available and widely distributed.

Prior to the outbreak of COVID-19, we were focused on reducing our operating expenses and as the impact of the pandemic began to unfold, we took additional measures to manage our costs, including:

Reduced compensation for the CEO, CFO and members of the Board of Directors
Managed our cost base through a combination of headcount reductions, furloughs and reduced hours
Implemented an early halt on all domestic and international travel
Eliminated most discretionary spending
Continued to negotiate reductions of committed spend
Assessed our real estate footprint, including consolidating and exiting certain leased office locations throughout North America where we can be fully operational and successfully support our clients and business operations remotely
20


Temporarily suspended the matching contributions under the Volt Information Sciences, Inc. Savings Plan

In addition, we continue to actively pursue further options to increase financial flexibility.

While our global business environment is and will continue to operate in various stages of economic turbulence, we have continued to see a gradual increase in order activity and demand throughout the Company, including certain positive impacts of customers reopening previously shut down site operations. Although there is still significant uncertainty related to COVID-19, our ability to continue successfully serving our existing customers during this pandemic as well as our agility in responding to immediate and critical demands in new areas has allowed us to mitigate the more significant adverse impacts of this global environment to date.
Recent Developments

On December 17, 2020, the Company amended its long-term accounts receivable securitization program (“DZ Financing Program”) with DZ Bank AG Deutsche Zentral-Genossenschaftsbank (“DZ Bank”). The modifications to the agreement were to (1) extend the Amortization Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from January 25, 2023 to January 25, 2024, and extend the Facility Maturity Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from July 25, 2023 to July 25, 2024; (2) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2020 to any fiscal year ending after 2021; (3) replace the existing Tangible Net Worth (“TNW”) covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $20.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021 and $25.0 million in each quarter thereafter; and (4) revise the eligibility threshold for the receivables of a large North American Staffing customer from 5% of eligible receivables to 8%, which will increase our overall availability under the Program by $1.0 - $3.0 million. All other terms and conditions of the DZ Financing Program remain substantially unchanged.
21


Consolidated Results of Operations and Financial Highlights (Fiscal 2020 (52 weeks) vs. Fiscal 2019 (53 weeks))
Results of Operations by Segment (Fiscal 2020 (52 weeks) vs. Fiscal 2019 (53 weeks))
 Year Ended November 1, 2020
(in thousands)TotalNorth American StaffingInternational StaffingNorth American
MSP
Corporate and Other Elimination
Net revenue$822,055 $689,095 $95,308 $37,915 $674 $(937)
Cost of services694,204 586,255 79,087 29,471 328 (937)
Gross margin127,851 102,840 16,221 8,444 346  
Selling, administrative and other operating costs137,666 85,776 14,484 5,370 32,036 — 
Restructuring and severance costs2,641 883 338 — 1,420 — 
Impairment charges16,913 1,859 — — 15,054 — 
Operating income (loss)(29,369)14,322 1,399 3,074 (48,164) 
Other income (expense), net(3,173)
Income tax provision1,045 
Net loss$(33,587)
 Year Ended November 3, 2019
(in thousands)TotalNorth American StaffingInternational StaffingNorth American
MSP
Corporate and Other (1)Elimination (2)
Net revenue$997,090 $830,947 $114,377 $39,010 $15,320 $(2,564)
Cost of services844,527 708,824 95,552 28,324 14,391 (2,564)
Gross margin152,563 122,123 18,825 10,686 929  
Selling, administrative and other operating costs157,052 103,437 15,422 5,595 32,598 — 
Restructuring and severance costs4,656 719 510 68 3,359 — 
Impairment charges688 — — 684 — 
Operating income (loss)(9,833)17,963 2,893 5,023 (35,712) 
Other income (expense), net(4,375)
Income tax provision978 
Net loss$(15,186)
(1) Revenues are primarily derived from Volt Customer Care Solutions business through June 2019.
(2) The majority of intersegment sales results from North American Staffing providing resources to Volt Customer Care Solutions business.

Results of Operations Consolidated (Fiscal 2020 (52 weeks) vs. Fiscal 2019 (53 weeks))
Net revenue in fiscal 2020 decreased $175.0 million, or 17.6%, to $822.1 million from $997.1 million in fiscal 2019, including the impact of fiscal 2020 consisting of 52 weeks while fiscal 2019 consisted of 53 weeks. The revenue decline was primarily due to decreases in our North American Staffing segment of $141.8 million, our International Staffing segment of $19.1 million and the Corporate and Other category of $14.6 million (related to the exit from our customer care solutions business in June 2019). Excluding the impact on net revenue of the 53rd week in fiscal 2019 of approximately $18.9 million, $14.6 million in revenue from a business exited last year, $14.1 million related to MSP transitions and negative foreign currency fluctuations of $0.1 million, net revenue decreased $127.6 million, or 13.4%. While difficult to accurately estimate the exact amount, approximately $90.0 million to $105.0 million of this decline is attributable to the impact of COVID-19 in the form of business shutdowns or reduced hours from some of our customers and remain at home orders from various states and municipalities.
Operating loss in fiscal 2020 increased $19.6 million, or 198.7%, to $29.4 million from $9.8 million in fiscal 2019 primarily due to higher impairment charges in fiscal 2020 and the additional week in fiscal 2019. Excluding the business exited last year, the impact of the additional week in fiscal 2019, as well as restructuring and severance costs and impairment charges, operating loss in fiscal 2020 increased $4.7 million, or 90.8%. This increase in operating loss of $4.7 million was primarily due to lower results in our North American MSP segment of $1.8 million, our International Staffing segment of $1.4 million and our North American Staffing segment of $0.9 million.
22


Results of Continuing Operations by Segments (Fiscal 2020 (52 weeks) vs. Fiscal 2019 (53 weeks))
Net Revenue
The North American Staffing segment revenue decreased $141.8 million, or 17.1%, to $689.1 million in fiscal 2020 from $830.9 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the impact of the 53rd week in fiscal 2019 of approximately $15.8 million, $14.4 million in revenue from MSP transitions and revenue from our customer care solutions business exited in June 2019 of $0.7 million, revenue decreased $110.9 million, or 13.9% in fiscal 2020. While difficult to accurately estimate the exact amount, approximately, $90.0 million to $100.0 million of this decline is attributable to the impact of COVID-19 in the form of business shutdowns or reduced hours from some of our customers and remain at home orders from various states and municipalities. In addition, the segment's revenue was impacted by lower demand from certain larger customers, partially offset by growth from new and existing customers. The decrease was primarily experienced in our light industrial, information technology, as well as administrative and office job categories.
The International Staffing segment revenue decreased $19.1 million, or 16.7%, to $95.3 million in fiscal 2020 from $114.4 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the negative impact of foreign currency fluctuations of $0.1 million and the impact of the 53rd week in fiscal 2019 of approximately $2.2 million, International Staffing revenue decreased by $17.0 million, or 15.1%, primarily due to adjustments to work orders related to statutory legislation changes in the United Kingdom and decreases in France, partially offset by improvements in Belgium and Singapore.
The North American MSP segment revenue decreased $1.1 million, or 2.8%, to $37.9 million in fiscal 2020 from $39.0 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the 53rd week in fiscal 2019 of approximately $0.9 million partially offset by $0.4 million in revenue from MSP transitions, revenue decreased $0.5 million, or 1.4%. The decrease was primarily the result of the completion of one project in fiscal 2019 and the impact of COVID-19 on headcount in a small number of clients partially offset by increased demand in their payroll service business.
The Corporate and Other category revenue decreased $14.6 million, or 95.6%, to $0.7 million in fiscal 2020 from $15.3 million in fiscal 2019 primarily as a result of our exit from the customer care solutions business in the beginning of June 2019.
Cost of Services and Gross Margin

Cost of services in fiscal 2020 decreased $150.3 million, or 17.8%, to $694.2 million from $844.5 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the impact on cost of services of the 53rd week and a business exited in fiscal 2019 of approximately $29.6 million, cost of services in fiscal 2020 decreased $120.7 million, or 14.8%. This decrease is primarily due to the 13.4% decline in adjusted revenue partially offset by improvements in gross margin as a percent of revenue.

Gross margin as a percent of revenue in fiscal 2020 increased to 15.6% from 15.3% in fiscal 2019. Excluding the customer care solutions business which we exited in June 2019 and the additional week in fiscal 2019, gross margin as a percentage of revenue in fiscal 2020 increased to 15.6% from 15.4% in fiscal 2019. Our North American Staffing segment margin as a percent of revenue increased primarily due to higher positive workers’ compensation adjustments and claims development and lower payroll tax expense as a percent of direct labor offset by other state-mandated benefit costs as a percent of revenue. In addition, the impact of COVID-19 resulted in lower non-billable expenses. This was partially offset by a decrease in direct hire revenue in fiscal 2020 and a decline in administrative fee revenue as a result of the exit from our customer care solutions business. Our International Staffing segment margin as a percentage of revenue increased due to the decline in lower-margin business. Our North American MSP segment margin decreased as a result of a higher mix of payroll service revenue and lower margins in the managed service business.
Selling, Administrative and Other Operating Costs
Selling, administrative and other operating costs in fiscal 2020 decreased $19.4 million, or 12.3%, to $137.7 million from $157.1 million in fiscal 2019. Excluding the impact on selling, administrative and other operating costs of the 53rd week in fiscal 2019 of approximately $2.6 million, selling, administrative and other operating costs in fiscal 2020 decreased $16.8 million, or 10.9%. The decrease was primarily due to cost reductions and COVID-19 restrictions on travel and working remotely, including $12.3 million in labor and related costs primarily due to lower headcount, $2.0 million in lower non-capitalized professional fees, $1.2 million in facility related costs and $1.2 million in travel expenses. In addition, other professional fees decreased by $1.4 million in fiscal 2020 and fiscal 2019 included amortization of a deferred gain on the sale of real estate of $1.9 million. As a percent of revenue, these costs were 16.7% and 15.8% in fiscal years 2020 and 2019, respectively.
23


Restructuring and Severance Costs
Restructuring and severance costs in fiscal 2020 decreased $2.1 million to $2.6 million from $4.7 million in fiscal 2019. The costs in fiscal 2020 were primarily due to our continued efforts to reduce costs and to offset COVID-19 related revenue losses. This included our plan to leverage the global capabilities of our staffing operations based in Bangalore, India and offshore a significant number of strategically identified roles to this location.
In October 2018, the Company approved a restructuring plan (the “2018 Plan”) based on an organizational and process redesign intended to optimize the Company's strategic growth initiatives and overall business performance. The costs in fiscal 2019 primarily included $2.1 million of severance and lease termination costs in connection with exiting our customer care solutions business, $1.0 million incurred under the 2018 Plan and $0.9 million incurred in accordance with the separation agreement with our former Chief Financial Officer. The remaining $0.7 million of restructuring and severance costs were from other restructuring actions taken by the Company as part of its continued efforts to reduce costs and achieve operational efficiency.
Impairment Charges
Impairment charges in fiscal 2020 increased $16.2 million to $16.9 million from $0.7 million in fiscal 2019. In fiscal 2020, impairment charges were primarily related to consolidating and exiting certain leased office locations throughout North America based on where we can be fully operational and successfully support our clients and business operations remotely. In fiscal 2019, impairment charges were primarily related to the impairment of equipment used in our customer care solutions business and previously purchased software.
Other Income (Expense), net
Other expense in fiscal 2020 decreased $1.2 million, or 27.5%, to $3.2 million from $4.4 million in fiscal 2019 due to a decrease in interest expense as a result of lower rates and a decrease in non-cash foreign exchange losses primarily on intercompany balances.
Income Tax Provision
Income tax provision of $1.0 million in both fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively, was primarily related to locations outside of the United States.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary source of liquidity is cash flows from operations and proceeds from our financing arrangements with DZ Bank. Borrowing capacity under these arrangements is directly impacted by the level of accounts receivable, which fluctuates during the year due to seasonality and other factors. Our business is subject to seasonality with our fiscal first quarter billings typically the lowest due to the holiday season and generally increasing in the fiscal third and fourth quarters when our customers increase the use of contingent labor. Generally, the first and fourth quarters of our fiscal year are the strongest for operating cash flows. Our operating cash flows consist primarily of collections of customer receivables offset by payments for payroll and related items for our contingent staff and in-house employees; federal, foreign, state and local taxes; and trade payables. We generally provide customers with 15 - 45 day credit terms, with few extenuating exceptions, while our payroll and certain taxes are paid weekly.

We manage our cash flow and related liquidity on a global basis. We fund payroll, taxes and other working capital requirements using cash supplemented as needed from our borrowings. Our weekly payroll payments inclusive of employment-related taxes and payments to vendors are approximately $15.0 million. We generally target minimum global liquidity to be 1.5 times our average weekly requirements taking into account seasonality and cyclical trends. We also maintain minimum effective cash balances in foreign operations and use a multi-currency netting and overdraft facility for our European entities to further minimize overseas cash requirements. We believe our cash flow from operations will be sufficient to meet our cash needs for the next twelve months.

On March 27, 2020, the U.S. government enacted the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act which, among other things, permits the deferral of the employer’s portion of social security tax payments between March 27, 2020 and December 31, 2020. As a result, $26.2 million of employer payroll tax payments were deferred with 50% due by December 31, 2021 and the remaining 50% by December 31, 2022. In addition, certain state governments have delayed payment of various state payroll taxes for a shorter period of time. State payroll taxes of approximately $3.5 million deferred from the third quarter of fiscal 2020 were paid in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020. The Company's payment of approximately $4.1 million of state payroll taxes will be deferred from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 with payments scheduled to begin in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.
24



Capital Allocation

We have prioritized our capital allocation strategy to strengthen our balance sheet and increase our competitiveness in the marketplace. The timing of these initiatives is highly dependent upon attaining the profitability objectives outlined in our plan. We also see this as an opportunity to demonstrate our ongoing commitment to Volt shareholders as we continue to execute on our plan and return to sustainable profitability. Our capital allocation strategy includes the following elements:

Maintaining appropriate levels of working capital. Our business requires a certain level of cash resources to efficiently execute operations. We estimate the amount to be 1.5 times our weekly cash distributions on a global basis and must accommodate seasonality and cyclical trends;

Reinvesting in our business. We continue to execute on our company-wide initiative of disciplined reinvestment in our business including updating new information systems, which will support our front-end recruitment and placement capabilities as well as increase efficiencies in our back-office financial suite. We are also investing in our sales and recruiting process, which are critical to drive profitable growth;

Deleveraging our balance sheet. By lowering our debt level, we will strengthen our balance sheet, reduce interest costs and reduce risk going forward.

Initiatives to Improve Operating Income, Cash Flows and Liquidity

We continue to make progress on several initiatives undertaken to enhance our liquidity position and shareholder value.

On July 19, 2019, we amended and restated the DZ Financing Program, which was originally executed on January 25, 2018. The restated agreement allows for the inclusion of certain accounts receivable from an originator in the United Kingdom, which added $5.0 - $7.0 million in borrowing availability. This allowed us to continue to advance our capital allocation plan and will provide us with additional resources to execute our business strategy.

On January 14, 2020, the Company executed an amendment to the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to (1) extend the Amortization Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from January 25, 2021 to January 25, 2023 and extend the Facility Maturity Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from July 25, 2021 to July 25, 2023; and (2) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2020. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On March 12, 2020, the Company executed an amendment to the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to revise an existing covenant to maintain a TNW, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from $40.0 million to $35.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2020 and at least $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On June 11, 2020, the Company amended the DZ Financing Program to replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $20.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021 and $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. In addition to this change, the Company elected to reduce the Maximum Facility Amount, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from $115.0 million to $100.0 million to better reflect our asset base level and reduce borrowing costs going forward. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On October 2, 2020 the Company amended the DZ Financing Program to replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined, in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $25.0 million for the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about October 31, 2021 and $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On December 17, 2020, the Company amended the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to (1) extend the Amortization Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from January 25, 2023 to January 25, 2024, and extend the Facility Maturity Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from July 25, 2023 to July 25, 2024; (2) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2020 to any fiscal year ending after 2021; (3) replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $20.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021 and $25.0 million in each quarter thereafter; and (4) revise the eligibility threshold for the receivables of a large North American Staffing customer from 5% of eligible receivables to 8%, which will increase our overall availability under the Program by $1.0 - $3.0 million. All other terms and conditions remain substantially unchanged.
25



As of November 1, 2020, we have significant tax benefits including federal net operating loss carryforwards of $212.0 million, U.S. state NOL carryforwards of $230.0 million, international NOL carryforwards of $10.3 million and federal tax credits of $54.7 million, which are fully reserved with a valuation allowance which we will be able to utilize against future profits. As of November 1, 2020, the U.S. federal NOL carryforwards will expire at various dates beginning in 2031 (with some indefinite), the U.S. state NOL carryforwards expire at various dates beginning in 2021 (with some indefinite), the international NOL carryforwards expire at various dates beginning in 2021 (with some indefinite) and federal tax credits expire between 2021 and 2040.

As previously discussed, we approved a restructuring plan during the first quarter of fiscal 2020 (the “2020 Plan”) as part of our strategic initiative to optimize cost infrastructure. The 2020 Plan leverages the global capabilities of our staffing operations based in Bangalore, India by offshoring a significant number of strategically identified roles to this location. The 2020 Plan affected approximately 125 employees. To date, we incurred a total pre-tax restructuring charge of approximately $1.2 million of severance and benefit costs in fiscal 2020. As a result of the offshoring under the 2020 Plan, along with executing on additional organizational cost savings initiatives during fiscal 2020, we estimate we will realize annualized net savings of approximately $14.0 million.

Liquidity Outlook and Further Considerations

As previously noted, our primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operations and proceeds from our financing arrangement. Both operating cash flows and borrowing capacity under our financing arrangement is directly related to the levels of accounts receivable generated by our businesses. Our level of borrowing capacity under the DZ Financing Program increases or decreases in tandem with any increases or decreases in accounts receivable based on revenue fluctuations, among other factors.

We experienced a decline in the demand for our services in the second half of March 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, our operating cash flow increased and accounts receivable balances decreased as customer collections outpaced sales. This pattern is not sustainable in the event the pandemic continues at resurgence levels or an economic downturn continues for an extended period. However, we experienced improved client payment patterns in the second half of fiscal 2020 and we expect this trend to continue in fiscal 2021. We will continue to monitor default risks and diligently pursue payments from our customers consistent with original payment terms.
Many governments in countries and territories in which we do business have announced that certain payroll, income and other tax payments may be deferred without penalty for a certain period of time as well as providing other cash flow related relief packages. We have determined that we will qualify for the payroll tax deferral which allows us to delay payment of the employer portion of payroll taxes and we are evaluating whether we qualify for certain employment tax credits. If we qualify for such credits, the credits will be treated as government subsidies which will offset related operating expenses. At this time, we do not anticipate this to be material. We continue to actively monitor these relief packages to take advantage of all of those which are available to us.

At November 1, 2020, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the DZ Financing Program of $60.0 million, borrowing availability, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, of $2.8 million and global liquidity of $39.0 million.

Our DZ Financing Program is subject to termination under certain events of default such as breach of covenants, including financial covenants. At November 1, 2020, we were in compliance with all debt covenants, as defined in the DZ Financing Program. We believe, based on our 2020 Plan, we will continue to be able to meet our financial covenants under the amended DZ Financing Program.

26


The following table sets forth our cash and global liquidity levels at the end of our last fiscal five quarters:
Global Liquidity
November 3, 2019February 2, 2020May 3, 2020August 2, 2020November 1, 2020
Cash and cash equivalents (a)
$28,672 $30,876 $26,223 $30,928 $38,550 
Total outstanding debt$55,000 $55,000 $60,000 $60,000 $60,000 
Cash in banks (b) (c)
$19,945 $21,287 $22,876 $26,126 $36,218 
DZ Financing Program 22,271 11,302 4,202 5,122 2,828 
Global liquidity 42,216 32,589 27,078 31,248 39,046 
Minimum liquidity threshold 15,000 15,000 15,000 15,000 15,000 
Available liquidity$27,216 $17,589 $12,078 $16,248 $24,046 
a.Per financial statements.
b.    Amount generally includes outstanding checks.
c.    Amounts in the USB collections account are excluded from cash in banks as the balance is included in the borrowing availability under the DZ Financing Program. As of November 1, 2020, the balance in the USB collections account included in the DZ Financing Program availability was $11.0 million.

Cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities, as reflected in our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, are summarized in the following table:
 For the Year Ended
(in thousands)November 1, 2020November 3, 2019
Net cash provided by operating activities$18,154 $7,368 
Net cash used in investing activities(4,629)(8,842)
Net cash provided by financing activities4,580 3,899 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(116)(525)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents$17,989 $1,900 

Fiscal Year Ended November 1, 2020 compared to the Fiscal Year Ended November 3, 2019
Cash Flows – Operating Activities

The net cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2020 was $18.2 million, an increase of $10.8 million from fiscal 2019. This increase resulted primarily from the $18.4 million increase in net loss in fiscal 2020 which was offset by non-cash adjustments including increases in impairment charges of $16.2 million, amortization of operating lease assets of $7.6 million, amortization of a gain on sale leaseback of property of $1.9 million in fiscal 2019, increases in share-based compensation of $1.2 million and depreciation expense of $1.0 million. In addition, the change in operating assets and liabilities included a $9.6 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses, partially offset by a $8.4 million decrease in accounts receivable.
Cash Flows – Investing Activities
The net cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2020 was $4.6 million, principally from the purchases of property, equipment and software of $5.3 million primarily relating to our investment in updating our business processes, back-office financial suite and information technology tools partially offset by $0.4 million of proceeds from the sale of property, equipment and software. The net cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2019 was $8.8 million, principally from the purchases of property, equipment and software of $9.1 million primarily relating to our investment in updating our business processes, back-office financial suite and information technology tools.
27


Cash Flows – Financing Activities

The net cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2020 was $4.6 million principally from a $5.0 million increase in net borrowing under the DZ Financing Program, partially offset by the payment of debt issuance costs of $0.3 million related to the DZ Financing Program. The net cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2019 was $3.9 million principally from a $5.0 million increase in net borrowing under the DZ Financing Program, partially offset by the payment of debt issuance costs of $0.8 million related to the DZ Financing Program.
Financing Program

The DZ Financing Program is fully collateralized by certain receivables of the Company that are sold to a wholly-owned, consolidated, bankruptcy-remote subsidiary. To finance the purchase of such receivables, we may request that DZ Bank make loans from time to time to the Company that are secured by liens on those receivables.

On July 19, 2019, the Company amended and restated the DZ Financing Program, which was originally executed on January 25, 2018. The restated agreement allows for the inclusion of certain accounts receivable from an originator in the United Kingdom, which added $5.0 - $7.0 million in borrowing availability. All other material terms and conditions of the original agreement remained substantially unchanged.

On January 14, 2020, the Company executed an amendment to the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to (1) extend the Amortization Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from January 25, 2021 to January 25, 2023; (2) extend the Facility Maturity Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from July 25, 2021 to July 25, 2023; and (3) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2020. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged. 

On March 12, 2020, the Company executed an amendment to the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to revise an existing covenant to maintain a TNW, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from $40.0 million to $35.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2020 and at least $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On June 11, 2020, the Company amended the DZ Financing Program to replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $20.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021 and at least $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. In addition to this change, the Company elected to reduce the Maximum Facility Amount, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from $115.0 million to $100.0 million to better reflect our asset base level and reduce borrowing costs going forward. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On October 2, 2020 the Company amended the DZ Financing Program to replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $25.0 million for the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about October 31, 2021 and $40.0 million in each quarter thereafter. All other terms and conditions remain unchanged.

On December 17, 2020, the Company amended the DZ Financing Program. The modifications to the agreement were to (1) extend the Amortization Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from January 25, 2023 to January 25, 2024, and extend the Facility Maturity Date, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, from July 25, 2023 to July 25, 2024; (2) revise an existing covenant to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2020 to require the Company to maintain positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2021; (3) replace the existing TNW covenant requirement, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, to a minimum TNW of $20.0 million through the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021 and $25.0 million in each quarter thereafter; and (4) revise the eligibility threshold for the receivables of a large North American Staffing customer from 5% of eligible receivables to 8%, which will increase our overall availability under the Program by $1.0 - $3.0 million. All other terms and conditions remain substantially unchanged.

Loan advances may be made under the DZ Financing Program through January 25, 2024 and all loans will mature no later than July 25, 2024. Loans will accrue interest (i) with respect to loans that are funded through the issuance of commercial paper notes, at the CP rate and (ii) otherwise, at a rate per annum equal to adjusted LIBOR. The CP rate will be based on the rates paid by the applicable lender on notes it issues to fund related loans. Adjusted LIBOR is based on LIBOR for the applicable interest period and the rate prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for determining the reserve requirements with respect to Eurocurrency funding. If an event of default occurs, all loans shall bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the prime rate (the federal funds rate plus 3%) plus 2.5%.

28


The DZ Financing Program also includes a letter of credit sub-facility with a sub-limit of $35.0 million. As of November 1, 2020, the letter of credit participation was $24.5 million inclusive of $23.3 million for the Company’s casualty insurance program and $1.2 million for the security deposit required under certain real estate lease agreements.

The DZ Financing Program contains customary representations and warranties as well as affirmative and negative covenants. The agreement also contains customary default, indemnification and termination provisions. The DZ Financing Program is not an off-balance sheet arrangement, as the bankruptcy-remote subsidiary is a 100%-owned consolidated subsidiary of the Company.

The Company is subject to certain financial and portfolio performance covenants under the DZ Financing Program, including (1) a minimum TNW, as defined in the DZ Financing Program, of $20.0 million through the Company's fiscal quarter ending on or about July 31, 2021, $25.0 million in each quarter thereafter; (2) positive net income in any fiscal year ending after 2021; (3) maximum debt to TNW ratio of 3:1; and (4) a minimum of $15.0 million in liquid assets, as defined in the DZ Financing Program. At November 1, 2020, there was $2.8 million of borrowing availability, as defined, and the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants, as amended.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of November 1, 2020, we issued letters of credit against our DZ Financing Program totaling $24.5 million including $23.3 million for the Company’s casualty insurance program and $1.2 million for the security deposit required under certain lease agreements.

As of November 3, 2019, we issued letters of credit against our DZ Financing Program totaling $24.2 million including $22.8 million for the Company’s casualty insurance program, $1.2 million for the security deposit required under certain lease agreements and $0.2 million for the Company’s corporate credit card program.

As of November 1, 2020, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial position and results of operations are based upon our Consolidated Financial Statements, which are included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this report and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates, judgments, assumptions and valuations that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosures. While management believes that its estimates, judgments and assumptions are appropriate, significant differences in actual experience or significant changes in assumptions may materially affect our future results. Management believes the critical accounting policies and areas that require the most significant estimates, judgments, assumptions or valuations used in the preparation of our financial statements are those summarized below.
Goodwill

We perform our annual impairment test for goodwill during the second quarter of the fiscal year and when a triggering event occurs between annual impairment tests. When testing goodwill, the Company has the option to first assess qualitative factors for reporting units that carry goodwill. International Staffing is the only segment which carries goodwill. The qualitative assessment includes assessing the totality of relevant events and circumstances that affect the fair value or carrying value of the reporting unit. These events and circumstances include macroeconomic conditions, industry and competitive environment conditions, overall financial performance, reporting unit specific events and market considerations. We may also consider recent valuations of the reporting unit, including the magnitude of the difference between the most recent fair value estimate and the carrying value, as well as both positive and adverse events and circumstances and the extent to which each of the events and circumstances identified may affect the comparison of a reporting unit’s fair value with its carrying value. If the qualitative assessment results in a conclusion that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the carrying value, then no further testing is performed for that reporting unit.

When a qualitative assessment is not used, or if the qualitative assessment is not conclusive and it is necessary to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit, then the impairment analysis for goodwill is performed at the reporting unit level using a one-step approach (“Step 1”) under Accounting Standards Update 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) Simplifying
29


the Test for Goodwill Impairment. In conducting our goodwill impairment testing, we compare the fair value of the reporting unit with goodwill to the carrying value, using various valuation techniques including income (discounted cash flow) and market approaches. The Company believes the blended use of both approaches compensates for the inherent risk associated with using either one on a stand-alone basis and this combination is indicative of the factors a market participant would consider when performing a similar valuation.

Our fiscal 2020 test performed in the second quarter used significant assumptions including expected revenue and expense growth rates, forecasted capital expenditures, working capital levels and a discount rate of 15.0%. Under the market-based approach, significant assumptions included relevant comparable company earnings multiples including the determination of whether a premium or discount should be applied to those comparables. During the second quarter of fiscal 2020, it was determined that no adjustment to the carrying value of goodwill of $5.2 million was required, as our Step 1 analysis resulted in the fair value of the reporting unit exceeding its carrying value. There were no triggering events since the annual goodwill impairment assessment that caused the Company to perform an interim impairment assessment.
Long-Lived Assets
Long-lived assets primarily consist of right-of-use assets, capitalized software costs, leasehold improvements and office equipment. We review these assets for impairment under Accounting Standards Codification 360 Property, Plant and Equipment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Factors that could trigger an impairment review include a current period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses and a projection or forecast that demonstrates continuing losses or insufficient income associated with the use of a long-lived asset or asset group. Other factors include a significant change in the manner of the use of the asset or a significant negative industry or economic trend. If circumstances require a long-lived asset or asset group be reviewed for possible impairment, the Company first compares undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by each asset or asset group to its carrying value. An impairment loss is recognized when the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset plus net proceeds expected from disposition of the asset (if any) are less than the carrying value of the asset. When an impairment loss is recognized, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced to its estimated fair value based on discounted cash flow analysis or other valuation techniques.
Due to the economic impact and continued uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic, we began to assess our real estate footprint to evaluate potential opportunities for consolidation and downscaling. During the second half of fiscal 2020, the Company made decisions that impacted several leased office locations throughout North America, triggering impairment reviews which resulted in impairment charges of $16.1 million to reduce the carrying value of these assets to their estimated fair value.
Income Taxes
Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases, as well as for operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using current tax laws and rates in effect for the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. We must then assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be realized. If we do not believe that it is more likely than not that our deferred tax assets will be realized, a valuation allowance is established. When a valuation allowance is increased or decreased, a corresponding tax expense or benefit is recorded.
Accounting for income taxes involves uncertainty and judgment in how to interpret and apply tax laws and regulations within our annual tax filings. Such uncertainties may result in tax positions that may be challenged and overturned by a tax authority in the future which would result in additional tax liability, interest charges and possible penalties. Interest and penalties are classified as a component of income tax expense.
We recognize the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in estimate occurs.
Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, taxable income in prior carryback years and future taxable income. Significant weight is given to positive and negative evidence that is objectively verifiable. We have a three-year cumulative loss position which is significant negative evidence in considering whether deferred tax assets are realizable and the accounting guidance restricts the amount of reliance we can place on projected taxable income to support the recovery of the deferred tax assets. A valuation allowance has been recognized due to the uncertainty of
30


realization of our loss carryforwards and other deferred tax assets. Management believes that the remaining deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized based upon consideration of all positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities and tax planning strategies determined on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis.
Casualty Insurance Program
We purchase workers’ compensation insurance through mandated participation in certain state funds and the experience-rated premiums in these state plans relieve us of any additional liability. Liability for workers’ compensation in all other states as well as automobile and general liability is insured under a paid loss deductible casualty insurance program for losses exceeding specified deductible levels and we are financially responsible for losses below the specified deductible limits. The casualty program is secured by a letter of credit against the DZ Financing Program of $23.3 million as of November 1, 2020.
We recognize expenses and establish accruals for amounts estimated to be incurred, both reported and not yet reported, policy premiums and related legal and other claims administration costs. We develop estimates for claims as well as claims incurred but not yet reported using actuarial principles and assumptions based on historical and projected claim incidence patterns, claim size and the length of time over which payments are expected to be made. Actuarial estimates are updated as loss experience develops, additional claims are reported or settled and new information becomes available. Any changes in estimates are reflected in operating results in the period in which the estimates are changed. Depending on the policy year, adjustments to final expected paid amounts are determined through the ultimate life of the claim.
Medical Insurance Program
We are self-insured for a portion of our medical benefit programs for our employees. Eligible contingent staff on assignment with customers are offered medical benefits through a fully insured program administered through a third party. Employees contribute a portion of the cost of these medical benefit programs.
To limit exposure on a per claimant basis for the self-insured medical benefits, the Company purchases stop-loss insurance. Our retained liability for the self-insured medical benefits is determined utilizing actuarial estimates of expected claims based on statistical analysis of historical data.
Litigation
We are subject to certain legal proceedings as well as demands, claims and threatened litigation that arise in the normal course of our business. If the potential loss from any claim or legal proceeding is considered probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated, a liability and an expense are recorded for the estimated loss. Significant judgment is required in both the determination of probability and the determination of whether an exposure is reasonably estimable. Development of the accrual includes consideration of many factors including potential exposure, the status of proceedings, negotiations, discussions with internal and outside counsel, results of similar litigation and, in the case of class action lawsuits, participation rates. As additional information becomes available, we will revise the estimates. If the actual outcome of these matters is different than expected, an adjustment is charged or credited to expense in the period the outcome occurs or the period in which the estimate changes. To the extent that an insurance company is contractually obligated to reimburse us for a liability, we record a receivable for the amount of the probable reimbursement.
Accounts Receivable
We make ongoing estimates relating to the collectability of our trade accounts receivable and maintain an allowance for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. In determining the amount of the allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, we make judgments on a customer-by-customer basis based on the customer’s current financial situation, such as bankruptcies and other difficulties collecting amounts billed. Losses from uncollectible accounts have not exceeded our allowance historically. As we cannot predict with certainty future changes in the financial stability of our customers, actual future losses from uncollectible accounts may differ from our estimates. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in their inability to make payments, a larger allowance may be required. In the event we determined that a smaller or larger allowance was appropriate, we would record a credit or a charge to Selling, administrative and other operating costs in the period in which we made such a determination.
New Accounting Standards
For additional information regarding new accounting guidance see Note 1 - Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies in our Consolidated Financial Statements.
31


ITEM 7A.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Market risk is the potential economic gain or loss that may result from changes in market rates and prices. In the normal course of business, the Company’s earnings, cash flows and financial position are exposed to market risks relating to the impact of interest rate changes and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. We limit these risks through risk management policies and procedures.
Interest Rate Risk

We centrally manage our debt and investment portfolios considering investment opportunities and risks, tax consequences and overall financing strategies. At November 1, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents on which interest income is earned at variable rates. At November 1, 2020, we had a long-term $100.0 million accounts receivable securitization program, which can be increased subject to credit approval from DZ Bank, to provide additional liquidity to meet our short-term financing needs.

The interest rates on these borrowings and financings are variable and, therefore, interest and other expense and interest income are affected by the general level of U.S. and foreign interest rates. Based upon the current levels of cash invested, notes payable to banks and utilization of the securitization program, on a short-term basis, a hypothetical 1-percentage-point increase in interest rates would have increased net interest expense by a minimal amount or a hypothetical 1-percentage-point decrease in interest rates would have decreased net interest expense by a minimal amount in fiscal 2020.

Foreign Currency Risk
We have operations in several foreign countries and conduct business in the local currency in these countries. As a result, we have risk associated with currency fluctuations as the value of foreign currencies fluctuates against the dollar, in particular the British Pound, Euro, Singapore Dollar, Canadian Dollar and Indian Rupee. These fluctuations impact reported earnings.
Fluctuations in currency exchange rates also impact the U.S. dollar amount of our net investment in foreign operations. The assets and liabilities of our foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the fiscal year-end balance sheet date. Income and expenses accounts are translated at an average exchange rate during the year which approximates the rates in effect at the transaction dates. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The U.S. dollar strengthened relative to many foreign currencies as of November 1, 2020 compared to November 3, 2019. Consequently, stockholders’ equity increased by $0.3 million as a result of the foreign currency translation as of November 1, 2020.
Based upon the current levels of net foreign assets, a hypothetical 10% devaluation of the U.S. dollar as compared to these currencies as of November 1, 2020 would result in an approximate $1.9 million positive translation adjustment recorded in other comprehensive income within stockholders’ equity. Conversely, a hypothetical 10% appreciation of the U.S. dollar as compared to these currencies as of November 1, 2020 would result in an approximately $1.9 million negative translation adjustment recorded in other comprehensive income within stockholders’ equity. We do not use derivative instruments for trading or other speculative purposes.

ITEM 8.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
Our financial statements and supplementary data are included at the end of this report beginning on page F-1. See the index appearing on the pages following this report.

ITEM 9.    CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE
None
32


ITEM 9A.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Based on an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) were effective as of November 1, 2020 to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act). Management conducted an assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria set forth in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework). Based on the Company’s assessment, management has concluded that its internal control over financial reporting was effective as of November 1, 2020 to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an audit report on internal control over financial reporting by the Company’s registered public accounting firm. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not subject to audit by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to the SEC’s Exchange Act Rule 12b-2 that permits the Company to provide only management’s assessment report for the year ended November 1, 2020.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting which occurred during the fiscal quarter ended November 1, 2020, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Inherent Limitations of Internal Control
Management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that the Company’s internal controls will prevent or detect all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of internal controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. Also, any evaluation of the effectiveness of internal controls in future periods are subject to the risk that those internal controls may become inadequate because of changes in business conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

ITEM 9B.    OTHER INFORMATION
None


33


PART III

ITEM 10.    DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
The information required to be furnished pursuant to this item will be set forth under the captions “Proposal One: Election of Directors,” “Executive Officers,” “Corporate Governance,” “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” and “Miscellaneous - Available Information” in the Company’s Proxy Statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders (the “Proxy Statement”) or in an amendment to this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 11.    EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
The information required to be furnished pursuant to this item is incorporated by reference from the information set forth under the caption “Executive Compensation” in the Proxy Statement or in an amendment to this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 12.    SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS
The information required to be furnished pursuant to this item will be set forth under the caption “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” in the Proxy Statement or in an amendment to this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 13.    CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE
The information required to be furnished pursuant to this item will be set forth under the captions “Transactions With Related Persons” and “Corporate Governance - Director Independence” in the Proxy Statement or in an amendment to this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 14.    PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
The information required to be furnished pursuant to this item will be set forth under the caption “Principal Accountant Fees and Services” in the Proxy Statement or in an amendment to this Annual Report, which information is incorporated herein by reference.


34


PART IV
 
ITEM 15.    EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
(a)(1) Financial Statements
The following documents are filed as a part of this report:
   Page No.    
   
F-1
   
F-2
   
F-3
   
F-4
   
F-5
   
F-6
   
F-7
(a)(2) Financial Statement Schedules
All schedules have been omitted because the required information is included in the Consolidated Financial Statements or the notes thereto, or because they are not required.
(b) Exhibits - The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this report:
Exhibits  Description
3.1
3.2  
10.1*  
10.2*  
10.3*  
10.4  
10.5*  
10.6*  
10.7
10.8*
10.9*
10.10*
10.11*
10.12*
10.13*
10.14*
10.15*
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19
10.20*
10.21*
10.22*
10.23*
10.24*
10.25*
10.26*
10.27
10.28
10.29
10.30
21  
23
31.1  
31.2  
32.1  
101.INS  XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
101.CAL  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
101.DEF  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.
101.LAB  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
101.PRE  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
* Management contracts and compensatory plans or arrangements required to be filed as an exhibit pursuant to Item 15(b) of Form 10-K.

35


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC.
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Linda Perneau
 Linda Perneau
 President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Herbert M. Mueller
 Herbert M. Mueller
 Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
Date: January 13, 2021By:/s/    Leonard Naujokas
Leonard Naujokas
Controller and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this Report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    William J. Grubbs
 William J. Grubbs
 Chairman of the Board
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Linda Perneau
 Linda Perneau
 President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Celia R. Brown
 Celia R. Brown
 Director
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Nick S. Cyprus
 Nick S. Cyprus
 Director
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Bruce G. Goodman
 Bruce G. Goodman
 Director
Date: January 13, 2021By: /s/    Arnold Ursaner
 Arnold Ursaner
Director
36


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Volt Information Sciences, Inc. and subsidiaries:

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Volt Information Sciences, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of November 1, 2020 and November 3, 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at November 1, 2020 and November 3, 2019 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

Adoption of ASU No. 2016-02

As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for leases in fiscal 2020 due to the adoption of ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) and the related amendments.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1968.

New York, New York
January 13, 2021

F-1


VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 Year Ended
 November 1,
2020
November 3,
2019
NET REVENUE$822,055 $997,090 
Cost of services694,204 844,527 
GROSS MARGIN127,851 152,563 
Selling, administrative and other operating costs137,666 157,052 
Restructuring and severance costs2,641 4,656 
Impairment charges16,913 688 
OPERATING LOSS(29,369)(9,833)
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET
Interest income78 274 
Interest expense(2,297)(3,156)
Foreign exchange gain (loss), net(85)(612)
Other income (expense), net(869)(881)
TOTAL OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET(3,173)(4,375)
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES(32,542)(14,208)
Income tax provision1,045 978 
NET LOSS$(33,587)$(15,186)
PER SHARE DATA:
Basic:
Net loss$(1.56)$(0.72)
Weighted average number of shares21,507 21,119 
Diluted:
Net loss$(1.56)$(0.72)
Weighted average number of shares21,507 21,119 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-2


VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(In thousands)
 
 Year Ended
 November 1,
2020
November 3,
2019
NET LOSS$(33,587)$(15,186)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments net of taxes of $0 and $0, respectively
343 269 
COMPREHENSIVE LOSS$(33,244)$(14,917)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-3


VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share amounts)
 
November 1, 2020November 3, 2019
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$38,550 $28,672 
Restricted cash17,883 9,772 
Short-term investments2,853 3,022 
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances of $219 and $117, respectively
121,916 135,950 
Other current assets7,058 7,252 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS188,260 184,668 
Property, equipment and software, net22,167 25,890 
Right of use assets - operating leases25,107  
Other assets, excluding current portion6,311 7,446 
TOTAL ASSETS$241,845 $218,004 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accrued compensation$18,357 $21,507 
Accounts payable31,221 36,341 
Accrued taxes other than income taxes12,983 11,244 
Accrued insurance and other15,908 24,654 
Operating lease liabilities7,144  
Income taxes payable891 1,570 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES86,504 95,316 
Accrued payroll taxes and other, excluding current portion29,988 12,029 
        Operating lease liabilities - excluding current portion 38,232  
        Deferred gain on sale of real estate, excluding current portion 20,270 
Income taxes payable, excluding current portion90 289 
Deferred income taxes3 17 
Long-term debt, net59,154 53,894 
TOTAL LIABILITIES213,971 181,815 
Commitments and contingencies
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Preferred stock, par value $1.00; Authorized - 500,000 shares; Issued - none
  
Common stock, par value $0.10; Authorized - 120,000,000.00 shares; Issued - 23,738,003; Outstanding - 21,729,400 and 21,367,821, respectively
2,374 2,374 
Paid-in capital79,937 77,688 
Retained deficit(29,793)(10,917)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(6,458)(6,801)
Treasury stock, at cost; 2,008,603 and 2,370,182 shares, respectively
(18,186)(26,155)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY27,874 36,189 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY$241,845 $218,004 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
F-4


VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(In thousands, except number of share data)

Common Stock
$0.10 Par Value
Paid-in
Capital
(Accumulated Deficit) Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Treasury
Stock
Total
Stockholders’ 
Equity
 SharesAmount
BALANCE AT OCTOBER 28, 201823,738,003 $2,374 $79,057 $9,738 $(7,070)$(33,600)$50,499 
Effect of new accounting principle
— — — 426 — — 426 
Net loss
— — — (15,186)— — (15,186)
Share-based compensation
— — 499 — — — 499 
Issuance of common stock
— — (1,868)(5,895)— 7,445 (318)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 269 — 269 
BALANCE AT NOVEMBER 3, 201923,738,003 $2,374 $77,688 $(10,917)$(6,801)$(26,155)$36,189 
Effect of new accounting principle
— — — 22,216 — — 22,216 
Net loss
— — — (33,587)— — (33,587)
Share-based compensation
— — 1,736 — — — 1,736 
Issuance of common stock
— — 513 (7,505)— 7,969 977 
Other comprehensive income
— — — — 343 — 343 
BALANCE AT NOVEMBER 1, 202023,738,003 $2,374 $79,937 $(29,793)$(6,458)$(18,186)$27,874 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-5


VOLT INFORMATION SCIENCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)

 Year Ended
 November 1, 2020November 3, 2019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net loss$(33,587)$(15,186)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,981 6,955 
Operating lease asset amortization7,611  
Release of doubtful accounts and sales allowances(13)(245)
Unrealized foreign currency exchange loss621 510 
Impairment charges16,913 688 
(Gain) loss on dispositions of property, equipment and software(287)14 
Amortization of gain on sale leaseback of property— (1,944)
Deferred income tax benefit(11)(88)
Share-based compensation expense1,736 499 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Trade accounts receivable14,057 22,472 
Other assets1,209 432 
Accounts payable(5,166)2,839 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities7,897 (9,712)
Income taxes(807)134 
Net cash provided by operating activities18,154 7,368 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Sales of investments822 391 
Purchases of investments(582)(221)
Proceeds from sales of property, equipment and software399 41 
Purchases of property, equipment and software(5,268)(9,053)
Net cash used in investing activities(4,629)(8,842)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Repayment of borrowings(15,000)(20,000)
Draw-down on borrowings20,000 25,000 
Debt issuance costs(343)(783)
Withholding tax payment on vesting of restricted stock awards(77)(318)
Net cash provided by financing activities4,580 3,899 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(116)(525)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash17,989 1,900 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of year