UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION



Washington, DC  20549



FORM 10-K



[X] Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934



For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020



[   ] Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934



Commission File Number

000-56177



BBX Capital, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

 

Florida

 

82-4669146

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S Employer Identification No.)







 

 

401 East Las Olas Boulevard,  Suite 800

 

 

Fort Lauderdale,  Florida

 

33301

(Address of principal executive office)

 

(Zip Code)







 

 



 

 



(954)  940-4900

 



(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None





Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    YES [  ]  NO [X]



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    YES [  ]  NO [X]



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES [X]  NO [  ]



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes [X]  No [  ]





Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large accelerated filer [  ]    Accelerated filer [ ]    Non-accelerated filer [X]    Smaller reporting company [  ]

Emerging growth company [X]



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [X]



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. [  ]



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    YES [  ]  NO [X]



The spin-off of the registrant by Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation was completed on September 30, 2020.  Prior to that time, the registrant’s common stock was not publicly traded and was held solely by Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation. Accordingly, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2020 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was zero 



The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of March 8, 2021 is as follows:



Class A Common Stock of $.01 par value, 15,624,091 shares outstanding.
Class B Common Stock of $.01 par value, 3,693,596 shares outstanding.



Documents Incorporated by Reference



Portions of the registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A relating to the registrant’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.



 


 

 





 

 



 

 

BBX Capital, Inc.

Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2020

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 



PART I

Page

Item 1.

Business

Item 1A

Risk Factors

13 

Item 1B

Unresolved Staff Comments

28 

Item 2

Properties

28 

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

29 

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosure

29 



PART II

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

30 

Item 6

Selected Financial Data

32 

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

33 

Item 7A

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

53 

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

F-1 to F-51

Item 9

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

54 

Item 9A

Controls and Procedures

54 

Item 9B

Other Information

55 



PART III

 

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

56 

Item 11

Executive Compensation

56 

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

56 

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

56 

Item 14

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

56 



PART IV

 

Item 15

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

57 

Item 16

Form 10-K Summary

59 



SIGNATURES

60 



   

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

PART I



Item 1.  BUSINESS



Company Overview



History



BBX Capital, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company” or, unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Florida-based diversified holding company whose principal holdings include BBX Capital Real Estate LLC (“BBX Capital Real Estate” or “BBXRE”), BBX Sweet Holdings, LLC (“BBX Sweet Holdings”), and Renin Holdings, LLC (“Renin”). BBX Capital, Inc. as a standalone entity without its subsidiaries is referred to as “BBX Capital.”



Prior to September 30, 2020, the Company was a wholly owned subsidiary of Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation (“BVH”). On September 30, 2020, BVH completed the spin-off of the Company, which separated BVH’s business, activities, and investments into two separate, publicly-traded companies: (i) BVH, which continues to hold its investment in Bluegreen Vacations Corporation (“Bluegreen”), and (ii) BBX Capital, which continues to hold all of BVH’s other businesses and investments, including BBX Capital Real Estate, BBX Sweet Holdings, and Renin. The spin-off was consummated by the distribution by BVH to its shareholders one share of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock for each share of BVH’s Class A Common Stock held on September 22, 2020, the record date for the distribution, and one share of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock for each share of BVH’s Class B Common Stock held on the record date. The shares distributed in the spin-off represent 100% of BBX Capital’s issued and outstanding shares. Accordingly, as of the close of business on September 30, 2020, BVH ceased to have an ownership interest in BBX Capital, and BVH’s shareholders who received shares of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and/or Class B Common Stock in the distribution became shareholders of BBX Capital following the spin-off.



In connection with the spin-off, BBX Capital was converted from a Florida limited liability company into a Florida corporation and changed its name from BBX Capital Florida LLC to BBX Capital, Inc., and BVH changed its name from BBX Capital Corporation to Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation. In addition, in connection with the spin-off, BVH issued a $75.0 million note payable to the Company that accrues interest at a rate of 6% per annum and requires payments of interest on a quarterly basis. Under the terms of the note, BVH has the option in its discretion to defer interest payments under the note, with interest on the entire outstanding balance thereafter to accrue at a cumulative, compounded rate of 8% per annum until such time that BVH is current on all accrued payments under the note, including deferred interest. All outstanding amounts under the note become due and payable on September 30, 2025 or earlier upon certain other events.



In October 2020, BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock commenced trading on the OTCQX Best Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIA,” and its Class B Common Stock commenced trading on the OTC Pink Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIB.”



Our Strategies and Objectives



The Company’s goal is to build long-term shareholder value. Since many of the Company’s assets do not generate income on a regular or predictable basis, the Company’s objective is long-term growth as measured by increases in book value and intrinsic value over time. The Company regularly reviews the performance of its investments and, based upon economic, market, and other relevant factors, considers transactions involving the sale or disposition of all or a portion of its assets, investments, or subsidiaries. Further, subject to market conditions and other factors, the Company may from time to time repurchase its outstanding securities.



See Item 1A - “Risk Factors” and Item 7 - “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for a discussion of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the operations and results of our businesses and investments.



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Our Businesses



Principal Investments



BBX Capital’s principal holdings are as follows:



·

BBX Capital Real Estate: BBXRE is engaged in the acquisition, development, construction, ownership, financing, and management of real estate and investments in real estate joint ventures, including investments in multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties located primarily in Florida. In addition, BBXRE owns a 50% equity interest in The Altman Companies, LLC (the “Altman Companies”), a developer and manager of multifamily apartment communities, and manages the legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including portfolios of loans receivable, real estate properties, and judgments against past borrowers. BBXRE had approximately $165.7 million of total assets as of December 31, 2020.

·

BBX Sweet Holdings: BBX Sweet Holdings is engaged in the ownership and management of operating businesses in the confectionery industry, including Hoffman’s Chocolates, a retailer of gourmet chocolates with retail locations in South Florida, and Las Olas Confections and Snacks, a manufacturer and wholesaler of chocolate and other confectionery products. BBX Sweet Holdings also owns approximately 93% of the equity interests in IT’SUGAR, a specialty candy retailer whose products include bulk candy, candy in giant packaging, and licensed and novelty items. Prior to September 22, 2020, the Company consolidated the financial statements of IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries based on its 93% ownership of IT’SUGAR. However, as further discussed below, on September 22, 2020, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the U.S. Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Florida (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (the cases commenced by such filings, the “Bankruptcy Cases”), and as a result of the filings and the uncertainties surrounding the nature, timing, and specifics of the bankruptcy proceedings, the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR on September 22, 2020. BBX Sweet Holdings had approximately $28.7 million of total assets as of December 31, 2020.

·

Renin: Renin is engaged in the design, manufacture, and distribution of sliding doors, door systems and hardware, and home décor products and operates through its headquarters in Canada and three manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada. In addition to its own manufacturing, Renin also sources various products and raw materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries. In October 2020, Renin acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain of the liabilities of Colonial Elegance, Inc. (“Colonial Elegance”). Headquartered in Montreal, Canada, Colonial Elegance is a supplier and distributor of building products, including barn doors, closet doors, and stair parts, and its customers include various big box retailers in the United States and Canada. Renin had approximately $104.7 million of total assets as of December 31, 2020.



BBX Capital Real Estate



Business Overview



BBX Capital Real Estate is engaged in the acquisition, development, construction, ownership, financing, and management of real estate and investments in real estate joint ventures, including investments in multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties located primarily in Florida. In addition, BBX Capital Real Estate owns a 50% equity interest in the Altman Companies, a developer and manager of multifamily rental apartment communities, and also manages the legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including portfolios of loans receivable, real estate properties, and judgments against past borrowers.



Strategy



BBX Capital Real Estate’s strategy is focused on:



·

Identifying, acquiring, and developing real estate, including multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties; and

·

Identifying and investing in real estate joint ventures with third party developers.



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Although BBX Capital Real Estate historically focused on the monetization of the legacy asset portfolio acquired from BankAtlantic through the collection or sale of loans receivable and the development or sale of foreclosed real estate properties, it largely completed the monetization of the portfolio following the sale of several significant real estate properties during 2019. As a result, BBX Capital Real Estate is currently focused on increasing the activities of the Altman Companies, as well as leveraging BBX Capital Real Estate’s relationships with third party developers, to identify new development opportunities with the goal of building a diversified portfolio of profitable real estate investments that generate recurring earnings and cash flows. In addition to the development and sale of multifamily apartment communities, these investment opportunities may include the development of multifamily apartment communities that will be owned and held over a longer term investment period and the pursuit of investment opportunities in new geographic locations. Further, while BBX Capital Real Estate’s investments in joint ventures sponsored by the Altman Companies primarily involve investing in the managing member of the joint ventures, it has in the past and may in the future consider opportunistically making increased equity investments in projects.



Investments



BBX Capital Real Estate currently holds investments in a diverse portfolio of real estate developments, including multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale communities, mixed-used properties, and other legacy assets. The following provides a description of certain of these investments.



Multifamily Rental Apartment Communities – The Altman Companies



The Altman Companies



In November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate acquired a 50% equity interest in the Altman Companies, a joint venture between BBX Capital Real Estate and Joel Altman (“Mr. Altman”) engaged in the development, construction, and management of multifamily apartment communities, for cash consideration of $14.6 million, including $2.3 million in transaction costs. The Company accounts for this investment under the equity method of accounting. The Altman Companies is a fully integrated platform engaged in all aspects of the development process through its ownership of various operating companies that were previously owned and operated by Mr. Altman. These companies and their predecessors have operated since 1968 and have developed and managed more than 25,000 multifamily units throughout the United States, including communities in Florida, Michigan, Illinois, Tennessee, Georgia, Texas, and North Carolina. The Altman Companies currently operates through the following companies: 



·

Altman Development Company (“ADC”) – The Altman Companies owns 100% of ADC, which performs site selection and other predevelopment activities (including project underwriting and design), identifies development financing (which is typically comprised of a combination of internal and external equity and institutional debt), provides oversight of the construction process, and arranges for the ultimate sale of the projects upon stabilization. ADC enters into a development agreement with each joint venture that is formed to invest in development projects originated by the platform and earns a development fee for its services.

·

Altman Management Company (“AMC”) – The Altman Companies owns 100% of AMC, which performs leasing and property management services for the multifamily apartment communities developed by the Altman Companies prior to the ultimate sale of such projects. In certain cases, AMC also provides such services to apartment communities owned by third parties and certain affiliated entities. AMC enters into a leasing and property management agreement with each joint venture that is formed to invest in projects originated by the platform and earns a management fee for its services.

·

Altman-Glenewenkel Construction (“AGC”) – The Altman Companies owns 60% of AGC, which performs general contractor services for the multifamily apartment communities developed by the Altman Companies. AGC enters into a general contractor agreement with each joint venture that is formed to invest in projects originated by the platform and earns a general contractor fee for its services.



BBX Capital Real Estate expects to invest in the managing member of the joint ventures that are formed to invest in projects originated by the platform. The managing member is typically entitled to receive an increased percentage of the joint venture distributions from the projects to the extent that the equity investors in such ventures receive agreed-upon returns on their investments. Further, BBX Capital Real Estate has in the past and may in the future consider opportunistically making increased equity investments in one or more of such projects originated by the Altman Companies.



The Altman Companies has historically incurred operating costs in excess of the fees earned from the projects, and as a result, earnings generated by the overall platform generally arise as a result of the ability to invest as the managing member and receive promoted equity interests in the projects.



Pursuant to the operating agreement of the Altman Companies, BBX Capital Real Estate will acquire an additional 40% equity interest in the Altman Companies from Mr. Altman for a purchase price,  subject to certain adjustments, of $9.4 million in January 2023, and Mr. Altman can also, at his option or in other predefined circumstances, require BBX Capital to purchase his remaining 10% equity interest in the Altman Companies for $2.4 million. However, Mr. Altman will retain his membership interests, including his decision making rights, in the managing member of any development joint ventures that are originated prior to BBX Capital Real Estate’s

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acquisition of additional equity interests in the Altman Companies. In addition, in certain circumstances, BBX Capital Real Estate may acquire the 40% membership interests in AGC that are not owned by the Altman Companies for a purchase price based on prescribed formulas in the operating agreement of AGC.



In connection with its investment in the Altman Companies, BBX Capital Real Estate acquired interests in the managing member of seven multifamily apartment developments, including four developments in which BBX Capital Real Estate had previously invested as a non-managing member, for aggregate cash consideration of $8.8 million. As of December 31, 2020, four of these seven joint ventures had sold their respective multifamily apartment communities.



In addition, as of December 31, 2020, BBX Capital Real Estate and Mr. Altman had each contributed $3.75 million to ABBX Guaranty, LLC, a joint venture established to provide guarantees on the indebtedness and construction cost overruns of new real estate joint ventures formed by the Altman Companies.



During the year ended December 31, 2020, joint ventures sponsored by the Altman Companies sold Altis Boca Raton, a 398 unit multifamily apartment community in Boca Raton, Florida, and Altis Wiregrass, a 392 unit multifamily apartment community in Wesley Chapel, Florida. BBXRE had previously invested in these joint ventures, and in connection with these sales, BBX Capital Real Estate recognized total equity earnings of $1.9 million and received total distributions of $5.1 million.



The following provides a description of certain of BBX Capital Real Estate’s current investments in multifamily apartment communities sponsored by the Altman Companies.





Altis Grand Central



In September 2017, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $1.9 million as one of a number of investors in a joint venture with Mr. Altman to develop Altis Grand Central, a 314 unit multifamily apartment community in Tampa, Florida. In November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate also acquired approximately 50% of Mr. Altman’s membership interest in the managing member of the joint venture for $0.6 million. Construction commenced in 2017 and was substantially completed during 2020. The 314 apartment units were approximately 86% leased as of December 31, 2020.



Altis Promenade



In December 2017, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $1.0 million as one of a number of investors in a joint venture with Mr. Altman to develop Altis Promenade, a 338 unit multifamily apartment community in Tampa, Florida. In November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate also acquired approximately 50% of Mr. Altman’s membership interest in the managing member of the joint venture for $1.2 million. Construction commenced in 2018 and was substantially completed during 2019. The 338 apartment units were approximately 94% leased as of December 31, 2020. The joint venture currently intends to seek to sell the project in 2021.



Altis Ludlam Trail 



During 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $0.7 million with Mr. Altman and another investor in a joint venture to acquire land, obtain entitlements, and fund predevelopment costs for a potential multifamily apartment development in Miami, Florida. During 2019, BBX Capital Real Estate invested an additional $0.4 million in the joint venture to fund predevelopment costs. In June 2020, the joint venture obtained entitlements, closed on development financing, and commenced development of a 312 unit multifamily apartment community with 7,500 square feet of retail space. In connection with the closing, BBX Capital Real Estate received a $0.5 million distribution from the joint venture as a reimbursement of predevelopment costs and invested an additional $8.5 million in the joint venture as preferred equity. Pursuant to the operating agreement for the Altis Ludlam Trail joint venture, distributions from the joint venture are required to be paid to BBX Capital Real Estate on account of its preferred equity interest until it receives its $8.5 million investment and a preferred return of 11.9% per annum (subject to a minimum payment of $11.9 million). Following such payment, all remaining distributions will be paid to the other members, including the managing member in which BBX Capital Real Estate holds an interest.



Altis Grand at The Preserve (Suncoast)



During 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $1.9 million with Mr. Altman in a joint venture to acquire land, obtain entitlements, and fund predevelopment costs for the development of Altis Grand at The Preserve (Suncoast), a 350 unit multifamily apartment community in Odessa, Florida. In 2019, the joint venture closed on its development financing and commenced construction, and in connection with the closing, BBX Capital Real Estate and Mr. Altman retained membership interests in the managing member of the joint venture and received distributions of a portion of their previous capital contributions based on the final development financing structure. Construction is substantially complete, and the 350 apartment units were approximately 52% leased as of December 31, 2020.



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Altis Pembroke Gardens



In November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate acquired approximately 50% of Mr. Altman’s membership interest in the managing member of a joint venture invested in Altis Pembroke Gardens for $1.3 million. Altis Pembroke Gardens is a 280 unit multifamily apartment community in Pembroke Pines, Florida. Construction of the community was completed during 2017, and the 280 apartment units were approximately 97% leased as of December 31, 2020. The joint venture currently intends to seek to sell the project in 2021.



Altis Little Havana



In June 2019, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $0.8 million in a joint venture sponsored by the Altman Companies to develop Altis Little Havana, a 224 unit multifamily apartment community in Miami, Florida. Construction commenced in 2019 and is expected to be substantially completed in 2021.



Altis Lake Willis (Vineland Point)



In August 2019, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $4.5 million in a joint venture sponsored by the Altman Companies to acquire land, obtain entitlements, and fund predevelopment costs for the development of a potential multifamily apartment community in Orlando, Florida. The joint venture is continuing to evaluate its plans for the project, including the possible development of the community in two phases.



Altis Miramar East/West



In October 2019, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $2.5 million in a joint venture sponsored by the Altman Companies to develop Altis Miramar West, a 320 unit multifamily apartment community, and Altis Miramar East, a 330 unit multifamily apartment community, on two adjacent sites in Miramar, Florida. Construction commenced in 2019 and is expected to be substantially completed in 2021.



Rights to Joint Venture Distributions 



The operating agreements governing the joint ventures sponsored by the Altman Companies generally provide that the holders of the non-managing membership interests are entitled to distributions based on their pro-rata share of the capital contributions to the ventures until such members receive their aggregate capital contributions plus a specified return on their capital. After such members receive their contributed capital and the specified returns, distributions are based on an agreed-upon allocation of the remaining cash flows available for distribution, with the holders of the managing membership interests receiving an increasing percentage of the distributions. As BBX Capital Real Estate’s investments in the above joint ventures include investments as both a non-managing member and a managing member, BBX Capital Real Estate’s overall economic interest in the expected distributions from such ventures in many cases is not the same as its pro-rata share of its contributed capital in such ventures.



Single Family Developments



Beacon Lake Master Planned Development



BBX Capital Real Estate has obtained entitlements to develop raw land in St. Johns County, Florida into 1,476 finished lots which will comprise the Beacon Lake Community. As part of the development, BBX Capital Real Estate is developing the land and common areas and selling the finished lots to third-party homebuilders who will construct single-family homes and townhomes that are planned to range from 1,400 square feet to 4,400 square feet and priced from the high $200,000’s to the $600,000’s. The agreements pursuant to which BBX Capital Real Estate is selling finished lots to homebuilders generally provide for a base purchase price that is paid to BBX Capital Real Estate upon the sale of the developed lots to the homebuilders and a contingent purchase price that is calculated as a percentage of the proceeds that the homebuilders receive from the sale of the completed homes and paid to BBX Capital Real Estate upon the closing of such home sales.



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BBX Capital Real Estate is developing the Beacon Lake Community in four phases. The following summarizes the current status of each phase:



·

Phase 1 – This phase is comprised of 302 single-family homes. BBX Capital Real Estate sold all of the developed lots to homebuilders during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, and as of December 31, 2020, homebuilders had closed on the sale of 275 single-family homes on these lots.

·

Phase 2 – This phase is expected to be comprised of approximately 479 single-family homes and 196 townhomes. BBX Capital Real Estate has substantially completed development of the lots and entered into agreements with homebuilders to sell all of the developed lots. During the year ended December 31, 2020, BBX Capital Real Estate sold 157 single-family lots and 70 townhome lots to homebuilders, and homebuilders closed on the sale of 56 single-family homes and 35 townhomes on these lots.

·

Phase 3 – This phase is expected to be comprised of approximately 200 single-family homes, and BBX Capital Real Estate expects to commence land development in 2021. BBXRE expects to sell a portion of these developed lots to a homebuilder, while it is exploring investment alternatives for the remaining lots, including the possible construction, leasing, and management of a portfolio of rental homes.

·

Phase 4 – This phase is expected to be comprised of 299 lots, and BBX Capital Real Estate has entered into an agreement with an unaffiliated homebuilder to sell all of the undeveloped lots in a single transaction.



BBX Capital Real Estate has financed a portion of the development costs for the project through the issuance of Community Development District Bonds. Under the terms of the agreements with the homebuilders, in connection with the sale of the finished lots, BBX Capital Real Estate is required to repay a portion of the bonds with proceeds from such sales, while a portion of the bonds are required to be assumed by the homebuilders.



Sky Cove



In June 2019, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $4.2 million as one of a number of investors in a joint venture with Label & Co. to develop Sky Cove at Westlake, a residential community comprised of 204 single-family homes in Loxahatchee, Florida. BBX Capital Real Estate is entitled to receive 26.25% of the joint venture distributions until it receives its aggregate capital contributions plus a specified return on its capital. After all investors receive a specified return and the return of their contributed capital, any distributions thereafter are shared based on earnings, with Label & Co., as the managing member, receiving an increasing percentage of distributions.



During the year ended December 31, 2020, the joint venture closed on 47 single family homes, and BBX Capital Real Estate recognized $0.1 million of equity earnings and received $1.1 million of distributions from the venture. As of December 31, 2020, the joint venture had agreements to sell an additional 137 single-family homes.



Sky Cove South



In February 2021, BBX Capital Real Estate invested $4.9 million as one of a number of investors in a new joint venture with Label & Co. to develop Sky Cove South at Westlake, a residential community that will be adjacent to Sky Cove at Westlake and is expected to be comprised of 197 single-family homes. BBX Capital Real Estate’s rights to distributions from the Sky Cove South joint venture are substantially the same as its rights to distributions from the Sky Cove joint venture.



Marbella



As of December 31, 2020, BBX Capital Real Estate had invested $7.4 million in a joint venture with CC Homes to develop Marbella, a residential community comprised of 158 single-family homes in Miramar, Florida. BBX Capital Real Estate is entitled to receive 70.0% of the joint venture distributions until it receives its aggregate capital contributions plus a specified return on its capital. After BBX Capital Real Estate and CC Homes receive a specified return and the return of their contributed capital, any distributions thereafter are shared based on earnings, with CC Homes, as the managing member, receiving an increasing percentage of distributions. The joint venture acquired the development land in 2019 and commenced site development in 2020. As of December 31, 2020, the joint venture had agreements to sell 91 single-family homes and expects to commence closing on sales during the second half of 2021.



Mixed Use Developments



Bayview



In 2014, BBX Capital Real Estate invested in a joint venture with an affiliate of Procacci Development Corporation (“PDC”). At the inception of the venture, BBX Capital Real Estate and PDC each contributed $1.8 million to the venture in exchange for a 50% interest. The joint venture acquired for $8.0 million approximately three acres of real estate in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. There is currently an approximate 84,000 square foot office building, along with a convenience store and gas station on the property. The office building has low occupancy with short term leases, while the lease for the convenience store ends in March 2022. BBX Capital Real Estate is currently exploring possible opportunities for the site.

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The Main Las Olas



As of December 31, 2020, BBX Capital Real Estate had invested $3.3 million as one of a number of investors in The Main Las Olas joint venture, which was formed to invest in the development of The Main Las Olas, a mixed-used project in downtown Fort Lauderdale, Florida that is planned to be comprised of an office tower with approximately 365,000 square feet of leasable area, a residential tower with approximately 341 units, and approximately 45,000 square feet of ground floor retail. As of December 31, 2020, BBX Capital Real Estate expected to invest an additional $0.9 million in the venture as development progresses. Construction is expected to be substantially completed during 2021, and the office tower, residential tower, and retail space were 39%, 4% and 62% leased, respectively, as of December 31, 2020. The pace of leasing in the office tower was significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and BBX Capital Real Estate recognized a $1.0 million impairment loss related to this investment during the year ended December 31, 2020. BBX Capital has executed an agreement with the joint venture to lease space in the office tower for its corporate headquarters.



Other Assets



In addition to the above projects, BBX Capital Real Estate holds certain investments in real estate joint ventures in which a majority of the assets of the ventures have been sold. BBX Capital Real Estate also holds various legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including loans receivable and real estate with an aggregate carrying amount of approximately $19.2 million as of December 31, 2020. The majority of the legacy assets do not generate cash flow on a regular or predictable basis and are not expected to do so until the assets are monetized through loan repayments or transactions involving the sale, joint venture, or development of the underlying real estate.



In recent years, BBX Capital Real Estate has generated substantial income from the legacy asset portfolio, as the majority of the loans receivable and foreclosed real estate assets within the portfolio were impaired in prior periods to their estimated fair values during the recession that began in 2007 and 2008 but were ultimately monetized by BBX Capital Real Estate following the recovery in the real estate market over the past several years. Although BBX Capital Real Estate is continuing its efforts to monetize the remaining assets within the portfolio, BBX Capital Real Estate has substantially completed the monetization of the portfolio and does not expect significant earnings relating to the remaining assets in future periods. 



BBX Capital Real Estate also continues its efforts to seek collection of legal judgments against past borrowers, and although such collection efforts have continued to generate income for BBX Capital Real Estate over the past several years, there is significant uncertainty relating to these efforts, and there is no assurance that they will generate income in future periods.



BBX Sweet Holdings



Business Overview



BBX Sweet Holdings is engaged in the ownership and management of operating businesses in the confectionery industry, including Hoffman’s Chocolates, a retailer of gourmet chocolates with retail locations in South Florida, and Las Olas Confections and Snacks, a manufacturer and wholesaler of chocolate and other confectionery products. BBX Sweet Holdings also owns approximately 93% of the equity interests in IT’SUGAR, a specialty candy retailer whose products include bulk candy, candy in giant packaging, and licensed and novelty items and which operates in retail locations which include a mix of high-traffic resort and entertainment, lifestyle, mall/outlet, and urban locations throughout the U.S. Prior to September 22, 2020, the Company consolidated the financial statements of IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries based on its 93% ownership of IT’SUGAR. However, as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its operations, including the closure of all of its retail locations in March 2020 and the impact of the pandemic on its sales following the reopening of its locations, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the Bankruptcy Court on September 22, 2020, and as a result of the filings and the uncertainties surrounding the nature, timing, and specifics of the bankruptcy proceedings, the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR on September 22, 2020.  



Renin



Business Overview



Renin is engaged in the design, manufacture, and distribution of sliding doors, door systems and hardware, and home décor products and operates through its headquarters in Canada and three manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada. In addition to its own manufacturing, Renin also sources various products and raw materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries. In October 2020, Renin acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain of the liabilities of Colonial Elegance. Headquartered in Montreal, Canada, Colonial Elegance is a supplier and distributor of building products, including barn doors, closet doors, and stair parts, and its customers include various big box retailers in the United States and Canada which are complementary to and are expected to expand Renin’s existing customer base.  



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Renin’s products are primarily sold through three channels in North America: (i) retail, (ii) commercial, and (iii) direct installation in the greater Toronto area. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Renin’s retail channel comprised approximately 67% of its gross sales and included big box retail customers such as Lowe’s and Home Depot. This channel is expected to increase as a percentage of Renin’s gross sales in 2021 as a result of its recent acquisition of Colonial Elegance, whose retail customers include Menards, Lowe’s Canada, and Home Depot Canada. For the year ended December 31, 2020, Renin’s commercial channel comprised approximately 25% of its gross sales and included original equipment manufacturers and fabricators across North America; however, as a result of the expected expansion of Renin’s retail channel as compared to 2020, it is expected that sales in Renin’s commercial channel will decrease as a percentage of its overall sales in 2021. Renin’s direct installation channel generated the remaining sales.



Revenues from one customer of Renin represented $34.2 million, $20.2 million, and $20.7 million of the Company’s total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which represented 19.7% of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 and nearly 10% of the Company’s revenues for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, while revenue from a second customer of Renin represented $29.4 million of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, which represented 17.0% of the Company’s revenues during the year ended December 31, 2020.



Renin’s business and operating goals are:



·

Increasing future sales by delivering outstanding customer service and consistently developing innovative products;

·

Improving gross margin by lowering product costs through improvements in product sourcing and logistics and lowering manufacturing costs through improvements in productivity;

·

Reducing customer lead-times through better inventory planning and repatriation of domestic manufacturing balanced with global sourcing of finished goods; and

·

Seeking acquisitions of complementary businesses.



Other Investments



The Company also has investments in other operating businesses, including a restaurant located in South Florida that was acquired through a loan foreclosure and an insurance agency. 



Regulatory Matters



As a public company, the Company is subject to federal securities laws, including the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended, (the “Exchange Act”). In addition, the companies in which BBX Capital holds investments are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations generally applicable to their respective businesses. 



See “Item 1A – Risk Factors for a description of risks with respect to regulatory compliance.



Seasonality



BBX Sweet Holdings’ businesses are subject to seasonal fluctuations in trade sales, which cause fluctuations in BBX Sweet Holdings’ quarterly results of operations. Historically, IT’SUGAR generated its strongest retail trade sales during the months from June through August, as well as during the month of December, when families are generally on vacation. BBX Sweet Holdings’ other operating businesses generate their strongest trade sales during the fourth quarter in connection with various holidays in the United States.



Human Resources



As of December 31, 2020, the Company and its subsidiaries had approximately 1,215 employees, including 644 employees at IT’SUGAR. We believe that our employee relations are good and that our employees are important to achieving our business objectives.



In 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we instituted safety protocols and procedures for our employees who continued to work at physical locations.  These protocols include complying with social distancing and other health and safety standards as recommended by federal, state and local government agencies, as well as taking into consideration guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other public health authorities. In addition, we reduced the number of in-person interactions and significantly expanded the use of virtual interactions in all aspects of our business, including administrative and operational activities. We also commenced remote work protocols for those employees that, based on their position, were capable of working from home. We continue to encourage a remote work protocol for portions of the workforce due to the continuing pandemic. Further, we continuously evaluate our operations in light of recent resurgences of COVID-19, federal, state and local guidance, evolving data concerning the pandemic, and the best interests of our employees and customers.



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We seek to offer competitive compensation and benefit programs for our employees in our effort to attract and retain superior talent. In addition to competitive base wages, additional programs currently include: Incentive Compensation Plans, Long-Term Incentive Plans, a company matched 401(k) plan, healthcare and insurance benefits, health savings and flexible spending accounts, paid time off, family leave, and employee assistance programs.



We are committed to foster an inclusive work environment that supports our workforce and the communities we serve. It is our policy to seek to hire the best qualified employees regardless of gender, ethnicity or other protected traits and to fully comply with all laws applicable to discrimination in the workplace.



We are committed to maintaining a work environment where employees are treated with dignity and respect, free from the threat of discrimination and harassment. We  believe these same standards should apply to all stakeholders and to our interactions with customers, vendors, and independent contractors.



We are proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. Our policies prohibit discrimination in hiring or advancement against any individual on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, sex, national origin, age, marital status, pregnancy, physical or mental disability, veteran status, sexual orientation, or any other characteristic protected by applicable law.



We strive to ensure our employees have access to working conditions that provide a safe and healthy environment, free from work-related injuries and illnesses. We encourage employees to raise concerns about actual or suspected misconduct.



Competition



The industries in which BBX Capital conducts business are very competitive, and BBX Capital also faces substantial competition with respect to its investment activities from real estate investors and developers, private equity funds, hedge funds, and other institutional investors. BBX Capital competes with institutions and entities that are larger and have greater resources than the resources available to BBX Capital.



BBX Capital Real Estate invests in the development of multifamily apartment communities. Due to the historically strong performance of this class of asset within the real estate market, BBX Capital Real Estate is experiencing increased competition from other real estate investors and developers, which is increasing the cost of land and resulting in increased inventories of multifamily apartment communities in the markets in which BBX Capital Real Estate invests and operates. This can result in decreased rental rates and increase the time required to lease and stabilize its developments.



Renin’s products are primarily sold to large retailers and wholesalers, and it experiences intense competition from others, including importers of foreign products. 



Four unaffiliated companies in the confectionery industry currently account for the majority of the industry’s revenues, reflecting significant concentration and competition in the industry in which BBX Sweet Holdings operates.



Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company



We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). As an emerging growth company, we can take advantage of specified reduced disclosure and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies, including reduced financial disclosure, reduced disclosure about our executive compensation arrangements, exemption from the requirements to hold non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation or shareholder approval of golden parachute payments, and exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting. We expect to continue to take advantage of certain of the exemptions available to emerging growth companies until December 31, 2025 (the end of the fifth fiscal year following the completion of the initial public offering of our common stock) or such earlier time that we no longer qualify as an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.07 billion in annual revenue, more than $700.0 million in market value of our stock is held by non-affiliates, or we issue more than $1.0 billion of non-convertible debt securities over a three-year period.



Additional Information



The Company’s corporate website is www.bbxcapital.com. The Company’s Form 10 and Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge through its website as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The Company’s website and the information contained on or connected to it are not incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  The SEC also maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.



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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements



This document contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. All opinions, forecasts, projections, future plans or other statements, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words or phrases such as “plans,” “believes,” “will,” “expects,” “anticipate,” “intends,” “estimates,” “our view,” “we see,” “would,” and words and phrases of similar import.  Forward-looking statements are based largely on our current expectations, and we can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct.  In addition, forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that are subject to change based on factors which are, in many instances, beyond our control.  Actual results, performance, or achievements could differ materially from those contemplated, expressed, or implied by the forward-looking statements contained herein. When considering forward-looking statements, the reader should keep in mind the risks, uncertainties and other cautionary statements made in this report. The reader should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement, which speaks only as of the date made. This document also contains information regarding the past performance of the Company and its investments and operations. The reader should note that prior or current performance is not a guarantee or indication of future performance. Comparisons of results for current and any prior periods are not intended to express any future trends or indications of future performance, and all such information should only be viewed as historical data. Future results could differ materially as a result of a variety of risks and uncertainties.



Some factors which may affect the accuracy of the forward-looking statements apply generally to the industries in which the Company operates, including the real estate development and construction industry in which BBX Capital Real Estate operates, the home improvement industry in which Renin operates, and the confectionery industry in which BBX Sweet Holdings operates.   



With respect to the Company generally, the various factors include, but are not limited to:



·

Risks and uncertainties relating to public health issues, including, in particular, the COVID-19 pandemic, and its effects on BBX Capital’s business and results, which are uncertain and will depend in large part on future developments and conditions.  Effects have in the past included, and may in the future include, required closures of retail locations, business restrictions, “shelter in place” and “stay at home” orders and advisories, volatility in the global and national economies and equity, credit, and commodities markets, worker absenteeism, quarantines, and other health-related restrictions. In addition, risks and uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on BBX Capital’s business and results, include, without limitation, uncertainties relating to the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on demand for BBX Capital’s products and services including, without limitation, bulk candy products, levels of consumer confidence, and supply chains; actions governments, businesses, and individuals take in response to the pandemic and their impact on economic activity and consumer spending, which will impact BBX Capital’s ability to successfully resume full business operations; the pace of recovery when the COVID-19 pandemic subsides; competitive conditions; BBX Capital’s liquidity and the availability of capital; the effects and duration of steps BBX Capital takes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including the risk of lease defaults and the inability to rehire or replace furloughed employees; risks related to BBX Capital’s indebtedness, including the potential for accelerated maturities and debt covenant violations; the risk of heightened litigation as a result of actions taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic; risks that the Company may recognize further impairment losses, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumers, including, but not limited to, their income, their level of discretionary spending both during and after the pandemic, and their views towards the retail and other industries in which BBX Capital operates;

·

Risks and uncertainties affecting BBX Capital and its results, operations, markets, products, services and business strategies, and the risks and uncertainties associated with its ability to successfully implement its currently anticipated plans, and its ability to generate earnings under the current business strategy;

·

Risks and uncertainties relating to the spin-off of BBX Capital from BVH, including that it may not result in the benefits anticipated for BBX Capital to the extent expected or at all, and other risks related to the spin-off described in the “Risk Factors” section hereof;

·

The performance of entities in which BBX Capital has made investments may not be profitable or achieve anticipated results;

·

Risks associated with acquisitions, asset or subsidiary dispositions, or debt or equity financings which BBX Capital may consider or pursue from time to time;

·

Risks of cybersecurity threats, including the potential misappropriation of assets or confidential information, corruption of data or operational disruptions;

·

The updating of, and developments with respect to, technology, including the cost involved in updating our technology and the impact that any failure to keep pace with developments in technology could have on our operations or competitive position and our information technology expenditures may not result in the expected benefits;

·

The ability of BBX Capital’s subsidiaries to compete effectively in the highly competitive industries in which they operate;

·

The Company’s ability to maintain the integrity of internal or customer data, the failure of which could result in damage to our reputation and/or subject us to costs, fines or lawsuits;

·

The Company’s relationships with key customers and suppliers may be materially diminished or terminated;

·

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP involves making estimates, judgments and assumptions, and any changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions used could have a material adverse impact on the financial condition and

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operating results of BBX Capital or its subsidiaries;

·

The impact on BBX Capital’s consolidated financial statements and internal control over financial reporting of the adoption of new accounting standards;

·

Audits of BBX Capital’s or its subsidiaries’ federal or state tax returns, including that they may result in the imposition of additional taxes;

·

Damage to the reputation of BBX Capital or any of its subsidiaries could harm BBX Capital’s business, financial condition and results of operations;

·

The Company’s businesses are subject to various governmental regulations, laws and orders, compliance with which may result in significant expenses, and any noncompliance could result in civil or criminal penalties or other liabilities;

·

The outcome of litigation, inquiries, investigations, examinations or other legal proceedings is inherently uncertain and could subject the Company to significant monetary damages or restrictions on the Company’s ability to do business;

·

Risks that natural disasters and other acts of god may adversely impact the Company’s financial condition and operating results, including, without limitation, due to damage to physical assets or interruption of access to physical assets or operations:

·

Any damage to physical assets or interruption of access to physical assets or operations resulting from public health issues, such as the recent coronavirus outbreak, or from hurricanes, earthquakes, fires, floods, windstorms or other natural disasters, which may increase in frequency or severity due to climate change or other factors;

·

The risk that creditors of BBX Capital’s subsidiaries or other third-parties may seek to recover distributions or dividends, if any, made by such subsidiaries to BBX Capital or other amounts owed by such subsidiaries to such creditors or third-parties; and

·

If BBX Capital issues additional shares of its Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or other securities, including in connection with acquisitions, investments or financings or pursuant to equity compensation plans, BBX Capital’s shareholders would experience dilution and any preferred stock declared and issued could include dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption and liquidation preferences, any or all of which may be greater than the rights of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock or otherwise adversely affect the holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock, including the likelihood that holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock would receive dividend payments and payments on liquidation, or the amounts thereof.



With respect to BBX Capital Real Estate, the risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:



·

Risks and uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, as described above;

·

The impact of economic, competitive, and other factors affecting BBX Capital Real Estate and its assets, including the impact of a decline in real estate values on BBX Capital Real Estate’s business and the value of BBX Capital Real Estate’s assets;

·

Risks that the investment in the Altman Companies may not realize the anticipated benefits and will increase the Company’s exposure to risks associated with the multifamily real estate development and construction industry;

·

The risk of additional impairments of real estate assets;

·

The risks associated with investments in real estate developments and joint ventures include:

o

exposure to downturns in the real estate and housing markets;

o

exposure to risks associated with real estate development activities, including severe weather conditions increasing costs, delaying construction, causing uninsured losses or reducing demand for homes;

o

environmental liabilities, including claims with respect to mold or hazardous or toxic substances;

o

risks associated with obtaining necessary zoning and entitlements;

o

risks that joint venture partners may not fulfill their obligations and concentration risks associated with entering into numerous joint ventures with the same joint venture partner;

o

risks relating to reliance on third-party developers or joint venture partners to complete real estate projects;

o

risk associated with increasing interest rates, as the majority of the development costs and sales of residential communities is financed;

o

risks associated with not finding tenants for multifamily apartments or buyers for single-family homes and townhomes;

o

risk associated with finding equity partners, securing financing, and selling newly built multifamily apartments;

o

risk associated with rising land and construction costs;

o risk that the projects will not be developed as anticipated or be profitable; and

o risk associated with customers or vendors not performing on their contractual obligations.   



With respect to BBX Sweet Holdings, Renin and other operating businesses, the risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:



·

Risks and uncertainties related to the COVID-19 pandemic, as described above;

·

Risks that investments will not achieve the returns anticipated;

·

Risks that the subsidiaries’ business plans will not be successful;

·

Risks that market demand for the subsidiaries’ products could decline;

·

The risk of impairment losses associated with declines in the value of the Company’s investments in operating businesses or the Company’s inability to recover its investments;

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·

Risks that the reorganization of certain confectionery businesses and operations may not achieve anticipated operating efficiencies and reduction in operating losses and that the implementation of strategic alternatives, including the sale or disposal of certain operations, will result in additional losses;

·

Failure of the Company’s confectionery businesses to meet financial metrics may necessitate BBX Capital making further capital contributions or advances to the businesses or a decision not to support underperforming businesses; 

·

Risks associated with increased commodity costs or a limited availability of commodities;

·

Risks associated with product recalls or product liability claims;

·

The risk of losses associated with excess and obsolete inventory and the risks of additional required reserves for lower of cost or market value losses in inventory;

·

For Renin, the risk of trade receivable losses and the risks of charge-offs and required increases in the allowance for expected credit losses;

·

Risks associated with the performance of vendors, commodity price volatility, shipping costs to deliver raw materials and finished products from foreign countries, and the impact of tariffs on goods imported from Canada and Asia, particularly with respect to Renin;

·

For Renin, risks associated with exposure to foreign currency exchange risk of the U.S. dollar compared to the Canadian dollar;

·

The amount and terms of indebtedness associated with the operations and capital expenditures of the subsidiaries may impact their financial condition and results of operations and limit their activities;

·

For Renin, risks that its acquisition of Colonial Elegance may not be cash accretive immediately or at all; that net income may not be generated when anticipated or at all or the acquisition may result in net losses;

·

For Renin, risk that the integration of Colonial Elegance may not be completed on a timely basis or as anticipated or that the anticipated expansion or growth opportunities will not be achieved or if achieved will not be advantageous; and

·

Requirements for operating and capital expenditures may require BBX Capital to make capital contributions or advances.



In additions, there are risks and uncertainties inherent in the bankruptcy proceedings of IT’SUGAR, including the inability to predict the effect of IT’SUGAR’s reorganization and/or liquidation process on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition, the risk that further impairment charges may be required in the future, risks relating to IT’SUGAR’s ability to develop, prosecute, confirm and consummate a plan of reorganization or liquidation, and through the Chapter 11 process, reach agreement with its landlords or other third parties, and the risk that creditors of IT’SUGAR may assert claims against BBX Capital or any of its subsidiaries (other than IT’SUGAR) and that BBX Capital’s or its subsidiary’s assets may become subject to or included in IT’SUGAR’s bankruptcy case.



These and other risks and uncertainties disclosed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of the forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of the forward-looking statements.



Given these uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, and you should read this Annual Report on Form 10-K with the understanding that actual future results, levels of activity, performance, and events and circumstances may be materially different from what the Company expects.



Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, including to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date of this report.



In addition to the risks and factors identified above, reference is also made to the other risks and factors described in this report, including the “Risk Factors” section hereof, and the other reports filed by the Company with the SEC.  





 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS



We are subject to various risks and uncertainties relating to or arising out of the nature of our subsidiaries’ businesses, operations and investments, and general business, economic, financing, legal, regulatory, and other factors and conditions. New risk factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to either predict all risk factors or assess all potential impacts of any factor, or combination of factors, on the Company or its subsidiaries, including with respect to their operations, results and financial condition.  Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know about or currently believe are not material may also adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. The risks discussed below also include forward-looking statements, and actual results and events may differ substantially from those expressed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” above.



Risks Related to BBX Capital and its Subsidiaries



The COVID-19 pandemic has had and the current and uncertain future outlook may continue to have a material adverse effect on our business financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.



The COVID-19 pandemic has been, and continues to be, an unprecedented disruption in the U.S. and global economies and its rapid spread, as well as the escalating measures governments, private organizations and individuals have implemented in order to stem the spread of this pandemic, have had, and are expected to continue to have, a material adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition, including due to government ordered travel restrictions, restrictions on business operations, stay at home orders and guidelines, a recessionary economic environment, reduced consumer demand for our products and services, delays in our supply chain and increased costs of goods and transportation. The adverse impact of the pandemic across the Company’s investments and on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition has been, and is expected to continue to be, material. Furthermore, while it is not currently possible to accurately assess the expected duration and severity of the pandemic on the Company’s operations, additional restrictions or other events stemming from the pandemic, including a further resurgence of COVID-19 infections globally, nationally, or in regions where the Company has significant operations, could further lengthen or exacerbate these adverse effects. The Company expects that demand for certain of the Company’s products and services may remain weak for a significant length of time, and the Company cannot predict if and when the Company’s operations will return to pre-pandemic levels.



Steps we have implemented in an attempt to mitigate the effects of the pandemic on our business and to preserve liquidity may themselves have negative consequences with respect to our business and operations, including by reducing sales. In addition, the cost savings we are seeking to achieve from these measures will not be recognized immediately and will not completely offset the decrease in revenues and other adverse impacts of the pandemic.



Our operations could also be negatively affected further if our employees are quarantined or sickened as a result of exposure to COVID-19, or if they are subject to governmental COVID-19 curfews or “shelter in place” health orders. Measures restricting the ability of employees to come to work may adversely impact  our service or operations, all of which could negatively affect our business.



We are unable to predict how long these conditions will persist, what additional measures may be introduced by governments or private parties or what effect any such additional measures may have on our business. Furthermore, not only is the duration of the pandemic and combative measures unknown, the overall situation is extremely fluid, and it is impossible to predict the timing of future changes in the situation and what their impact may be on our business. At this time we are also not able to predict whether the COVID-19 pandemic will result in permanent changes in our customers’ behavior, which may include continued or permanent decreases in discretionary spending and reductions in demand for retail store and confectionery products, home improvement products or real estate, each of which would have a material adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition.



BBX Capital relies on cash on hand and dividends from its subsidiaries.



BBX Capital relies on its cash and cash equivalents, interest payments received by it pursuant to the terms of the $75 million note issued to it by BVH in connection with the spin-off of BBX Capital on September 30, 2020, and dividends from its subsidiaries in order to fund its operations and investments. During the year ended December 31, 2020, cash used from operations was $6.2 million and during the year ended December 31, 2019 cash generated from operations was $22.7 million.



If cash flow is not sufficient to fund BBX Capital’s liquidity needs or BBX Capital otherwise determines it is advisable to do so, BBX Capital might seek to liquidate some of its investments or seek to fund its operations with the proceeds of additional equity or debt financing. Such financing may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all, and if BBX Capital chooses to liquidate its investments, it may be forced to do so at depressed prices. Further, BVH may elect to defer interest payments due under its note to BBX Capital. See the risk factor below entitled “BVH may incur additional indebtedness and may defer interest payments under its $75 million promissory note to BBX Capital.”



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BBX Capital’s acquisitions and investments may generate losses, require it to obtain additional financing and expose it to additional risks.



BBX Capital has made investments in and acquisitions of operating companies, such as its 50% equity interest investment in The Altman Companies and its acquisitions of Renin, IT’SUGAR and businesses in the confectionery industry. In addition, Renin acquired Colonial Elegance during October 2020. BBX Capital may also seek to make opportunistic investments outside of its existing portfolio. Some of these investments and acquisitions may be material. While BBX Capital seeks to make investments and acquisitions in companies that provide opportunities for growth, its investments or acquisitions may not prove to be successful or, even if successful, may not initially generate income, or may generate income on an irregular basis or over a long time period. Accordingly, our results of operations may vary significantly on a quarterly basis and from year to year as a result of acquisitions and investments. Acquisitions or investments expose BBX Capital to the risks of the businesses acquired or invested in. Acquisitions and investments entail numerous risks, including:



·

Risks associated with achieving profitability;

·

Risks associated with the availability and costs of obtaining goods and commodities;

·

Difficulties in integrating and assimilating acquired management, acquired company founders, and operations;

·

Losses and unforeseen expenses or liabilities;

·

Risks associated with entering new markets in which we have no or limited prior experience;

·

The potential loss of key employees or founders of acquired organizations;

·

Risks associated with transferred assets and liabilities; and

·

The incurrence of significant due diligence expenses relating to acquisitions, including with respect to those that are not completed.



BBX Capital may not be able to integrate or profitably manage acquired businesses, including Renin, businesses in the confectionery industry, Colonial Elegance and its other operating businesses or its investment in The Altman Companies, without substantial costs, delays, or other operational or financial difficulties, including difficulties in integrating information systems and personnel and establishing control environment processes across acquired businesses. Further, BBX Capital may not be able to monitor the day to day activities of its investments in joint ventures, and failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, to the extent that operating businesses are acquired outside the United States or the State of Florida, there will be additional risks related to compliance with foreign regulations and laws including tax laws, labor laws, currency fluctuations and geographic economic conditions.



BVH may incur additional indebtedness, may defer interest payments under its $75 million promissory note to BBX Capital and may not satisfy its obligations to the Company.



In connection with BVH’s spin-off of BBX Capital on September 30, 2020, BVH executed a $75 million promissory note in favor of BBX Capital. Amounts outstanding under the note accrue interest at a rate of 6% per annum. The note requires payments of interest only on a quarterly basis; provided however that interest payments may be deferred at the option of BVH, with interest on the entire outstanding balance thereafter to accrue at a cumulative, compounded rate of 8% per annum until such time as BVH is current on all accrued payments under the note, including deferred interest. All outstanding amounts under the note will become due and payable in five years or upon certain events. As a result of the spin-off, BVH is a Bluegreen Vacations holding company and will in future periods rely primarily on dividends from Bluegreen in order to meet its obligations, including its debt service requirements.  Bluegreen’s business has been adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and Bluegreen has suspended the payment of regular quarterly cash dividends. There is no assurance that Bluegreen will resume  the payment of regular dividends consistent with prior periods, in the time frames or amounts previously paid, or at all, or pay any special cash dividends in the future. If BVH does not receive sufficient dividends from Bluegreen, BVH may be unable to satisfy its debt service obligations, including payments under the promissory note to BBX Capital. In addition, BVH may in the future seek additional funds from third party sources, which may include the incurrence of additional indebtedness. Any such additional indebtedness would increase BVH’s debt service requirements and may impair BVH’s ability to satisfy its payment obligations under its promissory note to BBX Capital. BVH’s promissory note to BBX Capital is unsecured.



BBX Capital may issue additional securities at BBX Capital or its subsidiaries and BBX Capital and its subsidiaries can incur additional indebtedness.



BBX Capital from time to time may pursue transactions involving the sale of its subsidiaries or investments or other transactions which would result in a decrease in BBX Capital’s ownership interest in its subsidiaries. There is no assurance that any such transactions, if pursued and consummated, will generate a profit or otherwise be advantageous to BBX Capital.



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BBX Capital may in the future also seek to raise funds through the issuance of debt or equity securities. There is generally no restriction on BBX Capital’s ability to issue debt or equity securities which are pari passu or have a preference over its Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. Authorized but unissued shares of BBX Capital’s capital stock are available for issuance from time to time at the discretion of BBX Capital’s board of directors, and any such issuances may be dilutive to BBX Capital’s shareholders and could cause the market price of BBX Capital’s common stock to decline.



BBX Capital and its subsidiaries have in the past and may in the future incur significant amounts of debt. Further, additional indebtedness could have important effects on BBX Capital, including that debt service requirements will reduce cash available for operations, future investment and acquisition opportunities and payments of dividends, if any, and that increased leverage could impact BBX Capital’s liquidity and increase its vulnerability to adverse economic or market conditions. Additionally, agreements relating to additional indebtedness could contain financial covenants and other restrictions limiting BBX Capital’s operations and its ability to pay dividends, if any, borrow additional funds or acquire or dispose of assets, and expose BBX Capital to the risks of being in default of such covenants.

If BBX Capital cannot generate sufficient cash flow from operations to meet future debt payment obligations or to comply with its loan covenants, then BBX Capital may be required to attempt to restructure or refinance such debt, raise additional capital or take other actions such as selling assets, or reducing or delaying capital expenditures. There is no assurance that BBX Capital will be able to effect any such actions or do so on satisfactory terms, if at all, or that such actions would be permitted by the terms of BBX Capital’s indebtedness.



Substantial sales of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock could adversely affect the market prices of such securities.



Substantial sales of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock, including sales of shares by controlling shareholders and management, or the perception in the market that such sales will occur, could adversely affect the market prices of such securities. Other than shareholders that are affiliates of BVH, shareholders of BVH who received shares of BBX Capital’s common stock in connection with the spin-off generally may sell those shares without restriction. Shareholders may decide to sell the shares received in the spin-off for any reason, including if, among other things, BBX Capital’s common stock does not fit their investment objectives or, in the case of index funds, if BBX Capital is not part of the index in which they invest.



Alan B. Levan, John E. Abdo, Jarett S. Levan and Seth M. Wise’s control position may adversely affect the market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.



Alan B. Levan, the Chairman of BBX Capital, John E. Abdo, the Vice Chairman of BBX Capital, Jarett S. Levan, the son of Mr. Alan Levan and the Chief Executive Officer and President and a director of BBX Capital, and Seth M. Wise, Executive Vice President and a director of BBX Capital, currently collectively beneficially own shares of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock representing approximately 79% of the total voting power of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. Accordingly, and because holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock vote as a single class on most matters, including the election of directors, as described below, Mr. Alan Levan, Mr. Abdo, Mr. Jarett Levan and Mr. Wise, without the vote or consent of any other shareholder of BBX Capital, have the voting power to elect BBX Capital’s directors and to control the outcome of any other vote of BBX Capital’s shareholders, except in limited circumstances where Florida law mandates that the holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock vote as a separate class. This control position may have an adverse effect on the market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. In addition, their interests may conflict with the interests of BBX Capital’s other shareholders.



BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation provide for fixed relative voting percentages between BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.



BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation provide for holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock to generally vote together as a single class, including with respect to the election of directors, with holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock possessing in the aggregate 22% of the total voting power of all common stock and holders of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock possessing in the aggregate the remaining 78% of the total voting power. These relative voting percentages will remain fixed unless the number of shares of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases to 360,000 shares, at which time the aggregate voting power of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock will increase to 40% and the aggregate voting power of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock will decrease to 60%. If the number of shares of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases to 280,000 shares, then the aggregate voting power of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock will increase to 53% and the aggregate voting power of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock will decrease to 47%. If the number of shares of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases to 100,000 shares, then the fixed voting percentages will be eliminated and each share of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock will be entitled to one vote per share. The share thresholds set forth above are subject to equitable adjustment to reflect any stock split, reverse stock split or similar transaction. The changes in the relative voting power represented by each class of BBX Capital’s common stock are based only on the number of shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding, thus issuances of Class A Common Stock will have no effect on these provisions. If additional shares of  Class A Common

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Stock are issued without a comparative increase in the number of outstanding shares of Class B Common Stock, the disparity between the equity interest represented by BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock and its voting power will widen. In addition, shareholders who hold shares of both BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, including Alan B. Levan, John E. Abdo, Jarett S. Levan and Seth M. Wise, are able to sell shares of Class A Common Stock without affecting in any material respect their overall voting interest. The fixed voting percentages between BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock may have an adverse impact on the market price of such securities.



Provisions in BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, BBX Capital’s rights agreement, and provisions of Florida law may make it difficult for a third party to acquire BBX Capital and could impact the price of, or otherwise adversely impact, BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.



BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws contain provisions that could delay, defer or prevent a change of control of BBX Capital or its management. These provisions could make it more difficult for shareholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. As a result, these provisions could limit the price that investors are willing to pay in the future for shares of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock. These provisions include:



·

the provisions in BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation regarding the special voting rights of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock;

·

subject to the special class voting rights of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock under certain circumstances, the authority of BBX Capital’s Board of Directors to issue additional shares of common or preferred stock and to fix the relative rights and preferences of the preferred stock without shareholder approval, as described in further detail below; and

·

advance notice procedures to be complied with by shareholders in order to make shareholder proposals or nominate directors.



In addition, in connection with the spin-off, BBX Capital entered into a rights agreement substantially similar to the rights agreement adopted by BVH in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. The rights plan agreement generally provides a deterrent to any person or group from acquiring 5% or more of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock, or total combined common stock without the prior approval of BBX Capital’s Board of Directors. Accordingly, the rights agreement may have an anti-takeover effect and will be an impediment to a proposed takeover which is not approved by BBX Capital’s Board of Directors.



Further, due to the control position of Mr. Alan Levan, Mr. Abdo, Mr. Jarett Levan and Mr. Wise with respect to BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock, as described above, a change in control or sale of BBX Capital, or any other action which requires the affirmative vote of holders of shares of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock representing a majority of the voting power of such stock, will be impossible without the consent of Mr. Alan Levan, Mr. Abdo, Mr. Jarett Levan and Mr. Wise, and Mr. Alan Levan, Mr. Abdo, Mr. Jarett Levan and Mr. Wise’s interests may conflict with the interests of BBX Capital’s other shareholders. Further, subject to certain limited exceptions set forth therein, the rights agreement prevents other shareholders from acquiring a greater than 5% ownership position in BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or total combined common stock and, accordingly, may prevent a meaningful challenge to the influence of Mr. Alan Levan, Mr. Abdo, Mr. Jarett Levan and Mr. Wise over BBX Capital, including matters submitted for shareholder approval.



Additionally, pursuant to BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation and Florida law, subject to the separate voting rights of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock in certain circumstances, BBX Capital’s Board of Directors may, without the consent of BBX Capital’s shareholders, approve the issuance of authorized but unissued shares of BBX Capital’s securities and fix the relative rights and preferences of preferred stock. If BBX Capital issues additional shares of its Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or other securities, its shareholders would experience dilution. In addition, any preferred stock declared and issued could include dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption and liquidation preferences, any or all of which may be greater than the rights of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock or otherwise adversely affect the holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock, including the likelihood that holders of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock would receive dividend payments and payments on liquidation, or the amounts thereof. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing flexibility in connection with possible acquisitions, financing transactions and other corporate purposes, could also, among other things, have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control or other corporate actions, and might adversely affect the market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock.



In addition, as a Florida corporation, BBX Capital is also subject to the provisions of the Florida Business Corporation Act (the “FBCA”), including those limiting the voting rights of “control shares.” Under the FBCA, subject to certain exceptions, including mergers and acquisitions effected in accordance with the FBCA, the holder of “control shares” of a Florida corporation that has (i) 100 or more shareholders, (ii) its principal place of business, its principal office or substantial assets in Florida and (iii) either more than 10% of its shareholders residing in Florida, more than 10% of its shares owned by Florida residents or 1,000 shareholders residing in Florida, will not have the right to vote those shares unless the acquisition of the shares was approved by a majority of each class of voting securities of the corporation, excluding those shares held by interested persons. “Control shares” are defined in the FBCA as shares acquired by a person, either directly or indirectly, that when added to all other shares of the issuing corporation owned by that person, would entitle

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that person to exercise, either directly or indirectly, voting power within any of the following ranges: (i) 20% or more but less than 33% of all voting power of the corporation’s voting securities; (ii) 33% or more but less than a majority of all voting power of the corporation’s voting securities; or (iii) a majority or more of all of the voting power of the corporation’s voting securities.



BBX Capital’s Bylaws contain an exclusive forum provision, which could impair the ability of shareholders to obtain a favorable judicial forum for certain disputes with BBX Capital or its directors, officers or other employees and be cost-prohibitive to shareholders.



BBX Capital’s Bylaws contain an exclusive forum provision which provides that, unless its Board of Directors consents to the selection of an alternative forum, the Circuit Court located in Miami-Dade County, Florida (or, if such Circuit Court does not have jurisdiction, another Circuit Court located within Florida or, if no Circuit Court located within Florida has jurisdiction, the federal district court for the Southern District of Florida) will be the sole and exclusive forum for “Covered Proceedings,” which include: (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on BBX Capital’s behalf; (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any of BBX Capital’s directors, officers or other employees to BBX Capital or its shareholders; (iii) any action asserting a claim against BBX Capital or any of its directors, officers or other employees arising pursuant to any provision of the FBCA, or BBX Capital’s Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws (in each case, as may be amended or amended and restated from time to time); and (iv) any action asserting a claim against BBX Capital or any of its directors, officers or other employees governed by the internal affairs doctrine of the State of Florida. To the extent within the categories set forth in the preceding sentence, Covered Proceedings include causes of action under the Exchange Act and the Securities Act. The exclusive forum provision also provides that if any Covered Proceeding is filed in a court other than a court located within Florida in the name of any shareholder, then such shareholder shall be deemed to have consented to (a) the personal jurisdiction of the state and federal courts located within Florida in connection with any action brought in any such court to enforce the exclusive forum provision and (b) having service of process made upon such shareholder in any such enforcement action by service upon such shareholder’s counsel in the action as agent for such shareholder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, shareholders cannot waive compliance with the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder. The exclusive forum provision may limit a shareholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with BBX Capital or its directors, officers or other employees or be cost-prohibitive to shareholders, which may discourage such lawsuits against BBX Capital or its directors, officers and other employees. However, there is uncertainty regarding whether a court would enforce the exclusive forum provision. If a court were to find the exclusive forum provision to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, BBX Capital may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect BBX Capital’s financial condition and operating results.



BBX Capital does not plan to pay dividends on its common stock.



BBX Capital does not currently anticipate paying any cash dividends for the foreseeable future. BBX Capital’s dividend policy is established by BBX Capital’s Board of Directors based on BBX Capital’s financial condition, results of operations and capital requirements, as well as other business considerations that BBX Capital’s Board considers relevant. Further, the terms of BBX Capital’s indebtedness may limit or prohibit the payments of dividends.



Utilizing the reduced disclosure requirements applicable to BBX Capital may make BBX Capital’s common stock less attractive to investors.



BBX Capital qualifies as an “emerging growth company” and is therefore eligible to utilize certain reduced reporting and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. Pursuant to these reduced disclosure requirements, BBX Capital is not required to, among other things, provide certain disclosures regarding executive compensation, hold shareholder advisory votes on executive compensation or obtain shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments, and BBX Capital has reduced financial disclosure obligations. BBX Capital would cease to be an emerging growth company upon the earliest of: (i) December 31, 2025; (ii) the last day of the fiscal year in which BBX Capital has $1.07 billion or more in annual revenues; (iii) the date on which BBX Capital has issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt securities during the previous three-year period; and (iv) the date on which BBX Capital is deemed to be a “large accelerated filer” (which is the last day of the fiscal year during which the total market value of BBX Capital’s common equity securities held by non-affiliates is $700 million or more, calculated as of the end of the second quarter (June 30) of such fiscal year).

In addition, if BBX Capital qualifies as a “smaller reporting company,” in which case BBX Capital would be eligible to utilize the reduced disclosure requirements available to smaller reporting companies even after BBX Capital ceases to be an emerging growth company. The reduced disclosure requirements available to smaller reporting companies are similar to those available to emerging growth companies, including reduced financial and executive compensation disclosures. Under current SEC rules, BBX Capital will become a smaller reporting company if, as of June 30, 2021, the total market value of BBX Capital’s common equity securities held by non-affiliates is less than $200 million.

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BBX Capital intends to utilize the reduced reporting requirements and available exemptions for so long as BBX Capital is permitted to do so. Investors may find BBX Capital’s common stock to be less attractive as a result of its utilization of the reduced disclosure requirements and exemptions, which may have a material, adverse effect on the trading market and market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.



Risks Related to the Spin-Off



BBX Capital may be unable to achieve some or all of the expected benefits of the spin-off, and the spin-off may adversely affect BBX Capital’s business.



As a new, publicly-traded company, as a result of BVH’s spin-off of BBX Capital on September 30, 2020, BBX Capital may be more susceptible to market fluctuations and other adverse events than BBX Capital would have been were it still a part of BVH’s organization. BBX Capital’s performance may not meet expectations for a variety of reasons and there is no assurance that BBX Capital will achieve profitability or succeed as a separate public company.



BBX Capital’s ability to meet its capital needs may be adversely impacted by the loss of financial support from BVH; BBX Capital may not be able to obtain funds necessary to operate its business or to contribute to its subsidiaries.



The loss of financial support from BVH could materially impact BBX Capital’s ability to meet its capital needs. In the event that BBX Capital’s cash and cash equivalents, payments received by BBX Capital pursuant to the terms of the $75 million note issued to it by BVH in connection with the spin-off and dividends from BBX Capital’s subsidiaries are insufficient to fund BBX Capital’s operations and investments, it will be necessary for BBX Capital to seek to obtain funds through accessing the capital or debt markets, and not from BVH. As a standalone company apart from BVH’s organization, the cost of financing may depend on factors such as, among other things, BBX Capital’s performance and financial market conditions generally. Accordingly, BBX Capital may not be able to obtain financing or otherwise raise funds necessary to operate its business on favorable terms, or at all. If BBX Capital is unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, BBX Capital may have to significantly delay, scale back or discontinue its investments or operations. Any of these events could significantly adversely impact BBX Capital’s business and prospects and could cause BBX Capital’s stock price to decline. In addition, any debt financing, if available, may restrict BBX Capital’s operations and activities. BBX Capital’s indebtedness could also have other important consequences for holders of BBX Capital’s common stock as described above.  



See also the risk factors entitled “BBX Capital may issue additional securities at BBX Capital or its subsidiaries and BBX Capital and its subsidiaries can incur additional indebtedness” and “BVH may incur additional indebtedness, may defer interest payments under its $75 million promissory note to BBX Capital and may not satisfy its debt obligations to the Company” above.



BBX Capital may be unable to make, on a timely or cost-effective basis, or maintain the changes necessary to operate as a separate, publicly traded company, and BBX Capital may experience increased costs.



BVH has no obligation to provide BBX Capital with assistance other than the obligations and services contained in the agreements between BVH and BBX Capital relating to the spin-off, including the Separation and Distribution Agreement, the Tax Matters Agreement, the Employee Matters Agreement, and the Transition Services Agreement. These services do not include every service that BBX Capital received from BVH prior to the spin-off, and BVH is only obligated to provide the services for limited periods following the spin-off. The agreements relating to such services and to the spin-off were agreed to prior to the spin-off, at a time when BBX Capital’s business was still operated as part of BVH’s organization, and BBX Capital did not have an independent board of directors or management team representing its interests with respect to such agreements.



Following the spin-off and the expiration of the aforementioned agreements, BBX Capital will need to provide internally or obtain from unaffiliated third parties the services BBX Capital will no longer receive from BVH. These services may include, without limitation, legal, accounting, information technology, software development, human resources and other infrastructure support, the effective and appropriate performance of which may be critical to BBX Capital’s operations. BBX Capital may be unable to replace these services in a timely manner or on terms and conditions as favorable as those received from BVH. BBX Capital may be unable to successfully establish or maintain the infrastructure or implement or maintain the changes necessary to operate independently, or may incur additional costs that could adversely affect BBX Capital. If BBX Capital fails to obtain the quality of services necessary to operate effectively or incurs greater costs in obtaining these services, BBX Capital’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.



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As a public company, BBX Capital is now subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including to maintain effective disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, which requires significant resources and management oversight. The procedures implemented by BBX Capital to address the standards and requirements applicable to public companies may not be successful and the costs associated with compliance may be greater than anticipated.



BBX Capital only became a standalone company apart from BVH’s organization upon completion of the spin-off on September 30, 2020, and BBX Capital’s historical financial statements may not be a reliable indicator of BBX Capital’s future results.



Other than as they relate to results subsequent to the completion of the spin-off on September 30, 2020, the historical financial information of BBX Capital included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K have been derived from BVH’s consolidated financial statements and accounting records and does not necessarily reflect what BBX Capital’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows would have been had BBX Capital been a separate, stand-alone entity during the periods presented. BVH did not account for BBX Capital, and BBX Capital was not operated, as a separate, stand-alone company prior to September 30, 2020. Actual costs that may have been incurred if BBX Capital had been a stand-alone company would depend on a number of factors, including the chosen organizational structure, what functions were outsourced or performed by employees, and strategic decisions made in areas such as information technology and infrastructure, and materiality thresholds would have been significantly lower. In addition, the historical information may not be indicative of what BBX Capital’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows will be in the future particularly in light of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on BBX Capital’s businesses, assets and prospects.



BBX Capital’s potential indemnification obligations pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement and disputes under the Separation and Distribution Agreement and other spin-off agreements could have material adverse effects.



Under the Separation and Distribution Agreement pursuant to which the spin-off was consummated, BBX Capital has an obligation to indemnify BVH for liabilities associated with BBX Capital’s business, BVH’s assets and liabilities transferred to BBX Capital in connection with the spin-off, and any breach of BBX Capital’s obligations under the Separation and Distribution Agreement and other agreements entered into between BBX Capital and BVH in connection with the spin-off.  The costs associated with any such indemnification could be significant and have a material adverse effect on BBX Capital’s results and financial condition. In addition, disputes between BBX Capital and BVH could arise in connection with the Separation and Distribution Agreement and other agreements entered into between BBX Capital and BVH in connection with the spin-off.



Risks Related to BBX Capital Real Estate



BBX Capital Real Estate’s business and results of operations have been and may continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.



BBXRE’s operations have been impacted by the pandemic, and it is expected that its operations may continue to be impacted by the pandemic in future periods. While recent construction activities have continued at BBXRE’s existing projects and sales at its single-family home developments have generally returned to pre-pandemic levels following some disruptions in March and April 2020, the effects of the pandemic, including increased unemployment and economic uncertainty generally and in the real estate and credit markets in particular, as well as increases in the number of COVID-19 cases in Florida and throughout the United States, have impacted rental activities at BBXRE’s multifamily apartment developments and increased uncertainty relating to the expected timing and pricing of future sales of multifamily apartment developments, single-family homes, and developed lots at BBXRE’s Beacon Lake Community, as well as the timing and financing of new multifamily apartment developments.



There is no assurance that the real estate market will not be materially adversely impacted by the pandemic or otherwise, that the sales prices of single-family homes will not materially decline, that rents will be paid when due or at all, or that market rents will not be materially adversely affected. Further, while government efforts to delay or forestall evictions and the availability of judicial remedies have not to date materially impacted BBXRE’s operations, they may in the future have an adverse impact on both market values and BBXRE’s operating results. In addition, the effects of the pandemic may impact the costs of construction materials and the cost of operating BBXRE’s real estate assets, including, but not limited to, an increase in property insurance costs indicated by recently obtained quotes of insurance costs that are higher than pre-pandemic levels, which could also have an adverse impact on market values and BBXRE’s operating results. BBXRE will continue to monitor economic and market conditions and may recognize further impairment losses in future periods as a result of various factors, including, but not limited to, material declines in overall real estate values, sales prices for single family homes, and/or rental rates for multifamily apartments.



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Some of BBX Capital Real Estate’s operations are through unconsolidated joint ventures with others, and we may be adversely impacted by a joint venture partner’s failure to fulfill its obligations.



From time to time BBX Capital Real Estate has entered into joint ventures which reduces the amount BBX Capital Real Estate is required to invest in the development of the real estate properties. However, joint venture partners may become financially unable or unwilling to fulfill their obligations under the joint venture agreements. Most joint ventures borrow money to help finance their activities, and although recourse on the loans is generally limited to the managing members, joint ventures and their properties, BBX Capital Real Estate has in some cases and may in the future provide ongoing financial support or guarantees. If joint venture partners do not meet their obligations to the joint venture, BBX Capital Real Estate may be required to make significant expenditures, which may have an adverse effect on our operating results or financial condition. BBX Capital Real Estate has in the past and may in the future hold investments in a number of different joint ventures with the same or related developers, which could increase the adverse effects of any failures by such developer to fulfill its obligations. BBX Capital Real Estate has a substantial investment in The Altman Companies and related investments in Altis multifamily apartment joint ventures developed and managed by The Altman Companies and Mr. Altman. Further, BBX Capital is obligated to increase its ownership in the Altman Companies in 2022 regardless of the performance of the Altman Companies at that time. There is no assurance that the value of the interest that it is required to buy will be equal to or greater than the purchase price. Additionally, BBX Capital Real Estate has contributed $3.8 million to a joint venture with Mr. Altman that guarantees the indebtedness and construction cost overruns of new real estate joint ventures established by The Altman Companies, which increases BBX Capital Real Estate’s risk of loss in connection with its real estate joint venture investments managed by Mr. Altman and The Altman Companies.



Investments by BBX Capital Real Estate in real estate developments directly or through joint ventures expose it to market and economic risks inherent in the real estate construction and development industry.



The real estate construction and development industry is highly competitive and subject to numerous risks which in many cases are beyond management’s control. The success of BBX Capital Real Estate’s investments in real estate developments is dependent on many factors, including:



·

Demand for or oversupply of new homes, finished lots, rental apartments and commercial real estate;

·

Demand for commercial real estate tenants;

·

Real estate market values;

·

Changes in capitalization rates impacting real estate values;

·

Availability of talented individuals in the development industry;

·

Availability and reasonable pricing of skilled labor;

·

Availability and reasonable pricing of construction materials, such as lumber, framing, concrete and other building materials, including increases associated with tariffs;

·

Changes in laws and regulations for new construction and land entitlements, including environmental and zoning laws and regulations;

·

Natural disasters and severe weather conditions increasing costs, delaying construction, causing uninsured losses or reducing demand for new homes;

·

Availability and cost of mortgage financing for potential purchasers;

·

Inventory of foreclosed homes negatively impacting selling prices;

·

Mortgage loan interest rates;

·

Availability of land in desirable locations at prices that result in an economically viable project;

·

Availability, delays and costs associated with obtaining permits, approvals or licenses necessary to develop property;

·

Construction defects and product liability claims;

·

Risk of losses resulting from cost overrun guarantees in The Altman Companies’ sponsored projects that require unique high-density apartment developments in certain markets; and

·

General economic conditions.

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Any of these factors could give rise to delays in the start or completion of a project, increase the cost of developing a project, or result in reduced prices and values for BBX Capital’s developments, including developments underlying its joint venture investments. These factors could also result in BBX Capital being unable to identify real estate inventory opportunities which meet its investment criteria. In addition, BBX Capital’s efforts to identify additional investment opportunities, including the development of multifamily apartment communities that will be owned over a longer term investment period and the pursuit of investment opportunities in new geographic locations may not prove to be successful.



A significant portion of BBX Capital Real Estate’s loans and real estate assets are located in Florida, and conditions in the Florida real estate market could adversely affect our earnings and financial condition.



Real estate held for sale, real estate held for investment, real estate developments owned or managed by BBX Capital Real Estate, and the real estate being developed by BBX Capital Real Estate or joint ventures in which BBX Capital Real Estate has invested are primarily concentrated in Florida, and adverse changes to the Florida economy or the real estate market may negatively impact our earnings and financial condition. As a result, BBX Capital Real Estate is exposed to geographic risks of high unemployment rates, declines in the housing industry and declines in the real estate market in Florida. Adverse changes in laws and regulations in Florida, including moratoriums on evictions would have a negative impact on our revenues, financial condition and business. Declines in the Florida housing markets may negatively impact the credit performance of BBX Capital Real Estate’s loans and result in asset impairments. Further, in addition to the impact of the risks and uncertainties of the pandemic, the State of Florida is subject to the risks of natural disasters, such as tropical storms and hurricanes, which may disrupt operations, adversely impact the ability of borrowers to timely repay their loans, adversely impact the value of any collateral securing loans and BBX Capital Real Estate’s portfolio of real estate, or otherwise have an adverse effect on our results of operations. The severity and impact of tropical storms, hurricanes and other weather related events are unpredictable.



BBX Capital Real Estate’s inability to finance its real estate developments through Community Development District Bonds or obtain performance bonds or letters of credit could adversely affect its results of operations and liquidity.



BBX Capital Real Estate is often required to provide performance bonds and letters of credit under construction contracts or development agreements. BBX Capital Real Estate also obtained financing for the construction of infrastructure improvements for its Beacon Lake development in St. Johns County, Florida from the issuance of Community Development Bonds. BBX Capital Real Estate’s ability to obtain performance bonds, letters of credit, or additional issuances of Community Development Bonds is dependent on BBX Capital Real Estate’s credit rating, financial condition, and historical performance. If BBX Capital Real Estate is unable to obtain these bonds or letters of credit or cause the issuance of Community Development Bonds when required or desirable, our results of operations and liquidity could be adversely affected.



In connection with the sale of BankAtlantic to BB&T during July 2012, we acquired nonperforming loans and foreclosed real estate, and our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected if these assets are monetized below their current book values.



As a result of BVH’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, we maintain and manage a portfolio of foreclosed real estate and non-performing loans managed by BBX Capital Real Estate. As a consequence, our financial condition and results of operations will be dependent on BBX Capital Real Estate’s ability to successfully manage and monetize these legacy assets. Further, the loan portfolio and real estate may not be easily salable in the event BBX Capital Real Estate decides to liquidate an asset through a sale transaction. If the legacy assets are not monetized at or near the current book values ascribed to them, or if these assets are liquidated for amounts less than book value, our financial condition and results of operations would be adversely affected. Because a majority of these legacy assets do not generate income on a regular basis, we do not expect to generate significant revenue or income with respect to these assets until such time as an asset is monetized through repayments or BBX Capital Real Estate consummates transactions involving the sale, joint venture or development of the underlying real estate or investments.    



The Company is subject to environmental laws related to its real estate activities including claims with respect to mold or hazardous or toxic substances, which could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and operating results.



As current or previous owners or operators of real property, the Company may be liable under federal, state and local environmental laws, ordinances and regulations for the costs of removal or remediation of hazardous or toxic substances on, under or in the property. These laws often impose liability whether or not we knew of, or were responsible for, the presence of such hazardous or toxic substances. The presence of such substances, or the failure to properly remediate such substances, may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease real estate or to borrow money using such real estate or receivables generated from the sale of such property as collateral. Noncompliance with environmental, health or safety requirements may require us to cease or alter operations at one or more of our properties. Further, we may be subject to common law claims by third parties based on damages and costs resulting from violations of environmental regulations or from contamination associated with one or more of our properties. The cost of investigating, remediating or removing such hazardous or toxic substances may be substantial.

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Risks Related to BBX Sweet Holdings



The COVID-19 pandemic has had and the current and uncertain future outlook may continue to have a material adverse effect on BBX Sweet Holdings’ business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.



In March 2020, as a result of various factors, including government-mandated closures and Centers of Disease Control “CDC” and World Health Organization “WHO” advisories in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, IT’SUGAR closed all of its retail locations and furloughed all store employees and the majority of its corporate employees. Between May 2020 and September 2020, IT’SUGAR reopened nearly all of its approximately 100 locations that were open prior to the pandemic as part of a phased reopening plan which included revised store floor plans, increased sanitation protocols, and the gradual recall of furloughed store and corporate employees to full or part-time employment. However, from time to time, IT’SUGAR has been required to close previously reopened locations as a result of various factors, including government-mandated closures and staffing shortages.  Although IT’SUGAR was generally able to reopen its retail locations, IT’SUGAR was unable to maintain sufficient liquidity to sustain its operations and as a result, on September 22, 2020, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Florida. 



In addition to the material adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IT’SUGAR’s operations, BBX Sweet Holdings’ other operations have also been impacted by the pandemic. In March 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates closed all of its retail locations to customer traffic and limited sales to curbside pickup (where allowable by government mandates) and online customers, and during the three months ended June 30, 2020, it commenced a phased reopening of its locations to customer traffic. As of July 1, 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates had reopened all of its locations, and its sales volumes during the six months ended December 31, 2020 were approximately 72% of pre-pandemic levels (as compared to the comparable period in 2019). Although Las Olas Confections and Snacks experienced a decline in sales through the second quarter of 2020, its manufacturing and distribution processes were not materially impacted by the pandemic during the year ended December 31, 2020.



The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on demand, sales levels, and consumer behavior, as well as the current recessionary economic environment, have had and could continue to have a material adverse effect on BBX Sweet Holdings business, results of operations, and financial condition.



The impact of the IT’SUGAR Bankruptcy Cases on IT’SUGAR and its business and on the Company is uncertain and difficult to predict.



In order to successfully exit the Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Cases, IT’SUGAR will need to propose, confirm and consummate a Reorganization Plan.  While IT’SUGAR has submitted a Reorganization Plan to the Bankruptcy Court, there is no assurance that its Reorganization Plan will be confirmed.  Third parties, including the Creditors’ Committee appointed by the United States Trustee, may object to IT’SUGAR’s Reorganization Plan or seek approval to propose and confirm a competing Reorganization Plan.  Further, if the Bankruptcy Court does not confirm the Reorganization Plan filed by IT’SUGAR or filed by a third party, the Bankruptcy Cases could be converted to cases under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code, or the Bankruptcy Court could dismiss the Bankruptcy Cases.



There is also no assurance that IT’SUGAR’s creditors will not seek to assert claims against BBX Capital or any of its subsidiaries other than IT’SUGAR, whether or not such claims have any merit, and attempt to include assets of BBX Capital or any of its subsidiaries in the Bankruptcy Cases. In April 2020, a wholly owned subsidiary of BBX Capital Real Estate purchased the $4.3 million aggregate principal balance (plus accrued interest) of IT’SUGAR’s revolving line of credit and equipment note from the respective lenders and subsequently advanced an additional $2.0 million to IT’SUGAR under the existing line of credit facility. Further, in connection with the Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Cases, the same subsidiary of BBX Capital Real Estate provided a $4.0 million credit facility to IT’SUGAR to fund IT’SUGAR’s operations as a debtor-in-possession (the “DIP Financing”), and as of December 31, 2020, the entire $4.0 million had been funded to IT’SUGAR under this facility. The payment by IT’SUGAR of the outstanding amounts under the line of credit and equipment note, as well as the DIP Financing, is subject to the risks inherent in the payment of creditor claims in the Bankruptcy Cases, and there is no assurance that such claims will be satisfied in full, or at all.



Further, even if ITSUGAR is able to exit the Bankruptcy Cases under a Reorganization Plan proposed by IT’SUGAR, there is no assurance that any relief granted to IT’SUGAR from pre-petition obligations and renegotiated lease agreements for its retained retail locations will be sufficient, in light of the continuing uncertainty regarding the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on IT’SUGAR’s operations and the other risks inherent in IT’SUGAR’s business, to enable IT’SUGAR to profitably resume its operations and successfully implement its long-term business and growth strategies.

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BBX Capital’s investment in companies in the confectionery industry may result in additional losses and impairments.



During the past three years, BBX Sweet Holdings exited its candy manufacturing facilities in Utah and South Florida, consolidated its wholesale manufacturing operations in Orlando and centralized the executive management and back office activities in order to improve operating efficiencies and generate cost savings. These strategic initiatives may not be successful, and BBX Sweet Holdings may decide to exit the remaining manufacturing operations. In the event that BBX Sweet Holdings continues to generate losses or exits any of its businesses, this would result in additional losses and adversely affect BBX Sweet Holdings’ results of operations.



Market demand for candy products could decline.



BBX Sweet Holdings confectionery businesses operate in highly competitive markets and compete with larger companies that have greater resources. BBX Sweet Holdings success is impacted by many factors, including the following:



·

Effective retail execution;

·

Effective and cost-efficient advertising campaigns and marketing programs;

·

Availability of an adequate supply of commodities at a reasonable cost;

·

Oversight of product safety;

·

Ability to sell products at competitive prices;

·

Response to changes in consumer preferences and tastes;

·

Changes in consumer health concerns, including obesity and the consumption of certain ingredients; and

·

Concerns related to effects of sugar or other ingredients which may be used to make its products.



A decline in market demand for candy products could negatively affect operating results.



BBX Sweet Holdings may experience product recalls or product liability claims associated with businesses in the confectionery industry.



Selling products for human consumption involves inherent legal and other risks, including product contamination, spoilage, product tampering, allergens, or other adulteration. BBX Sweet Holdings could decide or be required to destroy inventory, recall products or lose sales in connection with contamination, tampering, adulteration or other deficiencies. These events could result in significant losses and may damage the reputation of our confectionery businesses, and discourage consumers from buying products, or cause production and delivery disruptions which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. BBX Sweet Holdings may also incur losses if products cause injury, illness or death. A significant product liability claim may adversely affect both reputation and profitability, even if the claim is unsuccessful.



Risks Related to Renin



The COVID-19 pandemic and the current and uncertain future outlook may have a material adverse effect on Renin’s business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations.



As of December 31, 2020, Renin had continued to operate both of its manufacturing and distribution facilities, source various products and raw materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries. Although Renin has experienced a decline in sales to certain customers as a result of concerns related to the pandemic, these declines have generally been offset by an overall increase in sales through its retail and commercial channels. However, as a result of the effects of the pandemic, Renin has experienced increased costs related to the shipment of products and raw materials and this has impacted its product costs and gross margin. Renin expects that this increase in costs to continue and worsen during 2021.



The effects of the pandemic, including a recessionary economic environment, could have a significant adverse impact on Renin’s results of operations and financial condition in future periods, particularly if an economic downturn is prolonged in nature and impacts consumer demand or the effects of the pandemic result in material disruptions in the supply chains for its products and raw materials, including additional delays in the production and shipment of products and raw materials from foreign suppliers and continued increases in shipping costs. Further, while Renin has begun to diversify its supply chain and transfer the assembly of certain products from foreign suppliers to its own manufacturing facilities, Renin continues to source products and raw materials from China. As a result, disruptions in its supply chain from China as a result of various factors, including closures or delays in the supply chain, could have a material impact on Renin’s cost of product and ability to meet customer demand.



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Renin’s retail sales are concentrated with big-box home center customers, and there is significant competition in the industry.



A significant amount of Renin’s sales are to big-box home centers. These home centers in many instances have significant negotiating leverage with their vendors, including Renin, and are able to affect the prices of the products sold and the terms and conditions of conducting business with them. These home centers may also reduce the number of vendors they purchase from or make significant changes in their volume of purchases. Although homebuilders, dealers and other retailers represent other channels of distribution for Renin’s products, the loss of a home center customer or reduced sales volume at any of these home centers would have a material adverse effect on Renin’s business. Further, Renin has substantial competition from overseas manufacturers of products similar to those sold by Renin. During the year ended December 31, 2020, Renin’s total revenues included $63.6 million of trade sales to two major customers and their affiliates. Revenues from one customer of Renin represented $34.2 million, $20.2 million, and $20.7 million of the Company’s total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which represented 19.7% of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 and nearly 10% of the Company’s revenues for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, while revenue from a second customer of Renin represented $29.4 million of the Company’s total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020, which represented 17.0% of the Company’s revenues during the year ended December 31, 2020.



A significant portion of Renin’s business relies on home improvement and new home construction activity, both of which are cyclical and outside of management’s control.



A significant portion of Renin’s business is dependent on the levels of home improvement activity, including spending on repair and remodeling projects, and new home construction activity. Macroeconomic conditions, including consumer confidence levels, fluctuations in home prices, unemployment and underemployment levels, interest rates, regulatory initiatives, and the availability of home equity loans and mortgage financing affect both discretionary spending on home improvement projects as well as new home construction activity. Adverse changes in these factors or uncertainty regarding these macroeconomic conditions could result in a decline in spending on home improvement projects and a decline in demand for new home construction, both of which could adversely affect Renin’s results of operations.



Renin’s operating results would be negatively impacted if it experiences increased commodity costs or a limited availability of commodities.



Renin purchases various commodities to manufacture products, including steel, aluminum, glass and mirrors. Fluctuations in the availability and prices of these commodities could increase the cost to manufacture products. Further, increases in energy costs could increase production costs, and increases in costs to transport raw materials and finished goods have impacted and could continue to negatively affect its operating results. Renin’s existing arrangements with customers, competitive considerations or delays in deliveries and the relative negotiating power and resistance of home center customers and big-box retailers to price increases make it difficult to increase selling prices to absorb increased production costs. If Renin is not able to increase the prices of its products or achieve other cost savings or productivity improvements to offset any increased commodity and production costs, our operating results could be negatively impacted. Renin purchases raw materials and finished goods from sources in China, Brazil, and certain other countries. Changes in United States trade practices, or tariffs levied on these imports, could significantly impact Renin’s results of operations and financial condition. 



General Risks



The market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock may be volatile or may decline regardless of BBX Capital’s results.



The market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock may be volatile due to a number of factors, many of which are beyond BBX Capital’s control, including those discussed in this “Risk Factors” section and under “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” as well as the following:



·

the failure of securities analysts to cover BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock, or changes in financial estimates by analysts;

·

the inability to meet the financial estimates of analysts who follow BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock;

·

variations in quarterly operating results, including seasonal fluctuations;

·

additions or departures of key personnel;

·

general economic and stock market conditions;

·

regulatory and legal proceedings, investigations and developments;

·

political developments;

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·

changes in accounting principles;

·

changes in tax legislation and regulations;

·

terrorist acts;

·

accumulation of publicly held shares and the timing and amount of future purchase or sales of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or other securities; and

·

investor perceptions with respect to BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock relative to other investment alternatives.



The Company’s technology requires updating, the cost involved in updating the technology may be significant, and the failure to keep pace with developments in technology could impair the Company’s operations or competitive position.



The industries in which the Company does business require the utilization of technology and systems, including technology utilized for sales and marketing, mortgage servicing, property management, brand assurance and compliance. This technology requires continuous updating and refinements, including technology required to remain competitive and to comply with the legal requirements such as privacy regulations and requirements established by third parties. The Company is taking steps to update its information technology platform, which has required, and is likely to continue to require, significant capital expenditures. Older systems which have not yet been updated may increase the risk of operational inefficiencies, financial loss and non-compliance with applicable legal and regulatory requirements, and the Company may not be successful in updating such systems in the time frame or at the cost anticipated. Further, as a result of the rapidly changing technological environment, systems which the Company has put in place or expects to put in place in the near term may become outdated, requiring new technology, and the Company may not be able to replace those systems as quickly as its competition or within budgeted costs and time frames. Further, the Company may not achieve the benefits that may have been anticipated from any new technology or system.



In addition, conversions to new information technology systems require effective change management processes and may result in cost overruns, delays or business interruptions. If the Company’s information technology systems are disrupted, become obsolete, or do not adequately support our strategic, operational, or compliance needs, the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows may be adversely affected.



Information technology failures and failure to maintain the integrity of the Company’s internal or customer data could result in faulty business decisions or operational inefficiencies, damage the Company’s reputation and/or subject the Company to costs, fines, or lawsuits.



The Company relies on information technology (IT) systems, including Internet sites, data hosting facilities and other hardware and platforms, some of which are hosted by third parties. These IT systems, like those of most companies, may be vulnerable to a variety of interruptions and risks, including, but not limited to, natural disasters, telecommunications failures, hackers, and other security issues. Moreover, the Company’s computer systems, like those of most companies, may become subject to computer viruses or other malicious codes, and to cyber or phishing-attacks. Although administrative and technical controls have been implemented which attempt to minimize the risk of cyber incidents, computer intrusion efforts are becoming increasingly sophisticated, and any enhanced controls installed might be breached. If the IT systems cease to function properly, the Company could suffer interruptions in its operations. The Company collects and retains large volumes of internal and customer data, including social security numbers, credit card numbers and other personally identifiable information of its customers in various internal information systems and information systems of its service providers. The Company also maintains personally identifiable information about its employees. The integrity and protection of that customer, employee and company data is critical to the Company and faulty decisions could be made if that data is inaccurate or incomplete. The regulatory environment as well as the requirements imposed on the Company by the payment card industry surrounding information, security and privacy is also increasingly demanding, in both the United States and other jurisdictions in which the Company operates. The Company’s systems may be unable to satisfy changing regulatory and payment card industry requirements and employee and customer expectations, or may require significant additional investments or time in order to do so.



The Company’s information systems and records, including those it maintains with its service providers, may be subject to security breaches, cyberattacks, system failures, viruses, operator error or inadvertent releases of data. A significant theft, loss, or fraudulent use of customer, employee or company data maintained by the Company or by a service provider could adversely impact the Company’s reputation and could result in remedial and other expenses, fines or litigation. A breach in the security of the Company’s information systems or those of its service providers could lead to an interruption in the operation of the Company’s systems, resulting in operational inefficiencies and a loss of profits. This could require the Company to incur significant costs to comply with legally required protocols and to repair or restore the security of its systems.



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The Company’s insurance policies may not cover all potential losses and the cost of insurance may increase.



The Company maintains insurance coverage for liability, property and other risks with respect to its operations and activities. While the Company currently has comprehensive property and liability insurance policies with coverage features and insured limits that it believes are customary, market forces beyond the Company’s control may limit the scope of the insurance coverage it can obtain or ability to obtain coverage at reasonable rates. The cost of insurance may increase and coverage levels may decrease, which may affect the Company’s ability to maintain insurance coverage and deductibles at acceptable costs. There is a limit as well as various sub-limits on the amount of insurance proceeds the Company will receive in excess of applicable deductibles. Further, certain types of losses, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and floods, terrorist acts, and certain environmental matters and business interruptions, may be outside the general coverage limits of the Company’s policies, subject to large deductibles, deemed uninsurable or too cost-prohibitive to insure against. In addition, in the event of a substantial loss, the insurance coverage the Company carries may not be sufficient to pay the full market value or replacement cost of the affected property or in some cases may not provide a recovery for any part of a loss.



If an insurable event occurs that affects more than one of the Company’s assets or properties, the claims from each affected property may in some cases may be considered together and may not in other cases be considered together to determine whether the individual occurrence limit, annual aggregate limit or sub-limits, depending on the type of claim, have been reached. As a result, the Company could lose some or all of its investments, as well as anticipated future revenue opportunities.



Adverse outcomes in legal or other regulatory proceedings, including claims of non-compliance with applicable regulations or development-related defects could adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and operating results.



In the ordinary course of business, the Company is subject to litigation and other legal and regulatory proceedings, which result in significant expenses and devotion of time and the Company may agree to indemnify third parties or its strategic partners from damages or losses associated with such risks. In addition, litigation is inherently uncertain, and adverse outcomes in the litigation and other proceedings to which the Company is or may be subject could adversely affect its financial condition and operating results.



BBX Capital Real Estate engages third-party contractors in its developments. However, BBX Capital Real Estate’s customers may assert claims against BBX Capital Real Estate for construction defects or other perceived development defects, including, without limitation, structural integrity, the presence of mold as a result of leaks or other defects, water intrusion, asbestos, electrical issues, plumbing issues, road construction, water and sewer defects and defects in the engineering of amenities. In addition, certain state and local laws may impose liability on property developers with respect to development defects discovered in the future. BBX Capital Real Estate could have to accrue a significant portion of the cost to repair such defects in the quarter when such defects arise or when the repair costs are reasonably estimable.



Costs associated with litigation, and the outcomes thereof, which in most instances are very difficult to predict, could adversely affect the Company’s liquidity, financial condition and operating results.



The Company’s business may be adversely impacted by negative publicity, including information spread through social media.



The proliferation and global reach of social media continues to expand rapidly and could cause the Company to suffer reputational harm. The continuing evolution of social media presents new challenges. Negative posts or comments about the Company, the properties it manages or its brands on any social networking or user-generated review website, could affect consumer opinions of the Company and its products, and the Company cannot guarantee that it will timely or adequately redress such instances.



The loss of the services of key management and personnel could adversely affect the Company’s business.



The Company’s ability to successfully implement its business strategy will depend on the ability to attract and retain experienced and knowledgeable management and other professional staff. If the Company is unable to retain and motivate its existing employees and efforts to retain and attract key management and other personnel are unsuccessful, the Company’s results of operations and financial condition may be materially and adversely impacted.

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Unexpected events, such as natural disasters, civil unrest, severe weather and terrorist activities, may disrupt the Company’s operations and increase our costs.



The occurrence of one or more unexpected events, including tsunamis, hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other forms of severe weather or civil unrest and/or terrorist activities in countries or regions in which our assets, suppliers or our operating businesses are located could adversely affect our operations and financial performance.



Changes to and replacement of the LIBOR benchmark interest rate could adversely affect our results of operations and liquidity.



In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (the regulatory authority over LIBOR) stated they will plan for a phase out of regulatory oversight of LIBOR interest rate indices after 2021 to allow for an orderly transition to an alternate reference rate. The Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC) has proposed that the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) is the rate that represents best practice as the alternative to LIBOR for promissory notes or other contracts that are currently indexed to LIBOR. The ARRC has proposed a market transition plan to SOFR from LIBOR and organizations are currently working on transition plans as it relates to derivatives and cash markets exposed to LIBOR. The Company currently has $45.6 million of LIBOR indexed notes payable and lines of credit that mature after 2021. Changes in the method of calculating LIBOR, or the replacement of LIBOR with SOFR or another alternative rate or benchmark, may adversely affect interest rates and result in high borrowing costs, which could adversely affect BBX Capital’s results of operations and liquidity. We cannot predict the effect of the potential changes to LIBOR or the establishment and use of alternative rates or benchmarks.



There are inherent uncertainties involved in estimates, judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP. Any changes in estimates, judgments and assumptions used could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and operating results.



The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP involves making estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets (including long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets), liabilities and related reserves, revenues, expenses and income. This includes estimates, judgments and assumptions for assessing the amortization/accretion of purchase accounting fair value differences and the impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets pursuant to applicable accounting guidance. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are often not readily apparent from other sources. However, estimates, judgments and assumptions can be highly uncertain and are subject to change in the future, and our estimates, judgments and assumptions may prove to be incorrect and our actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. If any estimates, judgments or assumptions change in the future, or our actual results differ from our estimates or assumptions, we may be required to record additional expenses or impairment charges, which would be recorded as a charge against our earnings and could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and operating results.



If BBX Capital fails to maintain proper and effective internal controls, its  ability to produce accurate and timely financial statements could be impaired, which could harm its operating results ability to operate its business and its reputation.



As an SEC reporting company, BBX Capital is required to, among other things, maintain a system of effective internal control over financial reporting and to provide annual management reports on the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Ensuring that BBX Capital has adequate internal financial and accounting controls and procedures in place so that it can produce accurate financial statements on a timely basis is a costly and time-consuming effort that needs to be re-evaluated frequently. Substantial work and expenses may continue to be required to implement, document, assess, test and, as necessary, remediate BBX Capital’s system of internal controls. If BBX Capital’s internal control over financial reporting is not effective or if BBX Capital is not able to issue its financial statements in a timely manner, BBX Capital may not be able to comply with the periodic reporting requirements of the SEC, in which case the market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock could materially suffer. In addition, BBX Capital or members of its management could be subject to investigation and sanction by the SEC and other regulatory authorities and to shareholder lawsuits, which could impose significant additional costs on BBX Capital and divert management attention.





 

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ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS



None.

 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES



BBX Capital’s principal executive office is currently located at 301 East Las Olas Boulevard, Suite 201, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 33301, under a lease with an expiration date in October 2021. BBX Capital has executed a lease for a new principal executive office located at 201 East Las Olas Boulevard, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 33301 with occupancy anticipated in October 2021. The lease agreement for the new principal executive office has an initial term of 10 years and provides the Company with the right to renew the lease for three additional terms of five years following the initial term.



BBX Sweet Holdings maintains certain executive offices at the Company’s principal executive office. BBX Sweet Holdings operates six Hoffman’s Chocolates retail locations in South Florida which are subject to leases that expire between 2021 and 2026 and one retail location in Greenacres, Florida that it owns. BBX Sweet Holdings also operates a manufacturing facility in Orlando, Florida which is subject to a lease that expires in 2021, subject to three one-year renewals that may be exercised by the Company. BBX Sweet Holdings also owns a manufacturing facility in Greenacres, Florida.



IT'’SUGAR, which filed for voluntary bankruptcy in September 2020, maintains a principal executive office at 3155 Southwest 10th Street, Deerfield Beach, Florida that is occupied under a lease with an expiration date of October 31, 2024; however, the lease was amended to shorten the expiration date to October 31, 2021, subject to Bankruptcy Court approval. Prior to the bankruptcy filing, IT’SUGAR maintained approximately 100 retail locations in over 25 states and Washington D.C. which are subject to leases that expire between 2021 and 2030. IT’SUGAR is currently negotiating the terms of these leases with the oversight of the Bankruptcy Court, and certain of these leases may be terminated or modified.



Renin’s principal executive office is located at 110 Walker Drive, Brampton, Ontario and is occupied under a lease with an expiration date of December 31, 2027. Renin also leases three manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada, one of which is located at their principal executive office. These leases have expiration dates of December 31, 2022, August 31, 2027, and December 31, 2027. The lease that expires in August 31, 2027 provides Renin with the right to renew the terms of the lease for five years commencing after the expiration date. Renin also leases a warehouse in Canada pursuant to a lease agreement with an expiration date of July 31, 2021 and which provides Renin with the right to renew the lease for three years commencing after the expiration date.



BBX Capital has one lease associated with a restaurant in Palm Beach County acquired through foreclosure with an expiration date in 2030.

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ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS



BBX Capital



In the ordinary course of business, BBX Capital and its subsidiaries are parties to lawsuits as plaintiff or defendant involving its operations and activities. Additionally, from time to time in the ordinary course of business, the Company is involved in disputes with existing and former employees, vendors, taxing jurisdictions, and various other parties and also receives individual consumer complaints as well as complaints received through regulatory and consumer agencies. The Company takes these matters seriously and attempts to resolve any such issues as they arise. The Company may also become subject to litigation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including with respect to any actions we take, fail to take, or may be required to take in response thereof. Although BBX Capital and its subsidiaries believe that they have meritorious defenses in all current legal actions, the outcome of litigation and regulatory matters and timing of ultimate resolution are inherently difficult to predict and uncertain.    



There were no material pending legal proceedings against BBX Capital or its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2020.

 

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE



Not Applicable.

 



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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES



BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock have substantially identical terms, except as follows:



·

Under Florida law and our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, holders of our Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock vote together as a single class on most matters presented for a shareholder vote. On such matters, holders of our Class A Common Stock are entitled to one vote for each share held, with all holders of Class A Common Stock possessing in the aggregate 22% of the total voting power, while holders of Class B Common Stock possess the remaining 78% of the total voting power. If the number of shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases below 360,000 shares but greater than 280,000 shares, the Class A Common Stock’s aggregate voting power will increase to 40%, and the Class B Common Stock will have the remaining 60%. If the number of shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases below 280,000 shares but is greater than 100,000 shares, the Class A Common Stock’s aggregate voting power will increase to 53%, and the Class B Common Stock will have the remaining 47%. If the number of shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding decreases below 100,000 shares, the fixed voting percentages will be eliminated, and holders of our Class A Common Stock and holders of our Class B Common Stock will each be entitled to one vote per share.

·

Each share of Class B Common Stock is convertible at the option of the holder thereof into one share of Class A Common Stock.



In addition to any other approval required by Florida law, the voting structure described in the first bullet point above may not be amended without the approval of holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of our Class B Common Stock, voting as a separate class. Holders of our Class B Common Stock also have certain other special voting rights with respect to matters affecting our capital structure and the Class B Common Stock.



Market Information



In October 2020, BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock commenced trading on the OTCQX Best Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIA,” and its Class B Common Stock commenced trading on the OTC Pink Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIB.” Prior to October 2020, BBX Capital’s common stock was not publicly traded.



On March 8, 2021, there were approximately 173 record holders of our Class A Common Stock and approximately 69 record holders of our Class B Common Stock.



Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities



In October 2020, BBX Capital’s board of directors approved a share repurchase program which authorized the repurchase of up to $10.0 million of shares of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The stock repurchase authorization does not obligate the Company to repurchase any specific number of shares and may be suspended, modified, or terminated at any time without prior notice. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately 19,317,687 shares of common stock outstanding, and there had been no purchases of Class A Common Stock or Class B Common Stock under this program.



Rights Agreement



On September 25, 2020, BBX Capital adopted a rights agreement (the “Rights Agreement”) in light of the significant market volatility and uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on the Company and the market price of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock. The Rights Agreement provides a deterrent to shareholders from acquiring a 5% or greater ownership interest in BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock, Class B Common Stock or total combined common stock without the prior approval of the board of directors.



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Shareholder Return Performance Graph



Set forth below is a graph comparing the cumulative total returns (assuming reinvestment of dividends) for the Company’s Class A Common Stock, the Standard and Poor’s 500 Stock Index and Standard and Poor’s Small-Cap Stock Index and assumes $100 was invested on October 1, 2020, the date that the Company’s Class A Common Stock commenced trading on the OTCQX Best Market.







 

 

 

 

 

 



 

10/1/20

12/31/20

 

 

 

BBX Capital, Inc.

$

100.00  223.14 

 

 

 

Standard and Poor's Small-Cap Stock Index

 

100.00  129.02 

 

 

 

Standard and Poor's 500 Stock Index

 

100.00  111.10 

 

 

 



Picture 1



The Company is not able to identify a group of peer companies or industry or line of business index which it believes is comparable to the Company and its current activities. Accordingly, the Company selected the Standard and Poor’s Small-Cap Stock Index based on the Company’s market capitalization.



The performance graph should not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

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ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 



Not Applicable.





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ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



The following discussion and analysis should be read together with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the basis of presentation for the consolidated financial statements prior to September 30, 2020 (the date of the spin-off of the Company from Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation) which reflect combined financial statements of BBX Capital, Inc. and its subsidiaries and do not necessarily reflect what the results of operations, financial position, or cash flows would have been had BBX Capital, Inc. and its subsidiaries been a separate entity or what the results of operations, financial position, or cash flows will be in the future. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements, including those that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, without limitation, those discussed below and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, particularly in “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”



Overview



BBX Capital, Inc. (referred to together with its subsidiaries as the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our,” and without its subsidiaries as “BBX Capital”) is a Florida-based diversified holding company whose principal holdings are BBX Capital Real Estate LLC (“BBX Capital Real Estate” or “BBXRE”), BBX Sweet Holdings, LLC (“BBX Sweet Holdings”), and Renin Holdings, LLC (“Renin”).



As of December 31, 2020, the Company had total consolidated assets of approximately $447.7 million and shareholders’ equity of approximately $309.2 million. Net (loss) income attributable to shareholders for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018 was approximately ($42.3) million, $13.7 million, and ($9.2) million, respectively.



Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic



The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an unprecedented disruption in the U.S. and global economies and the industries in which the Company operates due to, among other things, (i) government ordered “shelter in place” and “stay at home” orders and advisories, travel restrictions, and restrictions on business operations, (ii) government guidance and restrictions with respect to travel, public accommodations, social gatherings, and related matters, and (iii) the general public’s reaction to the pandemic. The disruptions arising from the pandemic and the reaction of the general public had a significant adverse impact on the Company's financial condition and operations during the year ended December 31, 2020. The duration and severity of the pandemic and related disruptions, as well as the adverse impact on economic and market conditions, are uncertain; however, given the nature of these circumstances, the adverse impact of the pandemic on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition in 2020 has been, and is expected to continue to be, material. Furthermore, although the duration and severity of the effects of the pandemic are uncertain, demand for many of the Company’s products and services may remain weak for a significant length of time, and the Company cannot predict if or when the industries in which the Company operates will return to pre-pandemic levels.



Although the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s principal holdings and management’s efforts to mitigate the effects of the pandemic has varied, as described in further detail below, BBX Capital and its subsidiaries have sought to take steps to manage expenses through cost saving initiatives and reductions in employee head count and actions to increase liquidity and strengthen the Company’s financial position, including reducing planned capital expenditures. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s consolidated cash balances were $90.0 million. 



See below for additional discussions related to the current and estimated impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s principal holdings.



Summary of Consolidated Results of Operations



Consolidated Results



The following summarizes key financial highlights for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the same 2019 period:



·

Total consolidated revenues were $173.2 million, a 15.0% decrease compared to 2019.

·

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes was $58.2 million compared to income from continuing operations before income taxes of $29.0 million during 2019.

·

Net loss attributable to common shareholders was $42.3 million compared to net income attributable to common shareholders of $13.7 million during 2019.

·

Diluted loss per share was $2.19 per diluted share compared to earnings per share of $0.71 during 2019.



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The Company’s consolidated results for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the same 2019 period were significantly impacted by the following:



·

A net decrease in sale activity by BBX Capital Real Estate and its joint ventures in the 2020 period as compared to the 2019 period.

·

The recognition of impairment losses of $30.8 million in the 2020 period primarily related to goodwill and long-lived assets associated with IT’SUGAR as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and a loss of $3.3 million in the 2020 period resulting from the Company’s deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR in connection with its filing of voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code.

·

A decrease in BBX Sweet Holdings’ revenues primarily attributable to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its operations.

·

A net decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily attributable to cost mitigating activities implemented in the 2020 period in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, including permanent and temporary reductions in workforce.

·

The recognition of a loss by Renin in connection with an ongoing dispute with a supplier.



The following summarizes key financial highlights for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the same 2018 period:

 

·

Total consolidated revenues were $203.7 million, a 2.3% decrease compared to 2018.

·

Income from continuing operations before income taxes was $29.0 million compared to a loss from continuing operations before income taxes of $3.0 million during 2018.

·

Net income attributable to common shareholders was $13.7 million compared to a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $9.2 million during 2018.

 

The Company’s consolidated results for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 2018 were significantly impacted by the following:

 

·

A net increase in sale activity in BBX Capital Real Estate’s portfolio in 2019, including the Altis Bonterra joint venture’s sale of its multifamily apartment community in Hialeah, Florida, which resulted in the recognition of $29.2 million of equity earnings from the joint venture in 2019, and the sale of various real estate assets, which resulted in an increase in the gains on sales of real estate assets of $9.1 million in 2019 as compared to 2018.

·

A decrease in operating losses generated by BBX Sweet Holdings in 2019, which primarily reflects the impact of various strategic initiatives implemented by the Company during 2018, including the closure of a manufacturing facility and a reduction in corporate personnel and infrastructure, and various impairment losses and other costs recognized in 2018 in connection with such initiatives.

 

Segment Results



BBX Capital reports the results of its business activities through the following reportable segments: BBX Capital Real Estate, BBX Sweet Holdings, and Renin.



Information regarding income (loss) before income taxes by reportable segment is set forth in the table below (in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

For the Years Ended December 31,



 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

BBX Capital Real Estate

 

 

9,988 

 

 

52,696 

 

 

30,214 

BBX Sweet Holdings

 

 

(47,473)

 

 

(5,122)

 

 

(14,986)

Renin

 

 

(3,572)

 

 

1,808 

 

 

2,461 

Other

 

 

(2,915)

 

 

349 

 

 

346 

Reconciling items and eliminations

 

 

(14,275)

 

 

(20,746)

 

 

(21,057)

(Loss) income from continuing operations before income taxes

 

 

(58,247)

 

 

28,985 

 

 

(3,022)

  Benefit (provision) for income taxes

 

 

11,231 

 

 

(8,334)

 

 

(2,865)

(Loss) income from continuing operations

 

 

(47,016)

 

 

20,651 

 

 

(5,887)

 Discontinued operations

 

 

(74)

 

 

(7,138)

 

 

(3,580)

Net (loss) income

 

 

(47,090)

 

 

13,513 

 

 

(9,467)

 Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

4,803 

 

 

224 

 

 

266 

Net (loss) income attributable to shareholders

 

$

(42,287)

 

 

13,737 

 

 

(9,201)

 



 

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BBX Capital Real Estate Reportable Segment



Segment Description



BBX Capital Real Estate (or BBXRE) is engaged in the acquisition, development, construction, ownership, financing, and management of real estate and investments in real estate joint ventures, including investments in multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties located primarily in Florida. In addition, BBXRE owns a 50% equity interest in the Altman Companies, a developer and manager of multifamily apartment communities, and manages the legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including portfolios of loans receivable, real estate properties, and judgments against past borrowers.



Overview



Although BBXRE’s operations were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic during 2020 and there is no assurance that they will not be impacted in the future, BBXRE’s operations are not currently being significantly impacted by the pandemic.



Following the initial outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, construction activities continued at BBXRE’s existing projects, while sales activities at BBXRE’s single-family for sale housing developments and rental activities at its multifamily apartment developments were temporarily impacted. Further, the effects of the pandemic, including economic uncertainty generally and in the real estate and credit markets in particular, increased uncertainty relating to the expected timing and pricing of sales of its current multifamily apartment developments and the expected timing and financing of new multifamily apartment developments. However, throughout the remainder of 2020 and to date in 2021, BBXRE has experienced a progressive recovery in its operations, which management believes is primarily attributable to demand for single-family and multifamily apartment housing in many of the markets in Florida in which BBXRE operates. In particular, sales at its single-family home developments and leasing and rent collections at its multifamily apartment developments have returned to pre-pandemic levels in most (but not all) locations. In addition, while the sale of existing projects and the commencement of new projects were delayed in 2020 as a result of a temporary decline in investment activity, BBXRE believes that there has generally been a recovery in investor demand for the acquisition of stabilized multifamily apartment communities and the availability of financing of debt and equity capital for new multifamily apartment developments.



As previously indicated, while BBXRE is not currently being significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, the pandemic has nevertheless resulted in significant uncertainty in the overall economy, and an increase in COVID-19 cases or the emergence of variant coronavirus strains could result in further disruptions to the U.S. and global economies. As a result, there is no assurance that the real estate market will not be materially adversely impacted by the pandemic or otherwise, that sales prices of single-family homes will not materially decline, that rents will be paid when due or at all, or that market rents will not materially decline. Further, while government efforts to delay or forestall evictions and the availability of judicial remedies have not to date materially impacted BBXRE’s operations, they may in the future have an adverse impact on both market values and BBXRE’s operating results. In addition, the effects of the pandemic may impact the costs of developing and operating BBXRE’s real estate assets, including, but not limited to, an increase in commodity and labor prices and property insurance costs as compared to pre-pandemic levels, which could also have an adverse impact on market values and BBXRE’s operating results. BBXRE will continue to monitor economic and market conditions and may recognize impairment losses in future periods as a result of various factors, including, but not limited to, material declines in overall real estate values, sales prices for single-family homes, and/or rental rates for multifamily apartments. As a result of these factors, BBXRE’s results of operations and financial condition may be materially adversely impacted by the effects of the pandemic in future periods.



Further, as BBXRE is focused on sourcing investments in new development opportunities with the goal of building a diversified portfolio of real estate investments that generate recurring earnings and cash flows in future periods, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic may impact BBXRE over a longer term to the extent that its ability to identify new development opportunities that meet its investment criteria or source debt or equity capital from unaffiliated third parties is adversely impacted. While BBXRE may be able to identify opportunistic investments in a recessionary environment that could be funded with available cash, there is no certainty that such opportunities will be identified, that such opportunities will meet the Company’s investment criteria, or that required funds will be available for that purpose.



The Altman Companies and Related Investments



In 2018, BBXRE acquired a 50% membership interest in the Altman Companies, a joint venture between the Company and Mr. Altman engaged in the development, construction, and management of multifamily apartment communities. As of December 31, 2020, BBXRE had investments in eight active developments sponsored by the Altman Companies, comprised of four developments that are in lease-up or have stabilized, three developments that are under construction, and one project that is currently in predevelopment stages.



To date, the COVID-19 pandemic has not significantly impacted construction activities which remain ongoing at the existing projects sponsored by the Altman Companies, and as a result, the Altman Companies continues to generate development and general contractor fees from such projects. In addition, while there was a slowdown in rent collections during the second and third quarters of 2020, the Altman Companies had collected in excess of 98% of the rents at the multifamily apartment communities under its management during the fourth quarter of 2020. While its leasing activities were conducted virtually during March through May 2020, the Altman Companies

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has reopened its leasing offices for visits by appointment. Further, although the Altman Companies experienced a decline in tenant demand and in the volume of new leases during the second quarter of 2020, it generally experienced an increase in the volume of new leases at its communities during the third and fourth quarters of 2020. As a result, of the four active developments in which BBXRE has invested which are in lease-up or have stabilized, the stabilized community was 97%  leased as of December 31, 2020, while the three communities which are in lease-up have stabilized or are expected to be stabilized in 2021 either on schedule or ahead of schedule based on current leasing velocity. However, in an effort to maintain occupancy at its stabilized communities and increase occupancy at its communities under development, commencing in the second quarter of 2020, the Altman Companies offered increased concessions to prospective and renewing tenants, although such concessions have declined in volume in recent months.



As noted above, following the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Altman Companies observed a decline in real estate sales activity as a result of uncertainty in the real estate and overall credit markets. However, in spite of the overall slowdown in activity, there have been indications that the capitalization rates for multifamily apartment communities similar to those sponsored and managed by the Altman Companies have generally remained steady or even decreased, as evidenced by the Altis Boca Raton joint venture’s sale of its multifamily apartment community during the fourth quarter of 2020. Further, throughout the remainder of 2020 and to date in 2021, the Altman Companies has observed what it believes to be a recovery in overall investor demand for the acquisition of stabilized multifamily apartment communities.



Following the initial outbreak of COVID-19, the Altman Companies observed a decline in the availability of debt and equity capital for new multifamily apartment developments. Further, as its pipeline of potential development opportunities included several proposed projects in the greater Orlando, Florida area, which has been significantly impacted by the pandemic, the Altman Companies was required to reevaluate certain projects in its development pipeline and identify new development opportunities in an effort to rebuild its pipeline. However, in June 2020, the Altis Ludlam Trail joint venture, which is sponsored by the Altman Companies, obtained entitlements, closed on development financing, and commenced development of a 312 unit multifamily apartment community in South Florida with 7,500 square feet of retail space. (In addition to its investment in the managing member of the Altis Ludlam Trail joint venture, BBXRE also invested an additional $8.5 million as preferred equity in the joint venture.) In addition, throughout the remainder of 2020 and to date in 2021, the Altman Companies has observed what it believes to be an increase in the availability of debt and equity capital for new developments, and it has identified various new potential development opportunities, which are primarily located in South Florida and the greater Tampa, Florida area, both of which are experiencing increased demand for multifamily housing.



Notwithstanding the foregoing, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy remains uncertain, and the effects of the pandemic, including a prolonged economic downturn, high unemployment, the expiration of or a decrease in government benefits to individuals, and government-mandated moratoriums on tenant evictions, could ultimately have a longer term and more significant impact on rental rates, occupancy levels, and rent collections, including an increase in tenant delinquencies and/or requests for rent abatements. These effects would impact the amount of rental revenues generated from the multifamily apartment communities sponsored and managed by the Altman Companies, the extent of management fees earned by the Altman Companies, and the ability of the related joint ventures to stabilize and successfully sell such communities. Furthermore, a decline in rental revenues at developments sponsored by the Altman Companies could require it, as the sponsor and managing member, to fund operating shortfalls in certain circumstances. In addition, the effects of the pandemic may impact the costs of developing and operating multifamily apartment communities, including, but not limited to, increases in commodity prices as a result of, among other things, supply chain disruptions and material shortages, labor prices,  and property insurance costs as compared to pre-pandemic levels, which could also have an adverse impact on market values and the Altman Companies’ operating results. Further, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on economic conditions in general, including uncertainty regarding the severity and duration of such impact, may ultimately have a significant adverse impact on capitalization rates and real estate values in future periods, particularly if there is a prolonged economic downturn. If there is a significant adverse impact on real estate values as a result of lower rental revenues, higher capitalization rates, or otherwise, the joint ventures sponsored by the Altman Companies may be unable to sell their respective multifamily apartment developments within the time frames previously anticipated and/or for the previously forecasted sales prices, if at all, which may impact the profits expected to be earned by BBXRE from its investment in the managing member of such projects and the ability of the joint ventures to repay or refinance construction loans on such projects and could result in the recognition of impairment losses related to BBXRE’s investment in such projects. Furthermore, the Altman Companies may be unable to close on the equity and/or debt financing necessary to commence the construction of new projects, including the development of Altis Lake Willis, which could result in increased operating losses at the Altman Companies due to a decline in development, general contractor, and management fees, the recognition of impairment losses by BBXRE and/or the Altman Companies related to their current investments in predevelopment expenditures and land acquired for development, and the recognition of impairment losses related to BBXRE’s overall investment in the Altman Companies, as the profitability and value of the Altman Companies is directly correlated with its ability to source new development opportunities.





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Beacon Lake Master Planned Development



During the year ended December 31, 2020, BBXRE substantially completed the development of the lots comprising Phase II of the Beacon Lake Community in St. Johns County, Florida, which is expected to include approximately 479 single-family homes and 196 townhomes, and sold 157 single family lots and 70 townhome lots to homebuilders. In addition, as part of BBXRE’s efforts to maximize liquidity in light of overall economic conditions, the community development district related to the Beacon Lake Community issued $8.6 million of additional community development district bonds. The funds from the issuance were primarily used to reimburse BBXRE for its funding of ongoing development costs related to Phases II and III of the development. As of December 31, 2020, BBXRE had entered into agreements with homebuilders to sell developed lots for an additional 265 single-family homes and 126 townhomes as part of Phase II and sell 299 undeveloped lots as part of Phase IV and has collected deposits related to these purchase agreements. With respect to Phase III, BBXRE expects to commence land development in 2021 and sell a portion of these developed lots to an unaffiliated homebuilder, and it is exploring investment alternatives for the remaining lots in Phase III,  including the possible construction, leasing, and management of a portfolio of rental homes.



Following the initial outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, the unaffiliated homebuilders at the Beacon Lake Community experienced a decline in the volume of sales traffic and home sales and requested extensions of their existing agreements for the purchase of additional developed lots from BBXRE, and BBXRE agreed to such extensions. Subsequently, sales activity significantly increased in May 2020 and generally returned to pre-pandemic levels or greater subsequent to May 2020. Based on that activity, BBXRE currently expects the sale of the remaining developed lots to occur pursuant to its agreements with the homebuilders under the modified takedown schedules. However, there is no assurance that this will be the case, and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and demand for single-family housing remain uncertain and could result in further requests by homebuilders to extend the timing of their purchase of developed lots and/or failure of the homebuilders to meet their obligations under these contracts. In addition, a decline in home prices as a result of the economic impacts associated with the COVID-19 pandemic could result in a decrease in contractually owed contingent revenues expected to be earned by BBXRE in connection with sales of homes by homebuilders on developed lots previously sold to them, as well as a decrease in the expected sales prices for the unsold lots comprising the remainder of the Beacon Lakes Community. Although BBXRE does not currently expect that there will be a significant decrease in the sales prices or fair value of its unsold lots, a significant decline in the demand and pricing for single-family homes could have such an effect and result in the recognition of impairment losses in future periods.



Other Joint Venture Activity



In June 2019, BBXRE invested $4.2 million in the Sky Cove joint venture, which was formed to develop Sky Cove at Westlake, a residential community comprised of 204 single-family homes in Loxahatchee, Florida. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the joint venture closed on 47 single-family homes, and BBXRE recognized $0.1 million of equity earnings and received $1.1 million of distributions from the venture. As of December 31, 2020, the joint venture had agreements to sell an additional 137 single-family homes.



In February 2021, BBXRE invested $4.9 million in the Sky Cove South joint venture, which was formed to develop Sky Cove South at Westlake, a residential community that will be adjacent to Sky Cove at Westlake and is expected to be comprised of 197 single-family homes.



As of December 31, 2020, BBXRE had invested $7.4 million in a joint venture with CC Homes to develop Marbella, a residential community comprised of 158 single-family homes in Miramar, Florida. As of December 31, 2020, the joint venture had executed contracts to sell 91 single-family homes and expects to commence closing on sales during the second half of 2021.



Impairments



As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related impact on the overall market, the Company evaluated various factors, including asset-specific factors, overall economic and market conditions, and the excess of the expected profits associated with BBXRE’s real estate assets in relation to their carrying amounts, and concluded that, except as discussed below, there had not been a significant decline in the fair value of most of BBXRE’s real estate assets during the year ended December 31, 2020 that should be recognized as an impairment loss. As part of this evaluation, the Company considered the sales at its single-family home developments (which have returned to pre-pandemic levels), continued collection of rent at its multifamily apartment developments, and indications that there has not to date been a significant decline in sales prices for single family homes or an increase in capitalization rates for multifamily apartment communities. However, the Company recognized $2.7 million of impairment losses during the year ended December 31, 2020 primarily related to a decline in the estimated fair values of certain of BBXRE’s investments in joint ventures, including (i) a joint venture that is developing an office tower, as the market for commercial office space has been more significantly impacted by the pandemic compared to the single family and multifamily markets in which BBXRE primarily invests, and (ii) a joint venture invested in a multifamily apartment community in which BBXRE purchased its interest following the stabilization of the underlying asset at a purchase price calculated based on assumptions related to the timing and pricing of the sale of the asset, both of which have been adversely impacted by the pandemic.    



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Results of Operations



Information regarding the results of operations for BBX Capital Real Estate is set forth below (dollars in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Change

 

Change



 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

2020 vs

 

2019 vs



 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Sales of real estate inventory

 

$

20,363 

 

 

5,049 

 

 

21,771 

 

 

15,314 

 

 

(16,722)

Interest income

 

 

1,240 

 

 

750 

 

 

2,277 

 

 

490 

 

 

(1,527)

Net gains on sales of real estate assets

 

 

255 

 

 

13,616 

 

 

4,563 

 

 

(13,361)

 

 

9,053 

Other

 

 

1,454 

 

 

1,619 

 

 

2,541 

 

 

(165)

 

 

(922)

Total revenues

 

$

23,312 

 

 

21,034 

 

 

31,152 

 

 

2,278 

 

 

(10,118)

Cost of real estate inventory sold

 

 

13,171 

 

 

2,643 

 

 

14,116 

 

 

10,528 

 

 

(11,473)

Recoveries from loan losses, net

 

 

(8,876)

 

 

(5,428)

 

 

(8,653)

 

 

(3,448)

 

 

3,225 

Impairment losses

 

 

2,742 

 

 

47 

 

 

571 

 

 

2,695 

 

 

(524)

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

6,758 

 

 

9,144 

 

 

9,210 

 

 

(2,386)

 

 

(66)

Total costs and expenses

 

 

13,795 

 

 

6,406 

 

 

15,244 

 

 

7,389 

 

 

(8,838)

Operating profits

 

 

9,517 

 

 

14,628 

 

 

15,908 

 

 

(5,111)

 

 

(1,280)

Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

465 

 

 

37,898 

 

 

14,194 

 

 

(37,433)

 

 

23,704 

Other income

 

 

 

 

170 

 

 

112 

 

 

(164)

 

 

58 

Income before income taxes

 

$

9,988 

 

 

52,696 

 

 

30,214 

 

 

(42,708)

 

 

22,482 



BBX Capital Real Estate’s income before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the 2019 period decreased by $42.7 million, or 81.0%, primarily due to the following:



·

A decrease in equity in net earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures primarily due to sales of real estate during the 2019 period, including the sale of real estate assets by the Altis Bonterra, Altis Lakeline, and PGA Design Center joint ventures and single-family homes by the Chapel Trail joint venture;

·

A decrease in net gains on sales of real estate assets primarily due to BBXRE’s sale of various real estate assets during the 2019 period, including RoboVault and land parcels at PGA Station; and

·

The recognition of impairment losses during the 2020 period; partially offset by

·

An increase in net profits from the sale of developed lots to homebuilders at the Beacon Lake Community development, as BBXRE sold 227 developed lots during the 2020 period and 51 developed lots during the 2019 period;

·

A net increase in recoveries from loan losses primarily due to settlements with guarantors and a financial institution servicing loans for BBXRE; and

·

A decrease in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily due to lower incentive bonuses and professional fees, a legal settlement with a title company in 2020, and lower operating expenses due to the sale of RoboVault during 2019.

BBX Capital Real Estate’s income before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the 2018 period increased by $22.5 million, or 74.4%, primarily due to the following:



·

A net increase in equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures and gains on sales of real estate assets primarily associated with the sales in 2019 described above, including the Altis Bonterra’s sale of its 314 unit multifamily apartment community located in Hialeah, Florida, which resulted in the recognition of $29.2 million of equity earnings by BBXRE; partially offset by

·

The recognition of a $3.1 million net gain upon the sale of a student housing complex in 2018;

·

A decrease in interest income and recoveries from loan losses primarily due to the overall decline in the balance of the legacy asset portfolio, as several significant nonaccrual commercial loans were repaid in 2018; and

·

A decrease in net profits from the sale of developed lots to homebuilders at the Beacon Lake Community development, as BBXRE sold 51 developed lots in 2019 and 251 in 2018.

 

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BBX Sweet Holdings Reportable Segment



BBX Sweet Holdings is engaged in the ownership and management of operating businesses in the confectionery industry, including Hoffman’s Chocolates, a retailer of gourmet chocolates with retail locations in South Florida, and Las Olas Confections and Snacks, a manufacturer and wholesaler of chocolate and other confectionery products.



BBX Sweet Holdings also owns approximately 93% of the equity interests in IT’SUGAR, a specialty candy retailer whose products include bulk candy, candy in giant packaging, and licensed and novelty items. Prior to September 22, 2020, the Company consolidated the financial statements of IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries based on its 93% ownership of IT’SUGAR. However, as further discussed below, on September 22, 2020, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the U.S. Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Florida (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (the cases commenced by such filings, the “Bankruptcy Cases”), and as a result of the filings and the uncertainties surrounding the nature, timing, and specifics of the bankruptcy proceedings, the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR on September 22, 2020.



Overview



Although BBX Sweet Holdings’ results from operations were improved for the first two months of 2020 as compared to 2019, reflecting, among other things, IT’SUGAR’s opening of a three story candy department store at American Dream in New Jersey in December 2019 and the opening of three other stores in 2019, BBX Sweet Holdings has been materially adversely impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.



In March 2020, as a result of various factors, including government-mandated closures and Center for Disease Control and World Health Organization advisories in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, IT’SUGAR closed all of its retail locations and furloughed all store employees and the majority of its corporate employees. Between May 2020 and September 2020, IT’SUGAR reopened nearly all of its approximately 100 locations that were open prior to the pandemic as part of a phased reopening plan which included revised store floor plans, increased sanitation protocols, and the gradual recall of furloughed store and corporate employees to full or part-time employment. However, from time to time, IT’SUGAR has been required to close previously reopened locations as a result of various factors, including government- mandated closures and staffing shortages.



IT’SUGAR ceased paying rent to the landlords of its closed locations in April 2020 and engaged in negotiations with its landlords for rent abatements, deferrals, and other modifications for both the period of time that the locations were closed and the subsequent period that the locations have been opened and operating under conditions which have been affected by the pandemic. In addition to its unpaid rental obligations, IT’SUGAR ceased paying various outstanding obligations to its vendors.



Although IT’SUGAR was able to reopen its retail locations and received an advance of $2.0 million from a subsidiary of BBX Capital under an existing line of credit, IT’SUGAR was unable to maintain sufficient liquidity to sustain its operations as (i) it was unable to obtain significant rent abatements or deferrals from its landlords and amended payment terms from its vendors and (ii) its sales volumes had not sufficiently improved and stabilized following the reopening of its locations. In particular, although a significant portion of its retail locations were reopened during the three months ended September 30, 2020, IT’SUGAR’s total revenues for the period declined by approximately 50.4% as compared to the comparable period in 2019. As a result, on September 22, 2020, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code in the Bankruptcy Court.



Under Section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code, the filing of bankruptcy petitions automatically stays most actions against IT’SUGAR, including most actions to collect pre-petition indebtedness or to exercise control of the property of IT’SUGAR. Accordingly, absent an order of the Bankruptcy Court, substantially all pre-petition liabilities will be subject to treatment under a plan of reorganization, as further described below.



In order to successfully exit the Bankruptcy Cases, IT’SUGAR must propose, and obtain confirmation by the Bankruptcy Court of a plan of reorganization or liquidation (the “Reorganization Plan”) that satisfies the requirements of the Bankruptcy Code. The Reorganization Plan will determine the rights and claims of various creditors and security holders, and under the priority rules established by the Bankruptcy Code, certain post-petition liabilities and pre-petition liabilities will be given priority over pre-petition indebtedness and need to be satisfied before unsecured creditors or holders of equity interests are entitled to any distribution. As provided by the Bankruptcy Code, IT’SUGAR initially has the exclusive right to solicit a plan and currently intends to submit a Reorganization Plan to the Bankruptcy Court in the first quarter of 2021. In connection with the Bankruptcy Cases, the Office of the United States Trustee, a division of the Department of Justice, has appointed an official committee of unsecured creditors (the “Creditors’ Committee”), which has a right to be heard on all matters that come before the Bankruptcy Court, including the confirmation of the Reorganization Plan.



If the Bankruptcy Court does not confirm a final Reorganization Plan filed by IT’SUGAR, the Bankruptcy Cases could be converted to cases under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code. Under Chapter 7 bankruptcy cases, a trustee would be appointed to collect IT’SUGAR’s assets, reduce them to cash, and distribute the proceeds to IT’SUGAR’s creditors in accordance with the statutory scheme of the Bankruptcy Code. Alternatively, if IT’SUGAR’s Reorganization Plan is not confirmed by the Bankruptcy Court, in lieu of the conversion of the Bankruptcy Cases to Chapter 7 bankruptcy cases, the Bankruptcy Court could dismiss the Bankruptcy Cases.

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At the current time, IT’SUGAR is continuing to operate its retail locations under the supervision of the Bankruptcy Court and the participation of the Creditors’ Committee and is negotiating with its creditors in relation to a proposed Reorganization Plan, as well as the terms of amendments to the lease agreements associated with its retail locations. Subsequent to its filing of the Bankruptcy Cases, IT’SUGAR has executed lease amendments in relation to many of its existing retail locations, opened 9 new “temporary” retail locations in select U.S. locations, closed certain other locations, and continues to negotiate with its landlords. However, all lease modifications and amendments are subject to confirmation of IT’SUGAR’s proposed Reorganization Plan. IT’SUGAR’s “temporary” retail locations required initial capital investments that were significantly lower than the investments required for IT’SUGAR’s typical retail locations, as IT’SUGAR repurposed retail spaces that were recently vacated by the prior tenants and utilized in many cases existing fixtures from certain of its other recently closed locations, and are being leased pursuant to lease agreements which have terms ranging from 13-21 months and provide for the payment of rent based on a percentage of sales. IT’SUGAR is also currently evaluating additional locations in which to potentially open similar “temporary” retail locations.



Although IT’SUGAR’s sales volumes continue to be impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and there is no assurance that its sales will not further decline in future periods, IT’SUGAR’s sales since the filing of the Bankruptcy Cases have steadily improved as compared to the second and third quarters of 2020. As compared to an overall decline in sales of 50.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2020, IT’SUGAR’s revenues for the three months ended December 31, 2020 had declined by approximately 31.5% as compared to the comparable period in 2019.



In April 2020, BBX Capital, through a wholly-owned subsidiary of BBXRE, purchased IT’SUGAR’s revolving line of credit and equipment note from the respective lenders for the aggregate outstanding principal balance of the loans of $4.3 million plus accrued interest and subsequently advanced an additional $2.0 million to IT’SUGAR pursuant to the terms of the loans. In addition, in October 2020, IT’SUGAR obtained a $4.0 million “debtor in possession” (“DIP”) credit facility from the same subsidiary of BBX Capital that was approved by the Bankruptcy Court. As of December 31, 2020, the $4.0 million available under the DIP credit facility had been funded to IT’SUGAR and remains outstanding.



At this time, it is not possible to predict the ultimate effect of the reorganization process on IT’SUGAR’s business and creditors or when, or if, IT’SUGAR may emerge from bankruptcy. While the reorganization process may improve IT’SUGAR’s result of operations, cash flows, and financial condition if it obtains relief in relation to its pre-petition liabilities and it is able to negotiate amendments to its lease agreements that lower its ongoing occupancy costs while its business continues to be impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, there is no assurance that it will obtain such relief, and the ultimate impact of the Bankruptcy Cases and the reorganization process on IT’SUGAR and its results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition remains uncertain. Further, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on demand, sales levels, and consumer behavior, as well as the current recessionary economic environment, have had and could continue to have a material adverse effect on IT’SUGAR’s business, results of operations, and financial condition during the bankruptcy proceedings and thereafter.



As a result of IT’SUGAR filing the Bankruptcy Cases and the uncertainties surrounding the nature, timing, and specifics of the bankruptcy proceedings, the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR as of September 22, 2020 and recognized a loss of $3.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2020 in connection with the deconsolidation, as further discussed in the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 – Note 23 to this annual report. Prior to the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR, the Company recognized $24.9 million of impairment losses during the year ended December 31, 2020 related to IT’SUGAR’s goodwill and long-lived assets as a result of the effects of the pandemic, including the recognition of a goodwill impairment loss of $20.3 million based on a decline in the estimated fair value of IT’SUGAR. The decline in the estimated fair value of IT’SUGAR during the year ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the Company’s prior valuation of IT’SUGAR as of December 31, 2019 reflected the impact on the Company’s estimated future cash flows of the temporary closure of IT’SUGAR’s retail locations commencing in March 2020, including the liabilities incurred by IT’SUGAR during the shutdown, and considered scenarios in which IT’SUGAR’s business and sales volumes would stabilize following the phased reopening of its retail locations. The Company’s estimated discount rate applicable to IT’SUGAR’s cash flows was also increased to reflect, among other things, changes in market conditions, the uncertainty of the duration and severity of the economic downturn, uncertainty related to the retail environment and consumer behavior, uncertainty related to IT’SUGAR’s ability to stabilize its operations and implement its long-term strategies for its business, and the deterioration in IT’SUGAR’s financial condition as a result of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its lack of sufficient liquidity for its operations during 2020.



The Company’s assessment of IT’SUGAR’s assets for impairment, as well as its estimate of the fair value of its investment in IT’SUGAR in connection with the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR, required the Company to make estimates based on facts and circumstances as of each reporting date and assumptions about current and future economic and market conditions. These assumptions included the stabilization of IT’SUGAR following the phased reopening of its retail locations in 2020 and its ability to access and operate in its retail locations in spite of ongoing negotiations with the landlords of these locations related to unpaid rents. Further, the Company’s estimated fair value of its investment in IT’SUGAR at the time of its filing of the Bankruptcy Cases included assumptions related to relief of pre-petition obligations and improved occupancy costs as a result of renegotiated lease agreements for its retail locations. In addition, the Company’s estimates assumed that there would not be a material permanent decline in the demand for IT’SUGAR’s products and that IT’SUGAR will ultimately in the future return to its full operations and implement its long-term strategy to reinvest in and grow its business. However, as it is difficult to predict (i) the severity, magnitude, and duration, as well as the economic consequences, of the COVID-19 pandemic, which are uncertain and rapidly changing and may involve the re-implementation of

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government mandated closures or operating restrictions, and (ii) the ultimate outcome of IT’SUGAR’s Bankruptcy Cases, these estimates and assumptions may change over time, which may result in the recognition of additional impairment losses related to the Company’s investment in IT’SUGAR that would be material to the Company’s financial statements. Changes in assumptions that could materially impact the Company’s estimates related to IT’SUGAR that could result in the recognition of impairment losses in future periods include, but are not limited to, IT’SUGAR’s Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Cases being converted to Chapter 7 bankruptcy cases, IT’SUGAR not obtaining expected relief during the reorganization, a material permanent decline in demand for IT’SUGAR’s products, IT’SUGAR abandoning its long-term strategy to reinvest and grow its business as a result of changes in consumer demand, and significant additional closures following the initial reopening of locations as a result of additional outbreaks of COVID-19.



See Notes 1, 2, 8, 9, and 23 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this annual report for additional information with respect to (i) the Company’s recognition of impairment losses related to IT’SUGAR, including the Company’s significant estimates and assumptions related to IT’SUGAR and the fact that such assumptions may change over time as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ultimate outcome of IT’SUGAR’s Bankruptcy Cases, which may result in the recognition of additional impairment losses related to the BBX Sweet Holdings’ investment in IT’SUGAR that would be material to the Company’s financial statements, and (ii) IT’SUGAR’s Bankruptcy Cases and the Company’s issuance of DIP financing to IT’SUGAR.



Hoffman’s Chocolates and Las Olas Confections and Snacks



In addition to the material adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IT’SUGAR’s operations, BBX Sweet Holdings’ other operations have also been impacted by the pandemic. In March 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates closed all of its retail locations to customer traffic and limited sales to curbside pickup (where allowable by government mandates) and online customers, and during the three months ended June 30, 2020, it commenced a phased reopening of its locations to customer traffic. As of July 1, 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates had reopened all of its locations, and its sales volumes during the six months ended December 31, 2020 were approximately 72% of pre-pandemic levels (as compared to the comparable period in 2019). Although Las Olas Confections and Snacks experienced a decline in sales through the second quarter of 2020, its manufacturing and distribution processes were not materially impacted by the pandemic during the year ended December 31, 2020, and its sales during the year ended December 31, 2020 increased by approximately 6% as compared to its sales during the year ended December 31, 2019.



Hoffman’s Chocolates and Las Olas Confections and Snacks have also been engaged in negotiations with the landlords of their respective retail and manufacturing locations for rent abatements, deferrals, and other modifications. As of December 31, 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates and Las Olas Confections and Snacks had accrued and unpaid current rental obligations of $0.1 million, which are included in other liabilities in the Company’s consolidated statement of financial condition, and they had executed lease amendments with respect to all but one of these locations, including Las Olas Confections and Snacks’ manufacturing facility in Orlando, Florida. Subsequent to December 31, 2020, Hoffman’s Chocolates executed a lease amendment with respect to its remaining location. There is no assurance that Hoffman’s Chocolates’ sales volumes will improve or that their respective sales volumes will not decline in future periods as a result of the effects of the pandemic. Further, previously reopened locations may be required to be closed as a result of governments reimplementing mandated closures or otherwise, and due to the uncertainty related to these businesses as a result of the pandemic, there is no assurance they will be in a position to meet their obligations under the terms of lease agreements and amendments that have been executed.



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Results of Operations



Information regarding the results of operations for BBX Sweet Holdings is set forth below (dollars in thousands):







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Change

 

Change



 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

2020 vs

 

2019 vs



 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Trade sales

 

$

49,155 

 

 

105,406 

 

 

101,187 

 

 

(56,251)

 

 

4,219 

Cost of trade sales

 

 

(41,482)

 

 

(67,703)

 

 

(65,829)

 

 

26,221 

 

 

(1,874)

Gross margin

 

 

7,673 

 

 

37,703 

 

 

35,358 

 

 

(30,030)

 

 

2,345 

Interest income

 

 

29 

 

 

56 

 

 

61 

 

 

(27)

 

 

(5)

Other revenue

 

 

281 

 

 

324 

 

 

10 

 

 

(43)

 

 

314 

Interest expense

 

 

(193)

 

 

(196)

 

 

(308)

 

 

 

 

112 

Impairment losses

 

 

(25,303)

 

 

(142)

 

 

(4,147)

 

 

(25,161)

 

 

4,005 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

(26,855)

 

 

(43,203)

 

 

(46,130)

 

 

16,348 

 

 

2,927 

Total operating losses

 

 

(44,368)

 

 

(5,458)

 

 

(15,156)

 

 

(38,910)

 

 

9,698 

Loss on the deconsolidation of IT'SUGAR, LLC

 

 

(3,326)

 

 

 —

 

 

 —

 

 

(3,326)

 

 

 —

Other income

 

 

221 

 

 

336 

 

 

170 

 

 

(115)

 

 

166 

Loss before income taxes

 

$

(47,473)

 

 

(5,122)

 

 

(14,986)

 

 

(42,351)

 

 

9,864 

Gross margin percentage

 

%

15.61 

 

 

35.77 

 

 

34.94 

 

 

(20.16)

 

 

0.83 

SG&A as a percent of trade sales

 

%

54.63 

 

 

40.99 

 

 

45.59 

 

 

13.64 

 

 

(4.60)



BBX Sweet Holdings loss before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the same 2019 period increased by $42.4 million primarily due to the following:



·

The recognition of impairment losses in the 2020 period due to a decline in the estimated value of the goodwill and long-lived assets associated with BBX Sweet Holdings’ reporting units, including IT’SUGAR, as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on market conditions;

·

A decrease in trade sales primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR as described above;

·

A significant decline in gross margin percentage as a result of (i) ongoing lease costs associated with BBX Sweet Holdings’ retail and manufacturing locations and (ii) lower sales of high margin products; and

·

The recognition of a loss of $3.3 million in the 2020 period resulting from the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR; partially offset by

·

A net decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily due the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR and costs reductions implemented as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.



BBX Sweet Holdings’ loss before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the same 2018 period decreased by $9.9 million, or 65.8%, primarily due to the following:



·

The recognition of impairment losses in 2018 in connection with the implementation of various strategic initiatives in 2018, including the closure of facilities and reductions in corporate personnel and infrastructure, and ongoing losses from BBX Sweet Holdings’ businesses;

·

A net decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily due to the above mentioned initiatives, which resulted in lower ongoing operating costs and the recognition of severance and other expenses in 2018 that did not reoccur in 2019, partially offset by costs associated with new IT’SUGAR locations opened in 2019 and 2018, including the FAO Schweetz location in New York City, the Grand Bazaar location in Las Vegas, and the American Dream location in New Jersey; and

·

A net increase in gross margin primarily due to sales from the new IT’SUGAR locations described above and improvements in Las Olas Confections and Snacks’ gross margin percentage as a result of improved efficiencies in its manufacturing facility and the closure of its manufacturing facility in Utah.

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Information regarding the results of operations for IT’SUGAR that were included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements is set forth below (dollars in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change

 

Change



 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

2020 vs

 

2019 vs



 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Trade sales

 

$

31,794 

 

 

85,275 

 

 

79,618 

 

 

(53,481)

 

 

5,657 

Cost of trade sales

 

 

(26,923)

 

 

(50,748)

 

 

(46,718)

 

 

23,825 

 

 

(4,030)

Gross margin

 

 

4,871 

 

 

34,527 

 

 

32,900 

 

 

(29,656)

 

 

1,627 

Interest income

 

 

 

 

10 

 

 

11 

 

 

(2)

 

 

(1)

Interest expense

 

 

(109)

 

 

(114)

 

 

(40)

 

 

 

 

(74)

Impairment losses

 

 

(24,948)

 

 

(142)

 

 

 —

 

 

(24,806)

 

 

(142)

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

(21,121)

 

 

(36,521)

 

 

(35,404)

 

 

15,400 

 

 

(1,117)

Total operating losses

 

 

(41,299)

 

 

(2,240)

 

 

(2,533)

 

 

(39,059)

 

 

293 

Other income

 

 

117 

 

 

276 

 

 

149 

 

 

(159)

 

 

127 

Loss income before income taxes

 

$

(41,182)

 

 

(1,964)

 

 

(2,384)

 

 

(39,218)

 

 

420 

Gross margin percentage

 

%

15.32 

 

 

40.49 

 

 

41.32 

 

 

(25.17)

 

 

(0.83)

SG&A as a percent of trade sales

 

%

66.43 

 

 

42.83 

 

 

44.47 

 

 

23.60 

 

 

(1.64)

 

The activity for the year ended December 31, 2020 is for the period beginning on January 1, 2020 through September 22, 2020, the date that the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR.





 

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Renin Reportable Segment



Segment Description



Renin is engaged in the design, manufacture, and distribution of sliding doors, door systems and hardware, and home décor products and operates through its headquarters in Canada and three manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada. In addition to its own manufacturing, Renin also sources various products and materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries. Renin’s products are sold through three channels in North America: retail, commercial, and direct installation in the greater Toronto area. As described below, Renin acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain of the liabilities of Colonial Elegance, Inc. (“Colonial Elegance”) in October 2020.



Overview



As of December 31, 2020, Renin’s had not been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, and it has continued to operate both of its manufacturing and distribution facilities, source various products and raw materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries, and sell its products through various channels. Although Renin has experienced a decline in sales to certain customers as a result of concerns related to the pandemic, these declines have generally been offset by an overall increase in sales through its retail and commercial channels. However, as a result of the effects of the pandemic, Renin has experienced increased costs related to the shipment of products and raw materials, which has impacted its product costs and gross margin, and Renin expects this increase in costs to continue and worsen during 2021.



Although Renin’s operations had not been significantly impacted by the pandemic as of December 31, 2020, the effects of the pandemic, including a recessionary economic environment and increased costs, could have a significant adverse impact on Renin’s results of operations and financial condition in future periods, particularly if (i) an economic downturn is prolonged in nature and impacts consumer demand or (ii) the effects of the pandemic result in material disruptions in the supply chains for its products and raw materials, including additional delays in the production and shipment of products and raw materials from foreign suppliers and continued increases in shipping costs. Further, while Renin has begun to diversify its supply chain and transfer the assembly of certain products from foreign suppliers to its own manufacturing facilities, Renin continues to source products and raw materials from China. As a result, disruptions in its supply chain from China as a result of various factors, including closures or delays in the supply chain, could have a material impact on Renin’s cost of product and ability to meet customer demand.



Acquisition of Colonial Elegance



In October 2020, Renin acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain of the liabilities of Colonial Elegance. Headquartered in Montreal, Canada, Colonial Elegance is a supplier and distributor of building products, including barn doors, closet doors, and stair parts, and its customers include various big box retailers in the United States and Canada which are complementary to and expand Renin’s existing customer base. Renin believes the acquisition of Colonial Elegance will establish Renin as a leader in barn doors and closet doors products, support the expansion of the growing door hardware and stair parts business, and provide a promising avenue for continued growth. In addition, Renin believes that the increased scale of the combined businesses will result in better overall service and selection for its customers and improved logistics and cost efficiencies for Renin.

 

The base purchase price for the acquisition of Colonial Elegance was $38.8 million. In addition to the base purchase price, Renin acquired excess working capital held by Colonial Elegance above an agreed upon target working capital amount of $9.9 million for $4.3 million, which resulted in total purchase consideration of $43.1 million. BBX Capital made a $5.0 million capital contribution to Renin to partially fund the acquisition of Colonial Elegance, while the remainder of the acquisition was funded by Renin using borrowings under its amended and restated credit facility with TD Bank, as described below.



Amendment and Restatement of TD Bank Credit Facility



In connection with the acquisition of Colonial Elegance, Renin amended and restated its credit facility with TD Bank to include a $30.0 million term loan,  increase the availability under its existing revolving operating loan with TD Bank to $20 million, and extend the maturity of the facility to October 2025. Renin utilized $30.0 million of proceeds under the term loan and approximately $8.0 million of proceeds under the revolving operating loan in connection with the acquisition of Colonial Elegance.



See Note 3 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this annual report for additional information with respect to Renin’s acquisition of Colonial Elegance and Note 11 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this annual report for additional information with respect to Renin’s amended and restated credit facility with TD Bank. 



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Supplier Dispute



In October 2020, Renin incurred approximately $6.0 million in costs for the expedited shipment of products to Renin from a foreign supplier and an additional $2.0 million in costs for the expedited shipment of product displays from the same supplier. The supplier had failed to deliver both the products and displays on the contractually agreed upon delivery schedule, and Renin incurred these costs, which were significantly in excess of the shipping costs that would have been incurred had such products been delivered on schedule, based on its belief that the costs were necessary in order for Renin to meet its obligations to one of its major customers. The products were committed to be sold by Renin in connection with the customer’s November 2020 holiday sale program, while the displays were required to be delivered in connection with the rollout of new products with the customer. Renin believes that the supplier is liable to Renin for damages related to the increased costs pursuant to the terms of the agreements between Renin and the supplier and has notified the supplier that it is exercising a right of offset of the costs against outstanding amounts due to the supplier of approximately $8.1 million in order to recover its damages. However, the supplier is disputing that it is liable for the additional shipping costs and has demanded that Renin pay any outstanding amounts due to it. 



As the supplier is disputing that it is liable to Renin for damages and there is no assurance regarding the ultimate resolution of the matter and whether Renin’s assertion that it is entitled to damages will be sustained, Renin recognized the cost of the products and related shipping costs upon the sale of such products in cost of trade sales in the Company’s statement of operations and comprehensive income during the year ended December 31, 2020, while the costs of the displays and related shipping were deferred and will be amortized over the period in which the Company expects to benefit from their use. As of December 31, 2020, this matter did not impact Renin’s compliance with the financial covenants under its outstanding credit facility with TD Bank. However, if Renin is unable to sustain its assertion that it is entitled to damages from the supplier and is ultimately required to pay the supplier for outstanding amounts due to it, Renin may be unable to comply with its covenants, If Renin is unable to comply with its covenants, it would be required to seek a waiver from the bank, and if unable to obtain a waiver, might lose availability under its line of credit, be required to provide additional collateral, or repay all or a portion of its borrowings, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial position, and results.



Results of Operations



Information regarding the results of operations for Renin is set forth below (dollars in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

Change

 

Change



 

For the Years Ended December 31,

 

2020 vs

 

2019 vs



 

2020

 

2019

 

2018

 

2019

 

2018

Trade sales

 

 $

93,036 

 

 

67,537 

 

 

68,417 

 

 

25,499 

 

 

(880)

Cost of trade sales

 

 

(83,563)

 

 

(54,243)

 

 

(55,483)

 

 

(29,320)

 

 

1,240 

Gross margin

 

 

9,473 

 

 

13,294 

 

 

12,934 

 

 

(3,821)

 

 

360 

Interest expense

 

 

(615)

 

 

(498)

 

 

(638)

 

 

(117)

 

 

140 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

(11,735)

 

 

(11,066)

 

 

(9,903)

 

 

(669)

 

 

(1,163)

Total operating (losses) profits

 

 

(2,877)

 

 

1,730 

 

 

2,393 

 

 

(4,607)

 

 

(663)

Other (expense) income

 

 

(3)

 

 

153 

 

 

 —

 

 

(156)

 

 

153 

Foreign exchange (loss) gain

 

 

(692)

 

 

(75)

 

 

68 

 

 

(617)

 

 

(143)

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

 

(3,572)

 

 

1,808 

 

 

2,461 

 

 

(5,380)

 

 

(653)

Gross margin percentage

 

%

10.18 

 

 

19.68 

 

 

18.90 

 

 

(9.50)

 

 

0.78 

SG&A as a percent of trade sales

 

%

12.61 

 

 

16.39 

 

 

14.47 

 

 

(3.78)

 

 

1.92 



Renin’s loss before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $3.6 million compared to income before income taxes of $1.8 million for the same 2019 period. The decrease in earnings of $5.4 million was primarily due to the following:



·

An increase in cost of sales and a corresponding decrease in gross margin percentage which primarily resulted from $6.0 million of additional freight costs for the expedited shipment of products to Renin from a foreign supplier, as described above;  

·

An increase in selling, general, and administrative expenses primarily due to costs incurred in connection with the acquisition of Colonial Elegance and subsequent ongoing expenses related to Colonial Elegance’s operations, partially offset by lower

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marketing, travel, and trade show expenses in 2020 as a result of travel restrictions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and lower consulting expenses related to costs incurred in 2019 associated with the procurement of raw materials; and

·

Higher foreign exchange losses due to the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates between the U.S. and Canadian dollar on monetary assets and liabilities held in Canadian dollars as of December 31, 2020; partially offset by

·

An increase in trade sales primarily resulting from sales generated by Colonial Elegance from October 22, 2020 through December 31, 2020 and sales to Renin’s existing customers across its retail and commercial channels. 



Renin’s income before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the same 2018 period decreased by $0.7 million, or 26.5%, primarily due to the following: 



·

An increase in selling, general and administrative expenses primarily due to consulting expenses related to the procurement of raw materials, severance expenses, and higher employee compensation expenses associated with the accrual of performance bonuses; and

·

A decrease in trade sales primarily resulting from higher volume rebates and promotional spend on customers in Renin’s retail channel; partially offset by

·

An improvement in Renin’s gross margin percentage which reflects improved pricing for the procurement of raw materials in 2019 and a barn door promotion to sell excess inventory in 2018 that was not repeated in 2019, partially offset by the impact of tariffs on products imported from China.

 

Other



Other in the Company’s segment information includes its investments in other operating businesses, including a restaurant located in South Florida that was acquired through a loan foreclosure and an insurance agency.



Loss before income tax for the other businesses was $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, and $0.3 million for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company recognized $2.7 million of impairment losses related to certain of these investments primarily resulting from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the estimated value of the businesses.



Reconciling Items and Eliminations



Reconciling items and eliminations in the Company’s segment information primarily includes the following:



·

BBX Capital’s corporate general and administrative expenses;

·

Interest income on interest-bearing cash accounts; and

·

Interest expense capitalized in connection with real estate construction.



Corporate General and Administrative Expenses



Through September 30, 2020, BBX Capital’s corporate general and administrative expenses consisted primarily of an allocation of the cost of services provided by BVH to the Company for various support functions, including executive compensation, legal, accounting, human resources, investor relations, and executive offices, while subsequent to September 30, 2020, its corporate general and administrative expenses consisted of the actual costs of these functions, as many of these functions were transferred to BBX Capital in connection with the spin-off. BBX Capital’s corporate general and administrative expenses for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019, and 2018 were $15.8 million, $20.8 million, and $21.2 million, respectively. The decrease in the corporate general and administrative expenses for the 2020 period as compared to the prior periods in 2019 and 2018 primarily reflects (i) compensation expense related to BVH’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer moving to Bluegreen as a result of their expanded roles at Bluegreen in the 2020 period, which resulted in lower executive compensation expenses incurred directly by BVH and a lower allocation of such costs to BBX Capital during 2020, and (ii) an overall decrease in corporate general and administrative expenses as part of various cost reduction initiatives implemented in 2019 and 2020. 



(Provision) Benefit for Income Taxes from Continuing Operations



The provision for income taxes from continuing operations for the year ended December 31, 2020 reflected the Company’s effective tax rate of 19% on income before income taxes from continuing operations. The effective tax rate was lower than the expected federal income tax rate of 21.0% primarily due to nondeductible executive compensation, noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries not consolidated for income tax purposes, and nondeductible goodwill impairments, partially offset by state income taxes.



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The provision for income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2019 reflected the Company’s effective tax rate of 29% on income before income taxes from continuing operations. The effective tax rate was higher than the expected federal income tax rate of 21.0% primarily due to nondeductible executive compensation and state income taxes.

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